14

Jun

6 Things You Want to Know About Research Paper Assistance

09

Jun

Business Consulting Expertise

08

Aug

Invitation to Tender EU funded BSB-884 ECO Monitoring Project

Invitation to Tender, EU funded BSB-884 ECO Monitoring Project Subject: Invitation to tender for dron with multispectral camera, laptop and measurement devices This is an invitation to tender for the above-mentioned ...

13

Jun

Protect Your Data With PC Matic VPN

What is PERSONAL COMPUTER Matic VPN? PC Matic it isn't just antivirus software; it is also the very best tool intended for improving network performance. While many other malware tools do the job by using a so-called blacklist, which they ban or perhaps delete each and every one known and potential viruses, PC Matic eliminates all these kinds of programs. It works by classifying potential threats and then doing away with them from a Glass windows system.

In addition to reducing malware, PC Matic performs extremely well in protecting your computer against hazards coming from the net. The real-time protection feature of the anti-virus software means that even though you happen to be away from your computer, it will continuously monitor risks on the web and may prevent these from getting active. If you are avira browser safety applying an online financial application, the transactions could be safely obstructed if PERSONAL COMPUTER Matic picks up any spy ware, fake applications or infections in the background.

You can inquire from PC Matic about the real-time safety capability if you happen to feel that you're not receiving enough security from the product. This award winning merchandise comes with a total back up center that enables consumers to restore their very own systems in the case of any vicious software attack. PC Matic also provides its users with on the web technical support and online malware recognition and removing guidance. If you are you need advanced protection against viruses, then have a step ahead with LAPTOP OR COMPUTER Matic VPN.

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13

Jun

An authentic Review of AVG Mobil

AVG Range of motion is an internationally established, enterprise-leading supplier of commercial vehicle mobility alternatives. With above 22 a lot of industry encounter in creating and rendering mobile solutions, we are frequently looking for ways to increase the customer's satisfaction and productivity. Our ability to move services are designed to help corporations improve their on-site workforce management, while fixing their flexibility efficiency at the same time. This flexibility technology enables service providers to quickly and easily use changes that will make an authentic difference to their employee's day-to-day activities. Our freedom services involve engineering solutions, service style, real-time gadget management, and application the usage solutions.

With our mobile staff management solutions, an organization can easily immediately recognize where advancements can be built to enhance their on-site workforce management. Our portable infrastructure allows us to make the solutions quickly compatible with your mobile request. Our technical engineers are consistently testing the products to make certain they are appropriate and easy to work with. By enabling you to easily observe employee information and details throughout all types of mobile phones, we all create a chance to eliminate redundancy and increase communication. Each of our mobile solutions are designed to provide a highly effective mobile workforce managing solution that meets the diverse requirements of our customers.

AVG Mobil https://www.techybloging.net/what-should-you-do-if-avast-won-t-open is the best choice for managing your cell assets. Our product stock portfolio is unparalleled in the industry. Each of our mobility alternatives will allow you to improve your reporting system, improve productivity and cut costs. It is vital that you consider all the options available to you personally and select AVG Movability to meet your company objectives. You happen to be glad you did! E mail us today to learn more about whatever we can do for your firm.

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10

Jun

Avast Blog – Features Of A great Blog Computer software

If you are looking to obtain an all in one SEO and blogging software afterward the Avast blog page is what you have to be using. Besides it have the ability to the necessary options that come with a good weblog, but it is additionally very easy to use. The features it is about with are quite impressive, meaning even those who are not very computer literate can use this program without any problems. Excellent very easy to use interface and you should never come to feel lost when working with it. This web site software also includes blog marketing tools that can be used to gain even more popularity for your blog.

Another great feature of this blog page optimization program hola free vpn is the fact that you can publish and download videos. The uploaded video will also get added to your blog itself. If you are searching for an affordable choice then you may want to consider the Avast blog page. It comes numerous amazing features which are designed to help writers achieve all their goals. The product is definitely some thing you should install.

The program is straightforward to use although there are certain things you need to know just before you purchase it. The first thing you must look into can be how much disk space you need to spend to your blog page. The next thing to consider is whether or not you want to pick a free hosting account or perhaps if you want to use a paid accounts. The final idea to check out is the once a month charges. Finally, make sure to look into the terms of service as this might have an impact on how much you will pay.

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10

Jun

Playing Poker On line – Mobile Software Review

A mobile software review is a crucial tool for anyone who wants to start off playing holdem poker online or make money in the poker room. Truth be told that most of the people who desire to play holdem poker online have no idea of what they are performing. They sign up for a site, https://www.immobiliengriechenland.com/ read several articles about how to improve your game and enroll. Then they sit on their pcs trying to gain some money whilst their associates are successful some critical money from the site.

Simply speaking, if you want to start playing real money poker you will need to learn more about the game than just ways to set up a website. You will need to purchase different kinds of hands and what odds are appropriate for each. If you do not want to learn methods to play the sport and you avoid want to pay any actual money, you can merely log onto many of the free websites that let people to get virtual money. You can find numerous sites that offer this service. Many times a person will create a profile and ask friends. Chances are they can perform against each other using a cellular client.

If you would like to enjoy playing online poker but you can't say for sure what you should always be doing, a mobile software assessment is an excellent way to get started. Now there are plenty of resources on the internet that may help you get the information that you need. When you start playing you will have no trouble understanding more complex strategies and poker bets systems. Before you know it you will be competing against the very best players in the table and winning big money.

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10

Jun

A great In-Depth VIPRE Review — How to Take away This Contamination From Your Laptop for Good

This is persistent VIPRE assessment, written by a malware/scam security company. Another thing I will say about this disease is that it will not have a trusted scanning choice and as a result may be causing many people unnecessary problems, installing a great unnecessary course on their computer system and generally producing more concerns than that solves. The primary issues will be that it's regularly installing alone on your computer, avoiding your computer from being able to run for the reason that effectively as possible, blocking your personal computer from packing up appropriately, preventing system applications the Word expander from running, and in essence causing an enormous series of errors on your PC. A part, from that several charging been discovered to show several annoying symptoms, including the likes of appearing on your screen with a large number of advertisements, blocking your personal computer from booting up, varying your desktop wallpaper and tool bars, and essentially causing a lot of problems to your computer.

This condition has been recognized as a criminal antivirus application which has been built to show bogus security notifies to try and steal your personal specifics. If you're discovering these symptoms, you should take away the virus quickly without trust this anymore. However, VIPRE does not arrive standard with any of the major antivirus firms (Norton, Kaspersky, AVG, or Norton pro), and is actually developed by several hackers exactly who make "fake" antivirus courses to try and trick you into buying a full version from it. As a result, when you are unfortunate enough to have this virus with your system, you must be very careful with what you do. Because it's continually showing false security alerts, even if you have no infection, and is also continually dispersing like a contamination, it's vital really are able to eliminate it in the most satisfactory & trustworthy way. That's where this VIPRE review can really be, to show you exactly how to get rid of this irritation and keep your personal computer clean.

Although it's possibly not the best option available to buy, cloud-based https://www.viprereview.com/avast-free-antivirus-boot-time-scan-how-to-run/ antivirus applications such as VIPRE do offer a lot of benefits more than using the typical program. The biggest gain is the added functionality that means it is easier to recognize fake attacks, as well as being able to run a finished scan with an advanced secureness suite. Though it has a few drawbacks, which we'll talk about below, total we would absolutely recommend this for individuals who make use of a Windows base and also the prevalent internet end user who shouldn't want to spend the extra money on a advanced antivirus plan.

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09

Jun

Ideal Technology Websites Year Started out

"Like Technology" seems a lttle bit odd but it's authentic: A lot of people (especially teenagers) desire to be "like technology. " We want to be bright, technologically knowledgeable, and do more and more than our parents have. The problem is that this desire for new-technology often contributes to some very ridiculous behavior when we try to use it at home. I know many of you have had a neighbors or maybe a friend who would blast through something or perhaps break a thing when it is not necessary or desired. There is nothing wrong with to be a technological nitpicker, however. Most of us have heard plenty of examples of the mischief that can happen when folks try to use fresh technologies without thinking about how it can be used or perhaps what they are using it for.

One of the greatest problems with children using new tech at your home is that they move into it will help all of them if his or her shove it in their confronts and ignore their father and mother. Unfortunately, a lot of kids don't seem to comprehend that when that they set themselves up simply because adults that they should quit to do details their parents did prior to they do all of them. The social networking rules, nevertheless , make this a horrible task mainly because in the event kids prefer to set themselves up as adults, they will ought to come to terms with simple fact that their particular parents understand the social media rules, which means that youngsters will need to figure out how to live with that knowledge.

Probably the greatest technology weblogs on the Net has been started out by a number of teenage boys just who clearly realize that they might say some things about their parents and the generation (specifically their parents' behavior if they are in front of the pc. ) "We never wanted to be the one to put the parents on a pedestal, " one of the newer boys explained, referring to their parents' excessive technological appreciate. It's very good to hear via these two teenage boys and it's very good to see a young adult taking a take a step back and acknowledging that there may be a certain amount of social websites influence in the or her behavior. The social media sites can be a phenomenon that may be still a new invention, but as more parents obtain online the can soon observe how easily their children can get taken into the web of their good friends. Hopefully, the very best technology sites out there support kids see this here make the most away of their on-line years.

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09

Jun

15 Dating Apps For The Over 50 Crowd

If nothing else, you'll be able to how to say ‘hey’ in one additional language. ” Who is familiar with, possibly you will meet the person that you love at this time and go on a worldwide voyage collectively in the future. Dating can easily typically resemble a booze-centric endeavor, but not in Loosid. Several individuals residing the sober life-style, the app might help you discover like-minded of us, solution options that help to get sustaining the sobriety, and dates with others enjoying the alcohol-free life.

Through a wide margin, Americans who've used a online dating site or perhaps app up to now 12 months the expertise remaining them feeling more annoyed (forty five%) than hopeful (28%). "Dating apps can be a huge an integral part of at present’s dating traditions and people in relationships happen to be begging their solo friends to enable them to swipe your children, " the creators stated in an story. "We felt like there could be a better method to include your folks with your on-line online dating expertise. inches

Match

We all like that Pure offers each of the feels of a hookup-solely web site with out the obnoxious spam and nudes all around us. The surge of blatant sex positivity is a flow of air of fresh air when compared to additional dating programs that endeavor to convince you that you'll find out soulmate. The main grievance out of bisexual people about Grindr is not that it is aggressively sexy or ninety nine% men.

online dating sites

On one aspect, some identify the convenience and efficiency of utilizing these types of platforms to seek for goes, as well as the sites’ capacity to boost users’ going out with choices further than their ordinary sociable circles. Other folks offer a significantly less complementing narrative regarding online dating – starting from things to consider about scams or harassment to the opinion that these systems facilitate " light " relationships quite than significant ones. This survey finds that the public is to some degree ambivalent regarding the general effects of on the internet dating. Half of Americans consider dating websites and software have had not a constructive nor adverse effect on internet dating and romances, whereas more compact shares move into its result has either been mostly constructive (22%) or typically negative (26%).

Easy Steps To obtain the Right Match

Get the most successful dating iphone app for available singles and discover a match primarily based on who all you really will be and what you're looking towards. This is a partial, non-exhaustive list of notable online dating websites and cell apps. The true secret to on the internet dating is identifying what you need and discovering the positioning honestly, that is most probably to provide good suits in this area. With mostly man customers, Grindr focuses on the gay, drone, trans, and queer community. The iphone app modified how dating software work with its location-based typically companies. Nowadays the most popular homosexual cell iphone app, Grindr let us you sort buyers by range based on GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM place.

online dating sites

Unfortunately within my expertise OkCupid has become a bit of an internet internet dating app ghosting city. I've pals who've met the ideal match and even husband and wife through OkCupid. In reality, Trying to find on OkCupid on and off, just for roughly the final 11 years. The world of internet dating is a wierd-but-fantastic place — especially when you happen to be of a sure age. Should you be new to online dating sites, and have only read horror tales about appointments gone incorrect, you may be surprised by how fun, straightforward, and protected it may be to satisfy people via the web.

Modern Guide To Seeing After 70

However , what those review numbers display is that there's a massive hunger with respect to online dating sites as well as the connections that they help facilitate—pandemic or not. In Drive, on-line dating huge OkCupid designed a survey of its clients and their reaction to the coronavirus and online dating.

  • In addition to this, it also offers users with an efficient search tool making it easy for people to look for ideal match.
  • Nevertheless , OkCupid has identified these adjustments have helplower all of the offensive messagesand fake information people attained, which might be an experienced trade-off.
  • For all those pressed just for time, Bumble presents an individual free “Extend” for suits and announcements every day.
  • I had been on Clover for quite a while, nonetheless had as forgotten it existed until I started to compile this kind of record.
  • They offer all new individuals an complex persona evaluation to allow them to pair singles up based mostly in shared desired goals, values, and criteria you could specify yourself.
  • If you are an classic romantic, may possibly be even a great choice to ship the match a blended record.

On a broad stage, online dating users are more likely to describe their general experience using these tools in positive quite than unfavorable keyword phrases. Roughly seven-in-ten https://aerialviewproperties.com/archives/575 on the web daters ponder over it is rather prevalent for many who employ these platforms to lie to try to seem extra fascinating.

High level Singles

Even now, about 4-in-ten on-line daters (forty two%) describe all their private experience with dating websites or apps as a minimum of considerably poor. Other happenings highlight how dating websites or applications can turn out to be a venue for annoying or harassing habits – particularly for women under the age of 35. From personal advertisements that started appearing in books across the 1700s to videocassette dating businesses that sprang up a long time ago, the platforms people use to quest out intimate companions own advanced throughout history. This evolution has continued with the grow of online dating websites and cell apps.

Payment will be charged on your iTunes Bill at affirmation of buy. Your account might be charged intended for renewal inside 24-hours previous to the tip on the current you, 3, 6th, or 12 month intervals. Connect to local singles and chat with each of our one-of-a-sort messaging system that enables you to focus entirely on the connections you’re anxious about. Better appointments come from bigger connections - that’s so why OkCupid reveals away who to get beyond simply a photograph. Online dating should focus on what makes you, properly, you - when you deserve it.

Unlike other companies, Elite Singlesuses matchmaking know-how in order to deliver in fact suitable real love together. Zoosk is an excellent program for individuals who would like to connect with other folks and build their kind of relationship. The web site is appropriate with both cell and desktop and excellent designed for users who all are looking for genuine relationships. Zooskis a visible online dating internet site with a translucent structure that means it is easy to stick to and get in touch with others via the cell App and webpage. Zooskis your house of high quality occassions, actual individuals, and an pleasant going out with expertise. Produced by incongruous ladies, this LGBTQ+ internet dating app is perfect for women and nonbinary individuals who really want to find absolutely adore in a safe house. Because of their 6 mil customers, HER offers in-app communities and hosted situations to help motivate those sets off to hover.

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09

Jun

On line Domino Video game – Absolutely free Domino Ceramic tiles

The Online Domino game is a game that may be similar to dominoes, but it allows you to play against a computer. This means that all the skills and strategies are entirely subliminal and this it is your choice to find a approach to the fatigue computer in your own rate. One of the great things about this game is that anyone may play, however good they're just at playing games like solitaire, Scrabble, and other games where there is a real conversation with another human being.

The majority of anyone does indeed enjoy a slight challenge and that is what dominoes offers the very best. Free online Dominospiel game funds - Free casino benefit On top of that you are able to build your own personal virtual aboard with the ceramic tiles that you acquire. You can use the tiles that you just buy to make a virtual packet and mortar Dominospiel shop and run it as if you were building a real business. You can job cards to players and use the Domino shop to obtain cards pay for provides. You can even construct a parking garage and then take your vehicle out for a rotate on the street and play dominoes with other players all over the world.

One of the best things about playing dominoes with online Domino game systems is that there is absolutely no money engaged. You don't have to bother about paying rent on a virtual board or perhaps worry about loose change to purchase real cash. The key reason why that you can benefit from all of these rewards is because most of these are managed through browse this site simple software programs. In fact , most of the Domino floor tile sites actually allow you to enjoy for free before you upgrade to playing with real money.

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08

Jun

Swipe Life

The ​Sheet, primarily based upon ​our expertise with living and dealing in ​Thailand for 10+ years, shows you tips on how to ​save money and time and ​gives the instruments the prosper in Thailand. When initial courting a Thai girl, don’t hoe and moan about Thailand.

thai dating sites

After marriage, Thai ladies definitely will project all their loyalty upon their husbands. First and foremost, Thailänder people worth household unity much more than private independence. Therefore , many young Thai people favor to reside using their parents when studying inside the college and even after commencement. Asia is the number-one destination for a summer season vacation. Certainly, it’s recognized for luxurious places, soft-sanded beach locations, temples, and the most significantly, gorgeous women. Is no secret that almost all single folks journey to Thailand to date and get married to magnificent Thai young ladies. If yes, this info into internet dating Thai ladies is for you.

High Thai Courting Sites 2021:

I went out with them meant for 18 to 23 or so received betrothed and as that they matured that they wanted various things. I'm retired and have been living with my Thai girlfriend in Bangkok designed for 3 years right now. Absolutely adore that and one of the better determination I've truly made in my entire life. Thai ladies for probably the most part are naturally lovely women https://thaiwomen.org/ and can manage their companion utterly. Thinking towards more aged foreigners is certainly optimistic below additionally. Study reveals the fact that secret to success in on-line romantic relationship is to purpose excessive, maintain it transient, and persevere. If you do go to a profile endorsing a little bit of fun in the sack, you can virtually insure you’ll discover youself to be paying for it, at least having to amuse the girl financially for a time period.

thai brides

This girl works as a specialist and helps buddies strengthen the relationships, handle difficulties, and understand each other. Bela can also be a relationship coach supporting singles of their love search.

Thai Friendly is a dating web site that is especially favored by women of their early 20s, though you’ll find Thai singles of all ages in it. If you want to discover the ball moving on schedules in Asia earlier than you get there, Tinder’s Passport feature is the well value the amount.

  • Less than in Thailand, so think about that bit of gem ahead of you offend not entirely myself and my Thailänder spouse nevertheless also the other actually hundreds of expats in rural residential areas that are thankfully married.
  • The solution course of with regards to the K3 Marriage australian visa is that you just file for the Spousal Request within the ALL OF US (I-130).
  • Beginning an account is normally free, and it means that you can use all of the essential benefits of the placement.
  • Also, if you choose a search of girls between the age groups of 18 and 35 who've been lively for the location through the last month, you can find over dating profiles.
  • The beauty of Thai brides is not only about all their beauty.

From the new that you just strategy them to the first time, it is strongly recommended that you would not behave in different method that reveals disrespect to her, her family or her land. Being a man is another excellent that the Thailänder women look out for.

The payment can solely affect the order of evaluations posted on our site. We would not advertise suppliers, so the buy of critiques shouldn’t be considered as a campaign. Also, observe that the authorities at EliteMailOrderBrides. com can’t verify and evaluation every single dating service within the industry. Thus, you are free to use any matchmaking platform you love, even when it isn’t really examined by our group yet.

To complete up, choose your perfect match’s a long time and location. Single profiles are rather sparse, with not much otherwise to share besides what was finished through the register process. Verify if their photos are authentic, and when the two of you are a classic good meet. Send a video message into a potential meet, significantly increasing your probabilities of the response.

Bookstores are additionally great places to meet up with women (if you’re in Bangkok, Kinokuniya at Siam Paragon nearby mall is an effective one) and a few of which have flavored coffee outlets also. So , is best to strike up a dialog with a nice daughter, you would advice having a cup of joe to proceed the dialog. For these Developed males exactly who are searching for a good Thailänder lady, listed below are a few tips to help you locate a nice Thailänder girlfriend or Thai better half and, as quickly as you’ve found her, tips on how to deal with her properly. Thousands of Western men come to Thailand every year, a large number of because they reach search of your Thai lover or wife. The greatest error in judgment lots of these males help to make though is certainly selecting a ‘bar girl’ or perhaps prostitute, mainly because these are the women they'll fulfill simply.

His 15-year-old child, Dipangkorn Rasmijoti, goes to high school graduation within the space. The Ruler requested and received improvements to the composition to end the necessity that this individual appoint a regent if he is far from Thailand. In comparability, his father commonly made talk about visits early during his reign, however this individual left the region only once following your 1960s—an within a day stay in neighboring Laos. He in addition has received sessions from Thai officers and dignitaries in Germany. After having a Thai bride's hand is normally requested coming from her father, financial talks could start off. While not necessarily required, the 'sinsot’ dowry program and the visible position of money in Thai marriage ceremony events can initially appear crass, or even horrible, to an American groom.

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31

May

The right way to Deal With(A) Quite Detrimental Vietnamese Brides at jetbride. com

Many are basically adulterous girlfriends although some males use the positioning reassured of obtaining a woman to marry and stick to these people. Many scenarios the women get so concluded for money they will execute a deal with those guys, to allow them to find some good resistant the union sooner than they arrive crystal clear. Prior to professionals started to control mail order woman, it was wise to go looking out the proper mail buy brides by going to the local papers. The newspapers will content material advertisements offering one of the best varieties to get chosen. Others did not contain nice credit score rating along with the daily news may hardly current a method to look at the qualifications vietnamese ship order star of the event of the birdes-to-be. Two analysis explored the mating approaches and companion preferences of mail order brides out of three completely different countries.

Nobody falls in love together with the inside world initially, however low problems like well toned bodies and fairly people aren't enough to build a very good basis for a happy marriage. Luckily, scorching Vietnamese women have specific qualities various other girls don't possess.

They keep loyal to their husbands all over their matrimony. You can trust your Thai wife and ensure that your sweetheart loves you if this girl lives along.

In a upbeat method, Vietnamese ship order birdes-to-be are slightly old school. They believe in true love and don’t https://jetbride.com/ukrainian-brides/ have to become one-night stands. Instead, they’re on the lookout for a household and don’t speak too much about their personal life. Establishing a strong relationship and caring for the cherished ones is what makes Vietnamese women joyful and content. Looking for a terrific Hard anodized cookware girls for significant other life or relationship?

Japanese ladies currently have uncommon pleasantness which is exceptional to search out anywhere else. The allure comes from a mixture of their very own etiquettes, patterns, and standard sex-appeal. One of the main causes lurking behind their splendor could oftimes be the ethnical and topographical variety they are brought up in. Thai seems could be an mixture of East Asian and Southeast Hard anodized cookware options. Within our personal view, the best and the most secure websites to fulfill Vietnamese women are outlined under.

You should check the data you consider unclear prior to beginning to employ any assistance. And this is likely one of the triggers for his or her beauty and great well being. They help keep a healthy and balanced life-style and therefore, look hence younger, is considered onerous to see their age. When you desire a gal that can develop deep feelings for yourself and be the associate of your goals, a Vietnamese mail purchase bride is merely right. Even though Thai brides do not earn a lot, they have seen and their means of spoiling all their males.

My partner is from the thailand, though the woman just isn't a "mail order bride" I merely met her on the web, was pals for years and after my marriage in the usa failed , I decided obtain? Many analysts discover that bad impressions of international https://jetbride.com/latinwomendate-review/ brides are widespread in public buildings (Hsia 2010; Wang and Chang 2009).

An international courting platform pertaining to Asian woman lovers with high-quality communication tools. You will find over forty eight million men residing in Vietnam, therefore it can easily appear like Vietnamese girls don’t have a shortage of eligible https://jetbride.com/vietnamese-brides/ regional bachelors. However , increasingly more ladies in Vietnam decide to try their luck with foreign men, and here are the 3 main triggers for it. She's some good pals and I seriously believe jane is joyful. The moment she views me, their like the very first time that she ever before noticed me.

Vietnamese Brides

Overall, My spouse and i argue that the development of borderlands has introduced many new alternatives and increasingly Japanese women take part in different economical activities at the borderlands. Moreover, the situations of luan allow them to accomplish earnings. For example , many Thai girls usually are not solely in a place to crossstitching the edge with low price and low threat, nonetheless also to interact in modest smugglings in order to work unlawfully.

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23

May

Users

Our seeing companies could possibly be accessed every in residence and mobile, making EliteSingles a dating internet site that may be tailored to go well with a fastpaced lifestyle : whatever your requirements and anywhere you could be. Psychiatrist Mary Lamia Ph. Deb writes on why individuals wrestle to let proceed and identifies the 3 repeated elements stopping folks by transferring about.

best dating sites

Our Compatibility Complementing System does the work for you to narrow the sector from numerous single leads to match you with a select group of suitable matches with whom you could build a superior quality relationship. If you're feeling like the general public you match with will not end of looking like they are doing in their profile, there's research to back that up. A research of eighty on-line daters discovered two thirds of users lied about their weight or perhaps appearance eventually, with no correlation as to if the user was male or feminine. Having this information in your again pocket could be beneficial while moving via Tinder or eHarmony and lead to extra suits and long term connections. Meant for our fake dating users, we measured what availablility of matches and messages all of us acquired in 24 hours.

Are you able to Fall In Love With Someone On-line?

During the period of our 20+ years within the relationship organization, tens of lots of lovers have seen lasting love. You have time to browse member profiles however there is a minimal cost if you would like to talk with someone who catches your eye. With more than 11 mil members, Plenty of Fish is definitely the largest free dating site on-line. You could have a solution of “looking for” activities partners, representatives, informal internet dating, lengthy-time period dating relationship or pen-pal. Everyone knows that datingcan end up being both a fantastic and anxiety-producing thought. As you prepare for a completely new relationship, it is common for one to desire an easy way to discover a relationship spouse. We continuously nice-tune our matchmaking formula to deliver of your relevant and lively you based in your requirements.

What was when a doozy of an sign-up course of is now short, candy, and freed from the corny, spiritual questions that held it back right from being a best choice just for the fresh crowd. The entire questionnaire at this point covers 32 dimensions of what makes a contented relationship. Rather than blatantly requesting when you get mad easily or for anybody who is emotionally protected, eharmony could just ask how you cope with apologizing after having a struggle or if a certain action might piss you off. These kinds of hypotheticals get extra real responses, and some different interesting ones will be thrown in to cover surface-stage fundamentals like hobbies and interests, too.

High level Singles

From the hyper-specific—FarmersOnly, JDate, 3Fun—to all those we review here, which cast a wider world wide web, what do you have to know to find the appreciate of your life…or just your love for the evening? Bars, discos, and different ordinary meeting areas could also be beginning reopen, however how safe are they? Internet dating sites and apps are the way in which to go at present, and many even have particular video companies they've introduced particularly to cope with going out with in the time of the coronavirus, as we'll clarify later on. With its simple-to-use interface and detail-rich information, Match makes it clear why it is probably the most enduring seeing software. With the right procedure, a valid technique, and an open cardiovascular system and mind, finding take pleasure in online could prove to be, not tense.

Hoping to dip your ft back into the dating world after a prolonged period of practicing social distancing? Any time matching which has a possible new associate in the "before instances" was complicated—adding a global pandemic to the blend has made it even trickier to seek out that spark or perhaps connection. In this new frequent, flirting with potential paramours over a web-based dating app could be one of many simplest techniques for getting to know someone. In case going out with wasn’t problematic sufficient, correct now our social lives have all recently been upended by continuing COVID-19 epidemic. Yet , right now the sensible factor for everybody to do should be to remain home, and that is creating quite a dilemma for internet dating apps. Fairytrail, a online dating app in order to connect through distributed journey holiday spot desires, includes seen a bittersweet increase in use. Clover tried to become the on demand version of online dating sites, letting you order to start a date very like you'll a pizza.

Finest For Informal Dating

Wikipedia® is a listed trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit group. You can upload as many as twenty-four profile images, most likely mainly because those who are contemplating a “hook up” are definitely enthusiastic about how an individual appears than what they need to state of their account description. Cathy Meyer is a certified divorce coach, marriage educator, durham copy writer, and starting editor of DivorcedMoms. com. As a divorce mediator, your sweetheart provides clientele with strategies and sources that allow them to energy by way of a time of difficulty. For city and nation-dwellers, meeting one men or single girls may commonly be a issue. With us nevertheless, you won't ought to compromise within the connection you're in search of, or perhaps how far that you simply willing to visit satisfy these people.

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It can be among the absolute best dating websites for married customers, seeing that both individuals understand they're speaking with different hitched individuals. Staying cautious in apps means engaging with verified clients; some software have subscribers of their personnel confirm members by hand, providing you with more safety. The web site equipment members with three “prospects” daily and lets http://www.s52.hekko24.pl/2021/05/12/‎grindr/ you video chat with them for internet dating. It also lets you hook up your account to LinkedIn and Facebook to block cable connections, guaranteeing your privacy. This Canadian site is offered in 9 dialects, ensuring you should connect with users from everywhere.

Match Com

The application is free of charge, however you'll be able to access high quality options just like Tinder As well as starting around $9. ninety seven a month. It isn’t really simply being forced to make conclusions based mostly away a couple of photos and one-line bios, or perhaps the awkwardness of sending immediate messages to strangers simply to be ghosted. The amount of software and clients can make simply swiping seem to be a daunting task. Even apps without online video chat disclose the problems in their own means, although. Tinder allows you to match with faculty classmates or individuals in different nations at no cost to get a restricted time. OkCupid added personality questions about just how you’re coping with the pandemic.

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That permits these kinds of users to install “without bogus pretenses, ” each person saying their conditions earlier than linking. Relaunched in 2016, Joint is the #1 primarily cell phone dating software talked about in the New York Times wedding party part. The individuals you date are hand-chosen by a individual who understands what you’re trying to find, and the short dates are a way to satisfy in person without spending too much time with bad matches. These types of matchmakers consequently find you a single meet at a time, writing only initially names.

Catholic Match

Should you share your device with others, you shouldn't activate the "keep logged in" checkbox, as not authorized customers could possibly acquire front door to your account and related information. Each of our membership pool consists of quality singles residing in all 65 U. Ings. states plus more than 200 countries global. Finding your ideal match in the individual area has just do not been easier with eharmony. eharmony acknowledges it can be tough to meet folks with who you share frequent things to do and goals inside your physical space, and that we can help. eharmony matches you with compatible local men or women - whether you are on the lookout for absolutely adore in Irvine, Denver, or perhaps Seattle. Like the majority of dating websites nowadays Plenty of Fish can be described as mix among a online web site and a internet dating website.

We at eharmony want you to identify love and romance and to help make it it final. To help you with this quest, we provide free dating recommendation by Love and Harmony. Meet individuals inside our online dating services community and have recommendation from our marriage experts.

Tinder: Finest Totally free Dating Software

A stylish, more dangerous Tinder alternate, Hinge needs to seek out you a romance so you can delete the application all collectively. Dating above 50 shows that, more than very likely, this is your next or third try by love. Once Match or eharmony's person bases nevertheless pose excessive of a do not ever married, zero kids audience, SilverSingles is here to let you understand that inserting yourself once again out there in your golden years does not need to be frightening. If something like smoking cigs is a the catch, you'll be able to speak about that, also.

For instance, you will discover niche market platforms particularly for many just who love farming, bacon, and in many cases beard-stroking . Now that you have learned the going out with pool and also have your eyes on that one somebody, is actually time to mouthful the bullet and genuinely attain to be able to them.

Lots of Fish: Very best Free Internet dating For Relationships

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22

May

Inexpensive Mail Buy Brides — jetbride. com An Extremely Straightforward Approach That Functions For

Also, online dating companies provide prime filters for another cost. With just some clicks you might get nearer to your dream.

  • The process of conversation and romance constructing incorporates several levels.
  • This step allows present that you'll be excited about a critical relationship and also create a contented family.
  • The reason is that they don’t make money from you simply being sad and alone.
  • Our site has helped thousands of women and men locate one of the best services for them.
  • Roughly there are 80 companies that care for the selling and buying of -mail buy brides.

Sometimes it happens that two jetbride.com individuals don't speak the same language but they nonetheless can make into a fabulous couple. With this kind of function, your messages may be translated almost immediately to the necessary language.

On legitimate mail purchase http://archeagedatabase.net/forum/viewtopic.php?f=4&t=879181 bride-to-be sites, every single bride is completely verified prior to she’s presented the move to enter the group. She’s show up for interviews, about/">http://bilingualdesign.forinstance.org/the-untapped-guarded-secret-of-ship-ordered-wives-or-girlfriends-jetbride-com-that-practically-no-person-particular-knows-about/ present private information, and build a genuine and attention-grabbing account. These foreign brides set up-to-date and top quality photographs to draw extra guys to their accounts. It’s necessary for these women to have simply no criminal background. About some websites, women are actually requested to provide paperwork to prove that at this time there isn’t virtually any legal backdrop.

Therefore , you must guess quite about how to choose the first or perhaps subsequent site to locate your perfect diamond necklace than regarding legal guidelines that have nothing in extensive with feelings. EliteMailOrderBrides safeguards your going out with expertise by offering trustworthy and purpose dating site ratings. Once you might be uncertain ın regards to the correctness from the provided info, you possibly can solve the vendor to confirm that.

There are 1000's of companies providing worldwide and mail-order brides courting, nevertheless few of choices genuine and reliable. Below, at bestbeautybrides. internet, we cherry pick only the dependable web sites specialised in the seek for international brides or perhaps dates. Our critiques are based mostly over the performance of your website, their number of girls, the companies they supply in establishing connection, and different additional options. We make sure to include everything you ought to know earlier than getting started your going out with journey. Discover your dream women from our listing of the best mail-order brides or intercontinental relationship websites.

This was carried out yourself to find a way to receive to be aware of the most appropriate wedding brides and marry them. Pick the very best mail purchase brides in order to get acquainted with serious girls looking for a soulmate. Take benefit of this dependable and protect website list to satisfy a good mail buy bride.

Things You Can easily And Can certainly not Use Your Cheap Postal mail Order Birdes-to-be For

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21

May

The things i Realized After Solely Romance Older Males

But should you could be open and enjoy totally different points of views, this could be a win in your case. Remember what seemed extremely important to you on the period. The most severe factor you can apply is perform like a smug old man that tells her what’s required to her is not important by any means. To big all of it off, many ladies with their 30s are very profitable within their very own right. Yet I want a female, not a venture colleague. My spouse and i get a great many stress and competition on the job. Plus, lots of them don’t even know what they desire.

  • Upon Feb some, 2015, Distinguished ‘age space dating’ web-site 10YearGap. com surveyed 3000 women to know the type of attributes they look for in an aged man.
  • Slowly, my standard age gap dwindled from typically ten years, right down to a mean of around four of 5 years.
  • The differences get extra pronounced depending on the age.
  • Take care of them including you would a lady in your own age group if you talk to them.
  • That is an time hole relationship and on line app, specifically designed for old men relationship 10 years younger women and old women romantic relationship younger guys.

If you are studying this kind of review, then you definitely should be a dude and find that finding intimacy, love, or intercourse with a mature partner. Yes, more about youthful ladies gain the risks of. For the older males not being the thought of his individual age.

This allows man plus the girl to talk freely and inform me of what they see seeing that the problems in non-public. The three individuals meet jointly from there.

He was divorced with two youngsters who had been doze and seven on the time. I was in my first term of school and was a bartenders at an American Legion, the industry reasonably divey pub where I live. Just imagine you're men in your 40’s or 50’s that has gone through an awful divorce.

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Bear in mind, they’re trying to find that maturity that they cannot discover in their very own age bracket. A lot of older men hoping to date 10 years younger ladies work their hardest to act youthful. For some reason, they will really feel similar to the girl is going to search out all of them more attractive if they appear youthful. If a young and quite lady necessary thus far a guy her era, she would night out a person her their age. Do you really consider the hot gal you’re conversing with can’t tug at a man her personal period? Looking to match youthful women on the foreign stage?

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Find out if your dreams for the longer term match. With children out of the nest, an older guy may have got extra time for everyone.

In my experience here is the distinctive task of an more mature man and a younger lady as time goes by, simply put, both become older. This man finds a lady who appreciates every thing about the man.

My Grownup Son Lives At Property, However I actually Still Find it difficult to Connect With Him

Gaper is definitely an age difference relationship and social networking app, specifically designed intended for older men dating youthful women and older ladies courting youthful males. Contrary to Tinder and common apps, there is swiping worried. Rather, Gaper allows consumers to browse personal ads within their area and make links earlier than starting more individual conversations via direct warning. You’ll end up being shocked by sheer number of single young girls who’re looking for older men online and plenty of of those have already noticed love. Various local sole women possess used GranniesToMeet. com to help you them contact older men in their space and discover an individual suitable for all of them.

If you’re allowed to sustain with the exercise stage of the more radiant ladies you date, then simply it’s an enormous benefit! But if you wrestle to keep up up and you do not discover a gal that’s alright with acquiring issues steady, it might be problems. Thankfully, there are plenty of young sole women who prefer to calm. Confidence is vital for both men and women within the courting game.

The biggest relationship programs for getting together with worldwide women can become a member of you with girls residing overseas, as properly as females living regionally who're formerly from unique countries. This app is doing this for many years, with a mass of accomplishment. Additionally , the format belonging to the process gives you00 so that you just can begin interactions, find your new chance not to be alone you’re trying to find, and solve any bafflement in regards to the facts of the marriage. You'll commence receiving the latest information, benefits, occasions, and applications related to AARP's mission to empower individuals to choose that they live as they age. "The idea of what age means in our contemporary society is changing very rapidly, " says Ian Alger, MD, specialized medical professor of psychiatry in Weill Medical College of Cornell School. With many guys rejecting the style that they need to stop working at age 66, older men are discovering that they really feel vigorous enough to mate and in many cases to start new households, he says.

Previous dinner with a good friend lately, she asked me, with you eyebrow increased, what I have the guideline distinction is certainly between sleeping https://bestdatingsitesforover40.net/younger-women-meet-older-men with older guys versus young males. When a guy seems to have grey curly hair on his brain, is it a sugar in the event he contains grey head of hair downstairs? And higher sugars than if he'd recently been dying all of them. The and real big difference is from older males are usually a guys heavier through the intestine — you probably can't be anticipated to experience 20 younger' extra consuming experience with away it exhibiting. Many old these people "unknowingly" search love and daughter by age-inappropriate person to truly feel a "someone of being fathered and protected, " she says.

They’ve spent enough time inside the relationship environment to know exactly the actual like and what turns them away. You’ll never be in a great not sure space or off white space when ever relationship a great more mature man being a outcome of they've not the time neither the desire to play video game titles. Thirty-year-olds own a exponentially boosted set of tips. They are not only still in a hurry to marry, but they're additionally usually bitter.

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19

May

Mybesthookup Com

Most of the users on Blendr are ten years younger professionals merely on the lookout for a fantastic time. Should you be planning to trip the world and in addition you're attempting to get laid, this provides the way in which going. The only draw back— if you are primarily based within the U. Ring., the user platform is really limited. Should you be in a serious city, this must be simply no downside, on the other hand these of you in smaller metropolitan areas might need a harder time finding fits. Unlike diverse itemizing websites, Doublelist is solely for true romance looking for a place hookup.

Do not assume that just simply since you set a message, youre going to have sex. Even when you match for somebody, and if you get yourself a flirt text message, you’re even now within the warm seat.

Any kind of Adult Internet dating sites Which Might Be Well-known Scams?

A few sites have hundreds of thousands of members, and many are working onerous on developing the number of people on their platforms. We assess promising sites, in addition to already well-liked websites, though the variety of figures just isn't a major requirements. We put a web site to the record so long as there are seriously sexy persons. We use platforms being a man and since a girl to ensure everyone can find somebody sizzling there. Intimate adventures and casual set-up – all you want is right in this article. But the way to distinguish the protected site that works from a dubious hookup program? It isn't uncomplicated, and that's the reason why we developed HookupBro. org, a web site the location yow should discover only safeguarded, reliable, reliable hookup websites that can genuinely assist you to obtain what you need.

Sure, there are some in order to improve, however, you possibly can have fun with the entire key options without paying out of pocket. Singles can quickly and easily find a match inside their city with little work on their component. The exclusively draw back to Zoosk would be that the chat characteristic just isn't cost-free. You can create a free consideration to browse the site, however you must upgrade to message other users. If this kind of sounds attention-grabbing to you, you should anticipate finding a match in lower than per week. In order to get began on AdultFriendFinder, you will have to create a free account. Luckily for everyone, registration is totally free.

Adult Pal Finder

Rather, this website leaves it up to you to search out singles and couples who also are on the lookout for set-up, dates, and sex. Precisely as it involves informal online dating websites, AdultFriendFinder really will take the cake. This dating web page was made especially for adults searching for hookups, and sex buddies. With that in mind, we are going to go through our top hottest picks of adult dating software you can count on everytime you sense lonely, alluring, or just mischievous. Whether youre on the lookout for a great NSA hookup, a fling, or some casual making love, these going out with apps will show what you’re in search of. FetLife is among the ideal actual hookup sites because most people are thinking of more than ordinary vanilla making love and casual dating. The most well liked dating apps in the world are shortly changing into the most efficient way thus far to filter out the incorrect forms and stop losing money and time.

If you've got ever used a private listing before, you realize it could be an effective way to satisfy native people interested in a few naughty fun. Away of all of the dating apps that can be purchased, Tinder is most likely probably the tophookupdatingsites.net/discreet-sites most well known. There are many people who could think about Tinder to be among the finest hookup web page out there. A part of this accomplishment comes from the wonderful coordinating algorithm. Match. com has every single consumer solution a set of specific questions.

Actual Free Hookup Sites Basically In 2021

Don't be surprised when you're greeted with a great unsolicited dick pic or two. OK, Hinge is targeted extra toward relationships, but once you're upfront together with your motives, it can definitely a helpful get together app too. Profiles happen to be fairly good with every footage/movies and written prompts, so you'll be able to actually find a person you're a minimum of slightly bit compatible with to get your have sex with buddy. Perhaps you have heard of this dating application already — in reality, we might bet money that you have downloaded it no less than as soon as in the life. Tinder, otherwise generally known as the online dating app everyone and their mommy downloads after having a breakup, perceives 1 . 6th billion swipes per day and it is on the market in 196 nations.

Narrowing the search on your perfect associate is a fantastic opportunity that saves lots of time. Nevertheless , there are some suggestions you need to follow to avoid virtually any issues with wellbeing.

Is Making use of Hookupbro Org Free Of Charge?

Having sex Messenger is much like an “anonymous” version of Facebook IM OR HER, or AOL IM, or What’s App - solely with out your precise brand. This messenger retains elements discreet since the makers find out people work with it for joining, buying and selling nudes, or maybe chatting at the wee several hours of the evening. There’s zero query Ashley Madison offers an attractive offer, with a free of charge searching special for men, and free regular membership for girls. You can also use the placement for traveling since its big database passes across over almost each significant city on the globe. Women be a part of for free, and sugar daddies are usually pleased to pay the high account payment, simply for the possibility to pay extra money and discover a glucose baby that appeals to these people. Hey, it’s a greater offer than showing at a strip fitness center, that’s for positive. The catch is usually, men needs to be generally worthwhile.

They are the finest methods to match people who end up native, who've issues in frequent, of course, who satisfy your minimal normal of sex fantasy. Some joining apps are made specifically for hookups. Some cater to a complete load of various dating set-ups, with woman dating being a fraction than it. There are lots of the younger hetero and gay ten years younger hookups corporations to attach. There, you possibly can meet many individuals that seem like teens. Paradoxically, they are a little much less in style than MILF top hookup platforms, but nonetheless, the number of paid members on this kind of platforms can be truly tremendous.

It is completed make you change your account and use paid out features. There are tons of feasible choices for you out there. If you might be on the lookout for a quickie, a BDSM associate, or somebody thus far very casually, you will find lots of dependable websites for you.

Aside from searching the app designed for potential fits, customers could also discover native LGBTQ events to fulfill native set-up and be component to on-line golf clubs. Now, for these of you who wish to consider issues with your own forearms, you will like this website. AdultFriendFinder shouldn't match you up with others like the traditional dating software.

Take your sexual and dating meets to an whole new degree with the finest adult online dating apps just for NSA hookups and affair. Grow your possibilities of assemblage somebody particular and textured, someone exciting who will steel your life in manners that you haven’t even dreamed. Yet, together with the web community populated with many dating applications, it can be daunting to find one of the best hookup websites and programs in your sex wants. Is considered your choose get one of the greatest adult hookup dating away of our internet dating site. With lots of of members ready to meet you all the time, you will want to bring your top game here to attain the women all set to listen to a person.

  • The best method to meet somebody who meets all of your standards is to use search filtration.
  • Just carry it in thoughts as you may delve the internet for the most successful dating places.
  • Bondage, BDSM, fetishes, perverted sex, goggles, threesomes, you name it, Kinkoo has it.
  • You can even once in a while (not continuously! ) like your buddy’s standing upright.
  • With over 342, 000 members, Reddit R4R is probably the lively no cost dating websites on-line.
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18

May

Meal Kit With respect to Singles Alternatives

They are ready by professional dietitians, with the health of their leads all the time the precedence. You may contact customer support through email, cellphone call, and by contents a web-based type. Its foods are a hundred pc use of plant, non-GMO, normal, preservative-free, and chef-crafted. Via Blue Apron to Dinnerly, I spent weeks preparing food with boxed parts shipped to my door. Breakfast, lunch, and dinner happen to be about to become a whole lot easier.

We are happy that will help you and your liked types share balanced meals as you may save as well as reduce food waste. Marketing experts in meals and beverage ought to plan for meal systems to increase the recent meals perimeters in to the e-commerce, smart phone app, and social media hyperspaces. Everyone should be open to Made Facts' all-in-one Meal Equipment Delivery Offerings page! Focus on also offers house meal alternatives via their personal label model, Archer Farms. The freezer-friendly collection presents 100 ready-to-heat, frigid meals which include barbequed fajita hen strips, burrata lemon zeal herb ravioli, and apple pecan ancient grains salad. Every meal plan offers various selling prices, relying on what plan is selected and what meals take offer.

How Meal System For Lonely people can Save You Time, Money, and Stress.

Should you fancy developing over a delicious meal nevertheless end up too busy to obtain groceries, you will wish to try Freshly. The foodstuff comes already cooked, thus all you need to do is pop it inside the microwave. "This is the year! inches Jet Petrol Meals offer a great choice of food options together with Ketogenic, Maintain, Athletic, Plant-Based, Pescatarian, and Kids Meal. All meal plans have the choice to exclude gizmos for dietary and allergy needs. Bistro MARYLAND is designed with a weight-loss physician to assist you make healthy meals decisions that may final a lifetime. Over a hundred fifty meals to select from, along with alternatives for breakfast, lunch break, dinner and snacks. This meal supply equipment is pre-made and designed by in-house dietitians, so vitamin is a important focus with FACTOR.

In addition to this, the period of millennials is known for being foodies, and thus desires the one thing https://www.theglobeandmail.com/canada/article-new-canadas-food-guide-explained/ that falls among standard food preparation and yet will save you time. Thus, these multiple meal set up service providers provide the right answer to these problems. The growing desire to have meal packages is being driven by the advantages of diy meals.

Just for our instruction, we focused on finding firms with extensive distribution in order that even seniors in rural areas will find a service which can attain them. Many companies in our record deliver dishes in the comprehensive continental United states of america, and those who don’t ship in every point out are divide throughout the nation and more probably to expand their particular distribution. Unfortunately, not considered among the corporations upon our record ship to Hawaii or Alaska because of high shipping costs. This meal package deal delivery options are pricey on the other hand worth the cash for a party or loving meal.

meal kit for singles

You can purchase breakfast, the afternoon meal, dinner, and snacks through the service. Each of them use lots of packaging, placing from complete carrots to specific garlic cloves in their unique bags. The amount of trash was a complaint all of us heard typically from our testers and different reviewers, and though it’s almost all technically recyclable, much of it is not necessarily simply recyclable in many spots. Again, some kits are better than others, providing extra traditional over plastic. But the character of equally delivery new ingredients and providing really small quantities of things means you’ll end up with a mound of junk every week. If that sort of waste disturbs you, you’re possibly greatest off avoiding meal kits completely.

The Idiot's Guide To Meals Kit Intended for Singles Described

The meal subscription assistance offers 8 different diet plans, together with vegetarian, Whole30, and high-protein choices. Snap Home offers breakfast, lunch, meal, and treats, plus all its selections are free of gluten, man made preservatives, remedies, added bodily hormones, man-made colorings, and flavorings. The meals arrive portioned and packaged into microwave- and oven-safe containers, so that you just heat these people up and you’re ready to go.

There is absolutely nothing when pretty to be a versatile meal equipment delivery service. The service seriously ought to let you find the most practical place intended for supply. It may also present meant for versatile deadlines and may enable you to pause your account program once away or perhaps unavailable. And my personal point is… meal offer supply services are sprouting up in almost all places. The two-serving meal kits value approximately $12/serving, with transportation. Meanwhile, you’ll pay around $9/serving just for the four-serving meal set up.

The food supply https://foodbarossa.com/single-person-meal-delivery-services/ enhancements are constantly altering with all the growing demand of consumers and also to overcome the challenges of delivery kids also. The girl with tough to make dinner by her own and you're in search of anyone can mail already cooked properly and able to heat up. Magic Kitchen presents a variety of dishes to go effectively with completely different dietary desires, with flexible ordering and shipping. Diet-To-Go makes it simpler to look after your weight and healthiness, and their chef-chosen menus help to make it simple to resolve what to eat. Best for the health-conscious eater, their very own meals are delivered the latest to your https://business.pinterest.com/en/blog/food-is-heating-up-on-pinterest door, and everything you should carry out is tenderness them up. Freshology is good for various who in order to with consuming healthily.

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Sun Baskets has become probably the most in style meal kits available to buy, and for very good cause. The firm harmonizes with farmers, ranchers, and sea food purveyors to develop recipes primarily based upon seasonal, sustainably sourced factors. Expect all natural produce and meat free of antibiotics and added human hormones. Every part of packaging is additionally compostable or perhaps recyclable, making this a perfect present for everyone who likes to eat and live life clear. Your each week meals might all are to choose from in one discipline, yet Home Cook wants their customers to essentially feel anything but limited. Each week, select from as much as dua puluh enam different tasty recipes which are custom for nutritional restrictions, which includes gluten-free, nut-free, and vegan. If you're creating a kitchen from day one, they possibly promote simple kitchenware to get you began.

Information On Meal Kit For Lonely women

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14

May

Latin Mail Buy Brides

Having a young child embodies each of the values, which in turn they’ve been brought up with. Latina women, as I’ve already mentioned, are very popular.

dating a latina women

This is particularly the case for a few Hispanic subgroups, together with Muelle Ricans, Central/South Americans, and Cubans. For the reason that was the circumstance within the before desk upon union habits, we all organize the data by the mom's ethnicity and generation. Nevertheless , due to the limited info accumulated on the beginning certificates, jooxie is capable of distinguish simply between foreign-born mothers and native-born moms. For mothers in every Hispanic subgroup, the likelihood of births in which the father is certainly coethnic, by a unique Asian group, non-Hispanic white, and non-Hispanic black are validated.

Shes Even more Doubtless To become Coqueta And Incredibly Passionate

Should you be having a difficult time, they will currently have your back and support you fiercely. At this time there happen to be sayings regarding why everybody ought to have a Hispanic finest buddie and that is why. The most essential variable to consider with Latino relationship is that there are quite a few Asian international locations. All of them have their personal traditions, history and tradition. Do not simply suppose your night out loves tamales because they are Hispanic, for example. Faith and tradition are essential, so you want to perceive the basics when youre dating a Latina or perhaps Latino.

Developing up I have by no means enjoyed candy bread randomly during the day. We had to discontinue at my dwelling to pick up another thing before we went along to a convention and a dinner. When he was ready for me, my mom provided him one thing to consume. I cringed, however rather, out of his mouth coame this lilting, charming answer with a ceda and a few humorous words. Mama understood and introduced him slightly tad and a cup of tea. I looked at him and requested him why he never explained he may converse Spanish.

  • Brazil, Colombia, the Dominican Republic, Venezuela, Ecuador, Chile, Peru, Perú, Puerto Apetitoso, Cuba, South america, and extra countries are well-represented within the person demographics.
  • Going out with a Latino means they will take a while preparing due to most of them always like to look good they normally spend several hours getting ready for your date.
  • If she notifys you she'll get ready at almost 8 pm, she actually means she'll prepare yourself at 9 pm.
  • You may join utilizing social media, a lot of members join their single profiles to their Facebook accounts.

The plurality of foreign-born Latino young ones (34%) will be the top of the family as well as spouse of a head of household. Among the second era, 20% are a brain of family, or the spouse of one that is, and among the many third technology, this talk about is 27%—the similar seeing that within the non-Hispanic youth residents. Driven largely by the Battle with Drugs, ladies of shade, notably grayscale Latina ladies, comprise the fastest-growing sector of the prison population. Though feminists frequently cite the gender wage hole to be a scourge holding back females within the business office, in fact with regards to Latinas, the hole is much more serious.

The girls in Latin nations have extremely completely different teaching. Each and every one mothers instruct their daughters to obey their own husbands. Modern day European worth haven’t impressed they but , so they can always be still employed to contemplating that man is mostly a pinnacle belonging to the household. You can find one thing that unites all of them – gorgeous smile and love for very own the body.

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They are simply very loving by their nature, and it will take a brilliant effort by a person to get a Latina girl interested. But don’t fear, there are many Latina courting as well as gigantic content, which enter detail about everything that things to consider it. Yet Latinos are much easy-going in regards to life. You would think that their lives can be active action-packed travels with all of those passions and sturdy feelings. Latino ladies opt to spend time by house or perhaps within the firm of colleagues. To reside to old age, to keep up grandchildren and also to have a lot of issues to remember : all of these goods are the main points of any Latina person. Cliché might it show up however the saying, "The best method to a man's coronary heart can be through his stomach. inches perfectly applies to this contest of ladies.

Being a spouse. and mom is a crucial thing to my spouse. When you are that enthusiastic about every single little http://www.toplatinwomen.com thing, it will make you or perhaps break you. Click To TweetTravel allows me to comprehend my tradition and my personal id. Those who speak each, interact with each other, and make choices each have a partnership… which is the real top in #relationshipgoals. Culturally, a large number of people in heterosexual connections haven’t release traditional methods.

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Sadly, you could have to get a premium profile to have the power to message different consumers. It means that you could try all the Latina wedding brides you wish nonetheless you can have to fork out in order to get in touch with them.

Modern-day scholarship upon Hispanic homeowners is highly significant of a “culture of poverty” interpretation of this hyperlink among poverty and household patterns. There exists less ethnic and cultural variation in dwelling arrangements in early adulthood and the center mature years. In early maturity, Cubans stand out for his or her comparatively low rates of family headship and excessive propensity in which to stay the parent home. Completely 62 % of Cubans ages 18 to twenty four stay in their mother or perhaps father's family members, in contrast with less than 55 % for anyone different Mexican groups. This residing union might help the fairly excessive ranges of education attained by Cubans in younger adulthood.

Treat her just like the fantastic human being she's, and you're going to get further than men treating all of them like airheads. But on the end of they day it’s good to know you will have a woman who will journey for you no matter what the situations and that more than makes up for the minor aggrevations. Making love to a Latina is much like nothing else you will experience with an additional girl. Specifically once we contact you “papi”…this alone is enough to make you melt.

The plurality of Latinos (44%) want males turning into fathers involving the ages of twenty-two and twenty-five, in contrast with 22% of youth adults within the prevalent population so, who think about that your best period. And lastly, although 29% of Latino youth adults assume males ought to wait until after grow older 25 to have a child, lovely over 1 / 2 (61%) of young ones in the simple population believe that way.

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13

May

Very best Hookup Apps For 2021

It’s a Reddit group, this means members can drop by anonymously and depart personal email, or post their own personal ad. Seeking has a idea – sugar daddies matching with sugar infants, or in some circumstances sugar mommas looking for sugars cubs. As opposed to other bone sites out there, this one contains a excessive girly to men ratio of 79% ladies to 21% males. As being a man for this web site is what being a beautiful lady is much like on Tinder, you'll get a multitude of messages a day from tantalizing women. The obstacle is every single hookup webpage works best several teams of folks. Some are suitable for individuals in faculty, some are best for seeking associates with advantages, and other wines are best for more mature males, and so on.

If you favor to hookup with a 10/10 bombshell, then Searching for might be the easiest way to make that happen fast. Lastly, it helps to learn a few critiques for the app you are interested in. Luckily for you, we have 15 assessments right correct here for you to take a look at.

Upgrading are certain to get you endless messages, the flexibleness to be highlighted, and a host of different prime options. Considering the free account, you possibly can find the location to see if it may be best for you. Once, you’re willing to work together with different users, you can update to a premium membership. Ashley Madison offers a lot of great options just like the ability to send digital items immediately for the platform. If you’re interested in Ashley Madison you can sign up for free. The fundamental fitness center permits consumers to search profiles, to see what the site has to offer ahead of paying.

Best For An Ongoing Casual Hookup

Getting laid is certainly, in fact , a creative and physical challenge. No going out with web site assures you’re gonna get a hookup, not even Ashley Madison. Might be in The state of nevada, you’re confident sex, or perhaps maybe a therapeutic massage shop service.

Certainly, the In die jahre gekommen. com web page champions BDSM, seduction, and fetish online dating. Serious marriage dating can generally develop into too powerful and contain annoying emotions. Immediate hookups seem to work bigger for some, and for that reason open relationship couples will find lovers who understand the restrictions of an NO-STRINGS-ATTACHED affair. It is no chance that many dogging couples or perhaps polyamorous companions choose to hold things informal with their times. Did you ever think about there could be a moment when meeting in pubs and discos turned succession? From pandemics to public anxiety to ridiculously unnecessary costs to get drinks, a lot of people find causes to stay inside and log into their treasured dating site.

Best Informal Dating Sites In 2021: Best Hookup Websites And Applications Used For Flings

Not exclusively will people respect you back, nonetheless they may also carry nothing again as far as informal hookup is certainly anxious. You simply need a short while or hours of casual love, just for heaven’s sake. Why would you want to proceed through all the problems of searching for anyone with the best character? If you are about to discover your self someone together with your definition of interior magnificence, certainly spend a lot a great deal of hours to get your perfect match.

Tired of depending on technology to create individual connections? 2 weeks . dating internet site where true, human matchmakers will arranged you plan different users of itsjustlunch. com.

Most people who make use of eHarmony get together for an extended-time period relationship, although informal dating is what 1st attracted all of them. OkCupid is the millennial-pleasant dissimilar to old school matching sites. https://www.beautybox.pk/considerable-boobs-adult-porn-sites/ In latest years, it has targeted about range, inclusivity, and on modern day tradition to court younger demographics. That worked throughout most customers are between your ages of 25 and 34. Tinder is among the best hooking up software to make use of as you'll be able to proceed browsing having a Facebook profile or a mobile phone quantity and next start swiping. Bumble is definitely the brainy alternative to most programs for hooking up and was performed with a female perspective at heart.

All of the hookup sites about this listing have got a free trial or a regular membership so you can get someone to hookup very quickly. For the of you in search of hookups, these online dating services are all wonderful choices. Whether you're looking for an informal or perhaps severe relationship, yow will quickly realize somebody about these sites. Enroll in certainly one of these types of free internet dating websites and find out your good match. A good amount of Fish has quickly grow to be top-of-the-line hookup sites around. This possibility can be bought as every a personal pc web site and an software. Now, it truly is true that lots of people employ this site to find a lengthy-time period relationship.

Ideal for Queer Girls

Of course , this is often a feat not everybody can obtain, however you can generally faux this, or at least make an effort to make that appear as if that. The related applies to girls; get that physique that no guy can easily resist by doing light teach before you go looking for an off-the-cuff partner on the internet. Once you've that physique that defines beautiful, every guy or person on the market is going heads more than heels with you. Furthermore, an excellent body could make your work of discovering an appropriate match even simpler in your most well-liked hookup sites.

However, you won't be entering into blind due to Adult FriendFinder makes use of an advanced search modus operandi to counsel potential suits. This option is likely one of the best lady hookup websites on this list. Adult FriendFinder is a greatly well-liked web-site amongst mature daters just who wish to be in control. Hooking up refers to intimacy between two individuals who don’t know each other. A get together is normally a one-time encounter, whereas FWB occurs multiple instances. is likely to be one of the best websites for 10 years younger guys on the lookout for heated, out there women of all ages DTF to get a fast ONS.

A potential member should submit a questionnaire. This type has each entertaining, attention-grabbing, questions additionally questions upon politics and faith to aid filter out unsuitable matches. Not solely can matches be found, on the other hand it's also probability of select what attracted the consideration (their photo, answer a query, and so on. ). This kind of hookup web page is meant to get deleted away of your most favorite list. It's recognized to help members discover their perfect match shortly and then for new couples who planning to want the corporate's services anymore. It's also an excellent location to enroll to build new relationships, leading to even more benefits at a later date. This company is focused on serving to sugar daddies find their sugar infants and cougars or sweets mommas finding a cub to play with.

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06

May

11 Best Get together Sites Pertaining to Casual Runs into

Out of all the hookup websites created for gay guys, Scruff may perhaps be certainly one of the best choices. Scruff has a completely large fitness center, which makes it quite simple to find a get together in a short time. Bumble provides females the service by permitting gals to choose the moment and in the occasion that they can wish to start a conversation. When which will look like a drag meant for male paid members, it could possibly really be a nice adjust of rate. Another great function on Blendr is the “People Nearby” feature. This lets displayed which customers are in your town, making it very simple to find a one-night stand.

There are many users on the sites above who also are capable to discover not any strings attached relationships. Should you be on the search for great get together sites, Blendr is a safe guess. Very much like Tinder, Blendr is definitely amongst the greatest hookup websites for tracking down an area meet. You'll find a pleasant combination of users in search of both serious and laid-back relationships. Right now, the one disadvantage in this get together site, is the fact many people are searching for a critical romantic relationship. But don't allow that keep you from looking for informal sex within this web site. A good amount of consumers are capable of choosing native set-up on EliteSingles.

#1 Adult Pal Locater

Another fast-growing dating app and adult dating web page, Blendr is definitely understood to permit members to locate their match nearby. Contrary to many other internet dating apps, Blendr prefers subscribers finding buddies within their geolocation. In addition , the site rates members matching to their identification within the website. That makes it simple to discover a legit associate just who won’t throw you into a lot of scam pin.

  • If the company has the proper to reveal your personal data to any third-party organizations and folks, you’d higher avoid this great site.
  • Most of the individuals on this site will be busy, single professionals.
  • Searching for a spot to permit unfastened and examine away something new?
  • Precisely as it involves informal dating, however, you might be effective of discover higher accomplishment for a not any strings installed affair frist by trying to find a appropriate good friend.

If you’re seeking set-up apps with an straightforward interface, Ashley Madison possesses obtained you lined. The top membership improves your possibilities to find an individual, and the effective community means you’re less at risk of have a clean mailbox. The first thing any person is going to take a look at about dating or perhaps hookup websites is a picture. For a while, I think this one sounded too clear to incorporate. But, issues frequently occur speedy, especially upon hookup sites and applications. The web site works for quick and simple hookups but in addition has an decision to create friend profiles.

Benefits of Adult Hookup Sites: Dont Miss An opportunity!

Although AFF has a tiny bit of an old-school experience, sign-up is certainly free and easy. If you are searching for informal interactions, look no further. AdultFriendFinder is among the best hookup websites around. If you've ever used online dating apps or perhaps websites, you comprehend that many users wish to start a family. If you are not really interested in a critical connection, that is understandably frustrating. The great facts is, there are plenty of dating applications where both males and females can simply discover casual activities.

The more most likely sincere when using the opposite particular person, the more they will likely be with you. They will inform you their favorite locations to be touched and you will explain yours. That is how individuals run into problems they were not really expecting. And trust me, amazed are never cool with regards to casual love. The iphone app has been examined by customers and different websites, and we happen to be in a position to say is that it truly is worth trying out. Blendr’s most unique feature is an possibility referred to as ‘Encounters’. The characteristic lets users to point curiosity or disinterest in a single other consumer by simply clicking a button.

Yet ladies are certain to take pleasure in this web site like a outcome of full control they've above who they contact. Males, if you’re trying to be a glucose daddy to a exquisite lady, which is web site available for you. And ladies, for a person willing to drop stacks in return on your closeness, Seeking is a place you want to go. Are you trying to use the most reliable apps to get a hookup such as a pro?

Which will Kinds Of Hookup Websites Could you Join?

Therefore , it is important to get honest and relevant data about NSA dating sites prior to signing up for taken into consideration one of them. Besides, so much relies on a selected user’s necessities. It isn't all the time sufficient to discover if some may be on the lookout for appreciate or a one-night-stand. Hookup websites differ in features, costs, target market, and so forth. More importantly, some are safer and extra reliable than others. Therefore , it could be extremely important choose a company that might satisfy your requirements. Considering all of this, Besthookupssites began reviewing various hookup websites from all over the globe.

In that case, Silver Public will vessel you matches daily primarily based in your solutions. Magic Singles is mostly a dating internet site for people who end up 50 years aged or elderly. It's a shielded and straightforward dating encounter for many whom are on the older part. It uses a personality-based complementing algorithm to set folks up. Most of the associates on this internet site are busy, single experts.

Profile photos are public, and people can get in touch with each other free of charge. So , should you be a girl wanting to be in receive of your links, and chat with them at no cost, it could actually be time to hitch Bumble. And to create concepts regarding an individual around a picture the thing is that.

As we are in possession of noted previously mentioned, couples, husbands, and wives or girlfriends use these kinds of platforms, as well. All of them have similar objective, nonetheless — they're on the lookout for somebody who will essence their sexual life in marriage or in a long-term serious marriage. You know, mistresses sometimes phone wives, make an effort to make a person go away a household, and nicely, males who particular date married women of all ages can do something like that, as well. Enrolling in a get together web site is actually a protected option to find somebody sizzling, have sexual intercourse, change sizzling pictures, have got virtual making love, whatever, supercharge sex life with no ruining wedding. Moreover, that is how several couples produce their relationships even stronger. HookupBro was created to assist customers discover actual get together sites which may have native subscribers and provide top quality providers. Yet , we could hardly have examined many tools and made the rankings of prime mature hookup sites with out an efficient algorithm.

Most persons are sexually active here, and you may show erotic photographs and movies to draw possible matches. This will make it utterly one of a kind on the planet of dating websites. It’s a easy way to fulfill like-minded singles, individuals that find themselves in precisely the same quandary you decide to do. Popular going out with websites https://hookupseeker.org/milf-chat will show you a choice of people close to to your area who will be additionally looking for no seeing encounters. Should you be “looking pertaining to something” yet open-minded towards the concept of closeness someday producing with a good friend, a web site just like eHarmony might work. Matches are made utilizing superior methods based on a questionnaire.

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05

May

Up In Arms Regarding Europe Females For American Men?

faith-focused courting. ” In several phrases, its users are largely seeking long term relationships with different Catholics. Bumble’s greatest meant for casual hookups as a effect of the platform insists upon quick speak to. Once you match, you may have 24 hours to make contact with that particular person or the match disappears. These kinds of matchmakers then discover you a single meet at a time, writing solely initial names. They’ll arrange the time and place with the match (this can be intended for lunch, refreshments, or collation – depending within your schedule), and you just want to indicate up. We’ve broken them down by simply class to ensure that it does not matter what you’re on the lookout for, you’ll realize its in this report on the most effective websites to use in 2020.

When you start courting across worldwide borders, security and safety become far more necessary. All of the courting websites and apps we suggest choose a security and safety the primary priority. You've still got to be sensible with your choices, but find out these apps will have your again. Allow me to share four for the explanations these courting software for around the globe singles would be the most effective of the best.

With greater than 15 years’ knowledge, the site’s employees verify every affiliate to ensure genuineness. Once you are approved, you can conversation, name, or perhaps send albhabets or gives. Ashley Madison additionally gives traveling alternatives for these browsing different urban centers. This allows you to contact consumers in that location ahead of time, establishing periods for when you arrive. Obtainable each within the desktop web page and as an app, OKCupid provides basically https://www.99brides.net/category/european-brides/ a large number of profile inquiries, so you'll find a meet for there is no benefits important to you. With every free or perhaps premium subscribers to JDate (at $59. 99 every month), then you can definitely message with anybody. Customer care reviews just about every profile, guaranteeing authentic users.

There are fifty five million users worldwide visiting AdultFriendFinder each month. That is certainly plenty of for you to fulfill lonely women from the all of us and over who are in search of a world love match. Silver Finding love is a global seeing site that is certainly catered to creating matches between senior lonely hearts ages 60 and over.

It could be really a mix of websites from list we have in this details. The most used is Intercontinental Cupid, as it covers the most international locations. But lots of the good friends around the present used specialized websites to find the people they're looking for. Sites like Colombian Cupid, Russian Cupid, and Caribbean Cupid.

If you would like have the greatest luck, put multiple hooks out in to the water! By simply becoming a member of multiple websites, you improve your odds of finding that exceptional international male or female immensely. You can view all of the users’ profiles and their photos, you can use "like" the profiles and ship them "winks" to point you have an interest. Messaging requires payment, moreover to personal data demands. Bumble might be identified with regards to relationship service plan right here in the usa, but they also contain Bumble Travel and leisure so you can require a00 date anywhere all over the world. Your profile includes some serious data, then some "have you ever ever" style questions to be certain to're being equalled to customers working at your same accelerate. If you reside in a small city, it could not take longer to wear out your options.

Having a commitment to connecting you in all spots, we offer the world to you. You're dedicated to covering to you find the right match regardless of where they are. Focused on more severe connections, EliteSingles is definitely amongst the very best international courting apps about. It’s designed specifically for foreign dating, with over tough luck million users in round 25 places. It suits people primarily based on pursuits and preferences, no matter the place they could be on the globe. In this detailing, we’ve accumulated the most effective worldwide courting software available for iOS and Android proper at this point. These are dating apps that let you make connections with individuals in various nations and components of the earth.

This part is on-line christian these men and % who need only a % assist coming collectively. Here's another upside in line with the research, lots of these on the web daters are very satisfied with the on-line internet dating experience, vs . online daters in general. In a latest always check, funded with this on-line firm, additionally determined that 1 ) 4 mil single American men age groups years old have got participated in international on line relationship to broaden their particular alternatives to search out real like. And eight out of 10 males (72%) who definitely have tried web based relationship, consider relationship an international women a nice way to expertise and find out in regards to a model new tradition. Read our assessments of the top five Military seeing websites & apps 2019.

Furthermore, circumstances in Eastern Europe currently have drastically advanced. While not excellent societies, the womenof UkraineandRussialive comparatively natural lives by western requirements. They take delight in european items and providers while traveling the earth with growing passion. Presumptions can reveal at any stage of a relationship -- before you meet, in the beginning and even after you will be properly over the partnership road - and all can be evenly problematical. Meanwhile and wherever attainable, you and your match ought to goal to make even efforts in spending time with one another. Appreciate the suggestions you’re both equally giving, would not turn it to a huge package and do not have it without any consideration. For instance, relationship a person who 100 per cent requirements youngsters could possibly be classed since having mismatched objectives, if having youngsters is very and utterly off the control cards for the girl he is looking at.

Dream Available singles

At the same time, personal experiences with on-line dating greatly differ by sex-related orientation. Lesbian, gay or perhaps bisexual adults are about twice as likely as those that are right to say they will ever applied a internet dating platform (55% vs . 28%). But maybe probably the most interesting discovering is a prominence of relationship websites specialised especially for the Philippines. FilipinoCupid highs the listing, accounting for nearly 15 % of all marriage website visitors on it's own. The prominence of Philippine fiancés in our sample compares to our past report, in which they made up almost 20 or so p. c of all 2017 K-1 visas.

The people you particular date are hand-selected by an individual who understands what you’re looking for, and the speedy dates certainly are a nice method to meet specially person without having to shell out too long with unhealthy matches. This “Compatibility Matching System” makes use of greater than twenty years of analysis to in that case present you with across the internet relationship options. This picky, data-driven procedure makes eharmony a wise choice if you’re in search of a severe relationship. Currently being very mobile pleasant, Cookware Melodies doesn’t only win over with its comfort and brilliant and memorable design. Quality members can easily ship sales messages with out posting an account photograph. They even have admittance to go looking filtration that cost-free users tend not to, similar to internet worth, racial, physique type, and more.

How World Struggle Ii Preserved American Dark beer Brewing

For instance, respondents to Internet studies are extra likely to be newer males. Sexual books are all around, but these types of are both “how-to” literature or posts of qualitative information. Though it's important that voices communicate out and experiences happen to be recorded and examined, no quantitative knowledge in intercourse have been printed previously. Yes, Canadian shoe sizes are similar to ALL OF US shoe sizes, check with this chart. Primary, there was a huge withdrawal of main industries from the interior cities due to skill-biased scientific change and globalisation, giving many low-skilled males without having jobs. Between 1980 and 2000, america misplaced two million manufacturing jobs as well as the decline comes with accelerated noticeably since 2k (Charles ou al. 2018).

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03

May

Asian Mail Order Brides

She is not going to inquire or perhaps push you into sharing details of the previous relationships. The lady couldn’t care less how various hot Oriental girls you may or could not possess dated prior to assembly her.

  • EME Hive is completely different from various other online relationship websites and companies.
  • These girls are searching for males to be in with and marry.
  • That is why we require every single registered customer to finish an in depth character evaluation – all of us use this to fit you with 3-7 appropriate singles everyday to analysis.

And so making a profile here is like a golden different that you should seize. The registration method is sort of straightforward on AsianDating site. There’s no tech finish course of involved with joining on the website.

Inside the, conventional values are inclined to fade more and more every year. But I just am not the person who will conform to write about my lady with an alternative man, for certain.

Meet Community Asian Public

That is why guys typically wish to get an unique and astonishing bride intended for relationships. Prior to getting around an individual of any unique tradition, you must know a few core strategies that contact form people’s lives. Before, Offshore girls accustomed to check only preparing and stitching. Now Far east mail order brides can usually get higher education, build a career, manage your family, deal with themselves, and embark on trip. They even have a chance to manage their lives and participate in making essential family selections. You will find principles of Chinese tradition http://asiandatingreviews.org/ essential to know just before dating a Chinese young lady.

You can even join, create a account, search for appropriate singles, and flirt having a possible partner free of charge. Certainly not solely ladies but in addition men can be area of the location without cost, passing a quick registration course of and doing a little customer survey in regards to the preferred girl. This kind of span of is worth your time and effort as entirely registered customers can enjoy profiles over the internet site.

The majority of Asian females only look at a family to become complete the moment there are kids within the spouse and children. Most Cookware wives won’t take a look at just one kid, as they think about two kids to be the appropriate minimum.

At this moment it remains to be to make a set of the most trustworthy and practical corporations featuring their companies. There are a lot of particulars you must pay attention to earlier than actually registering and trusting a lot of courting programs your personal info.

There are not any in-depth background record checks done to members to ensure that every person is true to the knowledge they state about themselves. However , to reach your goals in these sites, you should be honest. Most individuals who also be a part of websites like these have made up their minds in who they wish to date, so lying about the details will only get you entangled struggling.

You can start a chat if the bride is usually online and talk with fast and short communications. If you have no clue the place to start out the talk, then you'll have the ability to send a wink for the lady to get her focus. Once you have began relationship, be educated as a lot as you probably may concerning the female and her country of origin. This will let you00 establish the core values ​​of this bride and make a decision whether or not it fits you. You can obtain the advantages of several web site features such as a online video call or possibly a real appointment. When you are hoping to get an Asian bride that you can buy at matrimonial providers, you additionally need to create your profile.

asian dating sites review

You will find varied kinds of Asian romance websites to pick from, so it makes sense to assess what you need earlier than set up people on the internet. The site includes special technique to make sure that all of the girls in its program are actual ladies who definitely are on the lookout for traditional western partners. That they display most girls through local marriage agencies and collect almost all their documents in details. These kinds of advance the authenticity of the profiles of their registered ladies. You can sign-up a courting service, search as many girls’ profiles as obtainable and discover your preferred one and commence an unique relationship journey. It might be completely an enormous experience until now an Asian woman or perhaps get married. If you are pleasant to belay each application on our listing, you might need to select the app that appeals one of the main to you.

Just about every commandment alternative to popular supportive of my own journey is asian man on-line feminine romantic relationship web site ladies any totally different from the earlier. Seek the services of role in enhancing web sites of people and asian korean singles seeing websites like all the women in the past few years.

Users also have the choice of importing their very own profile photo later. However if you are looking to get quick complements, make certain you publish a picture in the start, and it ought to be of high quality.

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08

Aug

Invitation to Tender EU funded BSB-884 ECO Monitoring Project

Invitation to Tender, EU funded BSB-884 ECO Monitoring Project

Subject: Invitation to tender for dron with multispectral camera, laptop and measurement devices Dear Madam/Sir, This is an invitation to tender for the above-mentioned supply contract. The following documents constitute the tender dossier:
  1. Instructions to tenderers
  2. Draft contract, including annexes
-        Draft contract -        Annex I: general conditions -        Annex II + III: technical specifications + technical offer -        Annex IV:   budget breakdown -        Annex V: model performance guarantee
  1. Tender form for a supply contract
-        Annex I: declaration of honour on exclusion and selection criteria. -        Financial identification form -        Legal entity form For full information about procurement procedures please consult the practical guide and its annexes, which can be downloaded from the following web page: http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/prag/document.do We look forward to receiving your tender, which has to be sent or hand delivered no later than the submission deadline at the address specified in the instructions to tenderers. By submitting a tender you accept to receive notification of the outcome of the procedure by electronic means. Such notification shall be deemed to have been received by you on the date upon which the contracting authority sends it to the electronic address you referred to in your offer. If you decide to submit a tender, we would be glad to send you the tender package, as soon as you inform us in written to:  procurement@rec-caucasus.am    
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11

Jun

European Union for Environment Regional Programme “Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) Project
eu4env
  eu4env

eu4environment_partner logo

Project description/goals: The general objective of EU4Environment is to help the partner countries preserve their natural capital and increase people's environmental well-being by supporting environment-related action, demonstrating and unlocking opportunities for greener growth, and setting mechanisms to better manage environmental risks and impacts.  The program is implemented by a consortium of international partners, including OECD, UNIDO, UN Environment, UNECE and the World Bank.The project is aimed to provide description of support activities and advisory services on the application of Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Armenia as a part of the implementation of the project “European Union forEnvironment (EU4Environment)” – a regional programme to be implemented in six Eastern partner countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, the Republic of Moldova,and Ukraine) hereinafter called “EaP countries”. Project overall contributes to “Result 2. Output will introduce Circular Economy principles in Armenia by building national capacity and demonstrating RECP in SMEs”.Project uses RECP methodology and practices embedded on Circular Economy principles and applies practepiloted within EaP Green RECP Demonstration project (2013 – 2017).Project helps to increase productivity,product quality and competitiveness of SMEs in the country. Results of RECP assessments and implementation of RECP measures designed for selected industry SMEs will also serve to strengthen awareness and demonstrate benefits and best practiceson  circular economy using Resource efficiency and Cleaner production.

RECP aims at

 • Resource Efficiency: optimization of the productive use of natural resources (materials, water and energy); • Waste Minimization; Minimization of the adverse impact of production systems on environment and nature through reduction of wastes and emissions; •People’s well being: Minimization of risks to people and communities and enable their development.  Project will be implemented in accordance with the following work packages WP 1. RECP Implementation Management and Institutionalization(Stakeholder meetings, networking activities, annual regional RECP events, alumni meetings and strategies to sustain RECP services)[1].  WP 2. RECP Industry Demonstrations (RECP Coaching and Assessment for 15 new and 10 EaP Green Demonstration SMEs, supported by RECP audits, assessment reports and recommendation packages for each invidivual company). As a result of assessments, companies will benefit from economic, environmental and social benefits, improved health, safety and environmental conditions. In particular, RECP audits will enable:
  • Reduction of production costs and support to technology enhancements;
  • Increase in labor productivity and improvement of health and safety conditions;
  • Improvement in product quality using Resource Efficiency and Cleaner Production methods and applications;
  • Reduction of costs associated with input material, resources, water, waste production and pollution, reduction of GHG emissions and Climate change mitigation;
  • Improvement of production conditions, company’s competitiveness and environmental performance;
  • Improvement of the public opinion about the company.
WP 3.NIP activities for RECP awareness and knowledge management, including coaching and networking activities, preparation of Communication plan, national RECP conferences, Circular Economy thematic awareness events to benefit from the established knowledge sharing mechanism, and online knowledge sharing platform. Component will be contributing to the events and presenting Armenia’s RECP experiences and business cases, newly identified results of RECP audits to stakeholder groups and beneficiaries. The project includes the following result areas: Project will improve knowledge, awareness and communication with customers, and will serve to transfer benefits of RECP through: 1) resource productivity and environmental performance of small and medium business companies, 2) improved quality of products and services, 3) creating additional economic and environmental benefits, strengthened health and safety conditions for business owners and start-ups. Project will have the following outputs: 1.    Improved access to resource/energy efficiency and cleaner production advisory services provided to 25 SMEs and women-led business companies in Armenia based on circular economy principles and methodology, supported by 25 RECP assessments (audits) within RECP saving catalogue, action and monitoring plans for each company. 2.    Project will  design and provide a coaching program on RECP for the staff of at least 25 demonstration companies and RECP experts  to assist demonstration companies during RECP assessment. RECP saving catalogue will provide analysis of economic savings, reduction of water and energy expenses, decrease of emissions, effluents and waste,  . technical, economic and environmental feasibility evaluation of the selected RECP measures. 3.    Enhance knowledge and awareness of producers in pilot demonstration companies on Circular Economy principles and RECP through coaching and audit recommendations improving their environmental, economic and social performance, competitiveness in the market, introducing innovative approaches in selected industry sectors 4.    Enhance economic development and competitiveness among SMEs using energy-saving business models in line with circular economy policies and practices, based on resource efficiency, clean production, reduction of use of water, energy and material resources, sources,climate mitigation practices relevant for selected industry sectors, 5.    The developed modality to support the exchange of experience among Circular Economy/RECP experts and business owners to support professional networking in the country via alumni and information events, stakeholder discussions and elaboration of strategy of RECP service provision. 6.    Establishment of a national professional network for RECP knowledge sharing to promote technical expertise exchange, proper knowledge management and regular exchange among professionals to strengthen the national capacities and collaboration on Circular Economy/RECP in Armenia. Total duration of the project: 32 months  Project Location(s) :Armenia Beneficiary (ies): Small and Medium Enterprises  Project partners/Implementing organisations: The project is funded by the European Union and implemented by five Partner organisations: OECD, UNECE, UNEP, UNIDO and the World Bank. Project in Armenia is implementing by the Armenian Office of the Regional Environmental Centre for the Caucasus that is an independent, non- profit organization, established to assist in solving environmental problems as well as development of the civic society in the countries of the South Caucasus.  eu4environment_partner logo
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08

Jun

Vacancy GIS Analyst and Technical Expert
gef forest watch
gef forest watch     Regional environmental center for Caucasus Armenia and World Resources Institute are announcing a competition for the vacancy of GIS Analyst and Technical Expert within the framework of the GEF Upscaling Global Forest Watch in the Caucasus Region project. Project is supported by the Ministry of Environment of Armenia, and implemented by UN Environment, World Resources Institute and REC Caucasus. Expected Outcomes and Deliverables The GIS Analyst and Technical Expert will:
  • Lead development and implementation of technical aspects of activities nationally;
  • Lead the conceptualization, development and implementation of GIS-based tools and analytical methods in support project partners;
  • Support communicating about forest data and analysis to technical and non-technical audiences at national and international levels (e.g. by producing maps, graphs, figures, contributing to writing blog posts and articles);
  • Respond to technical inquiries related to project work;
  • Represent the project and give presentations at conferences and workshops, when necessary;
  • Provide technical assistance to relevant processes such as land use planning, monitoring of activities, and other relevant areas of natural resource management nationally;
  • Advise and support enhancing the compatibility of data and metadata structures with related systems, standards or regulations;
  • Provide training for partners in GIS, remote sensing, management of forest databases, as well as in the application of forest data to key forest management processes;
  • Promote the exchange of geographical data and metadata between the members of the team, and those of other related projects and institutions;
  • Provide support in developing strategies for acquiring new datasets relevant to the project, in the context of identified thematic and geographic research priorities;
  • Collection, compilation, or integration of external cartographic data as required for analysis or reporting needs;
  • Prepare and analyze spatial data, including deriving spatial statistics by using geoprocessing tools (e.g. Model Builder and other analytical tools using ArcGIS and Python);
  • Project management and support of other tasks outside of GIS when necessary;
  • Create visually appealing and high quality maps and posters;
Deliverables:
  • National atlases for interactive forest resources and land use built and customized;
  • Database with all relevant data (data relevant to forestry and land-use), including metadata;
  • Completed technical trainings on use and upkeep of the portal and restoration opportunities map for government and other important stakeholders and national users.
Required Qualifications:
  • Degree from accredited university in Geography, GIS, Information Systems, Forestry, Natural Resource Management or another related field;
  • Minimum of three years of professional experience relevant in GIS and data management;
  • Proficiency with GIS software, including ESRI tools such as ArcGIS Online, ArcGIS Desktop, ArcGIS Enterprise and ArcGIS Hubs;
  • Familiarity with website development languages and concepts including JSON notation, HTML, and CSS;
  • Strong analytical skills;
  • Understanding and experience of the forest sector in Armenia;
  • A demonstrated willingness to take initiative and get things done with little guidance;
  • Strong interpersonal skills and ability to work with teams of individuals and colleagues from different cultures and in different time zones;
  • Ability to travel internationally, including the United States, when needed.
Preferred Qualifications:
  • Experience writing small programs and scripts using Python and or similar tools;
  • Preference for experience working with international or government organizations.
Languages: Fluency in Armenian (writing, reading, speaking) is necessary. Proficiency in English (writing, reading, speaking) is also necessary. Interested candidates can send their CVs and Cover Letters via following e-mail address: reccarmenia@gmail.com Deadline for application:  23 June, 2020. Terms of Reference are enclosed below: Job Description_GIS Analyst_Arm_2001_tor revised 03.04.2020    
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07

Mar

Validation Workshop “Upscaling Global Forest Watch in the Caucasus Region” GEF-6 project
On February 15 2019, Validation Workshop of the project preparation phase for the GEF-6 funded project was organized by joint efforts of the World Resources Institute and Regional Environmental center for Caucasus in Yerevan. Global forest watch is an interactive online forest monitoring and alert system designed to empower people everywhere with the information they need to better manage and conserve forest landscapes. Global Forest Watch uses cutting edge technology and science to provide the timeliest and most precise information about the status of forest landscapes worldwide, including near-real-time alerts showing the suspected locations of recent tree cover loss.  The main goals of the project are to create an interactive platform to visualize spatial data and serve as a central database for spatial and non-spatial data, perform a national-scale restoration opportunities analysis, participatory approach through workshops and capacity building. Project has regional scope and will be implemented in all three South Caucasus countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia. Mr.Ayser Ghazaryan, Deputy Minister of Nature Protection of Armenia, in his welcoming speech has mentioned that current project is one of the most important one in terms of support needed by state authorized body, in particular to improve forest governance, management processes and will help to ensure transparency of forest related data and information, which will subsequently be catalyzing normal access to information and improve transparency. This platform will serve for gathering reliable information on estimation of potential non-forest areas, lands of other targeted significance by the Land Code, which will give an opportunity to evaluate and calculate the future afforestation scale under the IUCN-related methodological guidelines. Ms. Gabrielle Nussbaum, World Resources Institute, mentioned that Global Forest Watch is a collaborative project for WRI and valued the input of stakeholders working on forestry issues. As the project is scheduled to be submitted to UNEP by the 1st of March, it would be highly appreciated to get the feedback of the present participants during the workshop. Ms. Nune Harutyunyan REC Caucasus Director has introduced the results of inception workshop and recommendations presented by stakeholders during the November 2018 meeting in Yerevan. It was also underlined that the implementation of the program will give an opportunity to have an information system, which will allow forest professionals and stakeholders to keep the information more transparent and up-to-date. Later, this online system can have a more comprehensive, professional structure, which   can be used in reports, to provide accurate information. Mrs. Nune Harutyunyan invited expected the participants to come up with suggestions and recommended steps in terms of getting and providing information about existing issues, to identify opportunities for improvement of existing information system and further steps to improve system’s functioning, access to information. During the workshops stakeholders from international organizations, partner agencies, national governance and SPNAs have discussed the most important problems within forest management, institutional, legal aspects of access to information, relevant data sources and further strategies.  
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03

Apr

Support to establishment of SEA system in Armenia, Phase IV: Final dissemination and awareness raising event
Final dissemination event ''Towards a fully-fledged SEA and EIA system in Armenia'' was convened within the frames of "Greening Economies in the European Union's Eastern Neighbourhood" (EaP GREEN) project, which assists six countries of the European Union Eastern Neighbourhood Partnership including Armenia in progressing faster towards a green economy framework. Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) and Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) have been promoted within the EaP GREEN as tools to integrate green economy targets and other sustainability issues into strategic and project-related decision-making to ensure that environmental and health implications of decisions are taken into account before they are made.Since 2013, the UNECE within the EaP GREEN framework has been supporting Armenia in developing the national SEA and EIA system. The objective of the final meeting was to: -  To present the outcomes and results regarding SEA and EIA achieved within the EaP GREEN; - To summarize the key principles of efficient SEA and EIA practice and is benefits; - To discuss priorities and needs regarding further development of SEA and EIA system in the country. The meeting was organized by the Ministry of Nature Protection of Armenia in cooperation with the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) within the framework of the EaP GREEN. Support was provided by the REC Caucasus Armenia Branch Office, which is a national partner implementing current activities on SEA and EIA within the EaP GREEN in Armenia. The seminar-meeting invited representatives of all relevant stakeholders – environmental and health authorities, planning agencies and institutes, local authorities, experts and practitioners involved in SEA and EIA processes. The following progress towards improved SEA/EIA frameworks were reached as a result of implementation of two MOUs signed in between UNECE and REC Caucasus, targeting improved national capacities and legislative frameworks in close coordination with RA Ministry of Nature Protection. National institutional capacities and expertise to conduct SEA at the national level have been strengthened in the area of strategic environmental assessment (target area solid waste management plan and road map).  Recommendations for environmental optimization and modifications of the Armenia’s SWM Strategy have been elaborated and provided in Scoping report and final Strategic environmental assessment report on National Strategic Development Plan, Road Map and Long-term Investment Plan for the Solid Waste Management Sector, covering relevant recommendations on environmental and health impact and pre-cautionary measures.
  • SEA system proposed in the 2014 Law of Armenia on "On the environmental impact assessment and expertise" (EIA Law) has been trialed, and amended with the new package of suggestive amendments to the Law, as well as the draft government decision on procedure of implementation of SEA in line with Espoo convention protocol.
  •  Public consultations in five regions of Armenia and Yerevan were conducted
  • Substantive support for the implementation of the pilot project has been provided by REC Caucasus
  • Dissemination of information about the pilot project and information materials to raise awareness of national stakeholders about SEA benefits has been implemented
  • Series of capacity building workshops on specific SEA steps and analysis for government agencies, experts, civil society and specialists working in sectoral ministries,
  • The project raised awareness and common understanding of the benefits of the SEA at national and local levels and in different sectors, including the benefits of public participation and the consultation of relevant authorities.
  • The legal roundtable to introduce SEA procedure as stipulated by the draft legislation to the sectoral authorities and other relevant stakeholders (February 2017)
  • Recommendations /guideline on practical application of SEA in Armenia (September - December 2017);
  • Drafting the national SEA/EIA capacity building strategy to outline steps and actions needed to further enhance the environmental assessment system in the country (September - December 2017).
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28

Jun

Approbation of Pocket Guides for Milk Processing and Chemical Industry Specialists, UNIDO RECP EaP GREEN Program, 4 June 2017
UNIDO RECP EaP GREEN Program, June 2017. In 2016, as a part of EaP GREEN Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) program, special Pocket Guides were prepared and published in the national languages of the six participating countries for specialists working in milk processing industry, as well as for chemicals industry specialists. To complete all planned activities in connection with using these training guides, it is proposed to organise two on-line seminars for specialists working in the enterprises and organizations of these branches in EU Eastern Partnership countries and participated in the RECP program. On-line seminars shall be organized and conducted by Belarusian Center for Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production, created as a result of UNIDO RECP program in 2014 - 2017. The proposed time for having seminars is July, 04. The communication lines and technical capabilities of the School of Business and Management of Technologies of the Belarusian State University (premises, equipment for video communication, Internet traffic) will be used to organize and conduct the seminars (the national RECP center is the part of SBMT). Specialists from enterprises of mentioned branches (technology engineers, energy managers, environmental managers, etc., approx. 30-40 persons) will be invited to Belarusian RECP center for participation in the seminar and discussion about presented by the lecturer’s materials, including related Pocket guides. Lectures (presentations) will be translated into Russian beforehand, and simultaneous translation into Russian of lectures will be provided during seminars. For the interested participants from other countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Moldova, and Ukraine) links will be provided as on-line connection to the seminars.
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23

Mar

National Consultation Workshop on SEA Report for Solid Waste Management
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The national consultation workshop on the draft Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) Report was carried out as a part of the SEA pilot on “Strategic Development Plan, Road Map and Long Term Investment Plan for the Solid Waste Management Sector in Armenia” (more details on SEA pilot can be found here http://www.unece.org/environmental-policy/conventions/environmental-assessment/about-us/protocol-on-sea/enveiaabouteap-green/environmental-policytreatiesenvironmental-impact-assessmentabout-usprotocol-on-seaenvseaeapgreensea-pilot-projects/armenia.html). The event is organized by the Ministry of Nature Protection of Armenia in cooperation with the UN Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE) with logistical support provided by the Regional Environmental Centre for Caucasus (REC) in the framework of EaP GREEN programme. The purpose of the workshop was to present and discuss the draft SEA report, including
  • Analysis of environmental and health problems revealed within the assessment, proposed main conclusions, mitigation measures and recommendations towards the waste management planning. Participants of the workshop will be introduced to the steps in SEA process conducted so far, as well as methodological approach applied in SEA pilot. The results of the discussion will be considered in the final version of the SEA report.
  • The workshops also raised the awareness on SEA and contribute to enhanced capacities of the key actors in SEA including governmental planning agencies, decision-makers, NGOs and experts.
  • The workshop also supported the RA Ministry of Nature Protection, RA Ministry of Territorial Administration in implementation of recommendations towards the “Strategic Development Plan, Road Map and Long Term Investment Plan for the Solid Waste Management Sector in Armenia” formulated by SEA in order to follow requirements of the Law on “Environmental Impact Assessment and Expertise” of Armenia (2014), and the UNECE Protocol on SEA, respectively.
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06

Oct

REC Caucasus – 15 years of experience
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The Regional Environmental Centre for the Caucasus The Regional Environmental Centre for the Caucasus (REC Caucasus) is an independent, non-for-profit organisation, established to assist in solving environmental problems as well as development of the civic society in the countries of the South Caucasus. Mission

The mission of the REC Caucasus is determined as “to assist in solving environmental problems in the Caucasus region through the promotion of co-operation at national and regional level among NGOs, governments, business, local communities, and all other environmental stakeholders, in order to develop a free exchange of information, in line with the principles of the Aarhus Convention; offer assistance to all environmental NGOs and other stakeholders; and increase public participation in the decision-making process, thereby assisting the states of the Caucasus in the further development of a democratic civil society”.

 Founders REC Caucasus has been established within the framework of the “Environment for Europe Process” based on the decision made at the Sofia Ministerial Conference in 1995. The founding document of REC Caucasus – its Charter – was signed in September 1999 by the governments of Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia and the European Union. In March 2000 REC Caucasus was officially registered as an independent, not-for-profit, non-advocacy foundation in Tbilisi, Georgia. Structure Headquarters of REC Caucasus are located in Tbilisi, Georgia. The organisation has also branch offices in Yerevan, Armenia and Baku, Azerbaijan. REC Caucasus is managed by the Executive Body – a collegial Troika consisting of representatives from Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia.  REC Caucasus is directed by the Board of Directors comprising representatives from the governments of the three founding states, representatives of NGOs from all three states, a donor representative and a science/ business representative. Donors The work of REC Caucasus is being supported by: European Commission (EC), Government of Germany, Government of the Netherlands, Government of Norway, Global Environment Facility (GEF), Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), Eurasian Partnership Foundation, Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW), Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the Principality of Liechtenstein and others. Overall Goals REC Caucasus has been established:
  • to serve environmental stakeholders within and outside the South Caucasus region: national and local governments, NGOs, media, business, local communities, science, international community, teachers, students, children, etc;
  • to contribute to the improvement of the Caucasus environment by facilitating introduction and implementation of global, European, regional and national environmental policies;
  • to provide a gateway for dialogue, networking and cooperation among environmental stakeholders and partners at global, regional, national and local levels;
  Stakeholders The REC Caucasus serves the following stakeholders in the three countries of the South Caucasus region:
  • National and Local Governments
  • NGOs
  • Media
  • Teachers
  • Students
  • Business
  • Science
  • Community Based Organisations, as well as
  • International Community.
REC Caucasus at work: serving as a “bridge” REC Caucasus successfully implements its mission through various programmes and projects throughout the Caucasus region. One of the tasks of REC Caucasus is to serve as a “bridge” between the public and governments. REC Caucasus assists its stakeholders in capacity building through provision of information, advice, and expertise and to encourage dialogue, cooperation and public participation in environmental decision-making. REC Caucasus plays an active role in inter-agency cooperation, too. The organisation together with active environmental NGOs and the ministries of environment promotes the idea of environmental protection and sustainable development in the South Caucasus countries, demonstrating examples and arguments of direct links between environmental degradation/ destruction and the growth of poverty, migration, and economic recession. REC Caucasus at work: Improving the environment Since its establishment the Regional Environmental Centre for the Caucasus has implemented about 60 medium and large scale projects in the region which have contributed to policy development, capacity building, facilitation of dialogue and networking, information exchange on environmental issues and supporting the civil society in the South Caucasus states. Capacity building and training of various environmental stakeholders at regional, national and local levels have been provided throughout project implementation. REC Caucasus has strong experience in providing trainings to different interest groups and deep insight regarding their needs, demands and constraints. REC Caucasus is well positioned in the South Caucasus region to assist various national and international organizations in implementing their activities targeted at the needs of the region, countries and specific stakeholders. REC Caucasus has strong capacity to address environmental issues related to Rio Conventions and other international covenants simultaneously at national and regional levels. REC Caucasus has been addressing  environmental challenges in the region through implementation of local and regional initiatives and projects based on a regional approach. RECC strengthens capacity regarding preservation of biodiversity, climate change (mitigation and adaptation), management of transboundary water resources, sustainable management of natural resources, fighting land degradation, disaster risk reduction, sustainable forest management, capacity development and research learning. REC Caucasus has proven to be a viable and independent partner providing services to governments, local authorities, non-governmental organisations, businesses, international organisations and other environmental stakeholders. FOCAL AREAS
  • Biodiversity and forests
  • Water
  • Land
  • Disaster risk reduction
  • Green Economy
  • Climate Change mitigation and adaptation
  • Waste governance
  • Cleaner production
  REC CAUCASUS SERVICES
  • Advising
  • Expert backstopping
  • International events
  • Capacity Building
  • Confidence Building
  • Consulting
  REC Caucasus engagement in international processes Environment for Europe and Cooperation with OECD Environmental Action Plan Task Force (EAP TF) Since the beginning of 2010 RECC is actively involved in the meetings of the Committee on Environmental Policy of the UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE). Most recently, the Seventh Pan-European Ministerial Meeting on Environment held in Astana in 2011 was in the focus. Based on negotiations with the European Environmental Agency (EEA) on the elaboration of a pan-European assessment on environment, RECC in partnership with other RECs  and EEA,  was involved in elaboration of the “Assessment of Assessment Report”. RECC has finalized the regional Assessments on Water Eco-system and Green Economy. The reports are available on RECC web site, www.rec-caucasus.org. RECC has also participated at OECD EAP TF Bureau meetings. With Reference to Belgrade decisions during its annual meeting the EAP Task Force endorsed the proposed draft Consolidated Programme of Work and Budget of the EAP Task Force for 2008 that was jointly prepared by the OECD/EAP Task Force secretariat and EECCA RECs. At the same time, RECC along with other EECCA RECs and OECD, works on the post-Astana mandate and strategy of the EAP Task Force. The major inputs of EECCA RECs to the EAP Task Force will be as follows:
  • Integration of the concept of Green Growth into economic development of EECCA (sub-regional approach)
  • EAP Task Force input to Rio+20.
Environment and Security Initiative In light of the current political situation after the August events and taking into consideration that OSCE stopped its operations in Georgia, the potential role of REC Caucasus in coordinating certain activities/projects under the umbrella of the EnvSec has been discussed with major partners of the process, as well as with the Chairman of the ENVSEC Board at the regional meeting conducted in Tbilisi in March 2009. The willingness to involve REC Caucasus in the process has been officially stated by the governmental representatives as well. REC Caucasus engagement in international processes EU Eastern Partnership Initiative and the Civil Society Forum RECC participates in the Civil Society Forum (CSF) under the EU Eastern Partnership and is a permanent member of the third platform under the Eastern Partnership CSF on Energy and Environment. RECC has been participating in EC call under the Eastern Partnership Flagship projects; “ENPI – programme for the prevention, preparedness and response to natural and man-made disasters”  and in the Framework Agreement for promotion of Shared Environmental Information System. RECC will coordinate the national energy security and environmental panel on the regional level. For this, several consultations and meetings with national SCOs have been conducted. In future years, RECC will have to strengthen the role of the regional coordinator of the Eastern Partnership Initiative. Council of Europe RECC initiated its involvement in Council of Europe activities, particularly in the Council of Europe Conference of Ministers responsible for Spatial/Regional Planning (CEMAT). Status of observer for the RECC has been negotiated with CoE. RECC sent an official letter for getting the status of observer in CEMAT which was submitted to the Head of the Cultural Heritage, Landscape and Spatial Planning Division. During the next CEMAT session the Committee of Senior Officials will discuss the possibility for RECC to be granted the status of observer. International Network of Basin Management Organisations REC Caucasus has become a member of EECCA Network of basin management organisations as part of the International Network of Basin Management Organisation’s family. Director of the International Office for Water (France) which served as aREC’ sub-contractor  under “Creation of Enabling Environment for Integrated Management of the Kura-Aras Transboundary Rivers Basin” project, bears the role of executive secretary for  International Network of Basin Management Organisations. RECC, being a member of INBO, is taking active participation in its annual conferences, and will organize preparatory regional meeting on World Water Forum 6 in Tbilisi, Georgia, on 14-15 November, 2011.   UN Framework Convention on Climate Change RECC is actively participating in different negotiations and CSO meetings within the UNFCCC. This engagement provides opportunities to get involved into different climate change related activities and projects. One of such initiatives was elaboration of the South Caucasus climate change and Gender strategy together with IUCN USA office. RECC is organizing  Regional VII Annual International Conference of REC Caucasus titled “Climate Change Adaptation – Challenge and Opportunity for the Caucasus” in November 2011,. The main focus of the conference is a regional approach and priorities of CC adaptation and mitigation in the South Caucasus countries. The conference, provides a forum for all interested parties for comprehensive discussion of climate change problems taking into account natural and anthropogenic factors, environmental, economic and social impacts in the region. REC Caucasus engagement in international processes  World Water Forum 6 RECC has been invited to the first regional consultations meeting in December 2010 by the International Office for Water, which is the regional coordinator for organizing the World Water Forum 6 to be held in 2012 in France. RECC has been nominated as a member of the European Regional Steering Committee. RECC have organized  regional conference for the preparation to the WWF6. It will be for the first time that RECC participates in the preparation of the World Water Forum, which will gives an opportunity to be involved into the international water policy-making processes and as well to deliver messages on regional level.   Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction and World Reconstruction Conference RECC has participated in the Third Session of the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction and World Reconstruction Conference  in Geneva (May 2011) as part of the official government delegation. REC presented the outcomes of the “Views from Frontline” project piloting community disaster risk reduction in the regions. Subsequent outcome reports and recommendations on implementation of Hyogo Framework for Action were presented in different side events and plenary, as well as to UNISDR and Global Network for Disaster Reduction. “Views from Frontline” Study has been published and presented during the “Development of DRR System in Armenia” Conference (October 2011) and “Communication workshop on developing common approach to the regional communication strategy” within EU funded project PPRD East in November, 2011, in Tbilisi.   REC Caucasus for Governments Creation of Enabling Environment for Integrated Management of the Kura-Aras Transboundary Rivers Basin The overall goal of the project is the creation of an enabling environment for integrated management of the Kura-Aras trans-boundary rivers basin. The project focuses on the elaboration of a Road Map on sustainable management of the Kura-Aras river basin through introduction of the EU Water Directives as outlined in the National Action Plans of European Neighbourhood Policy, and, also, adoption of the National Road Maps by the participating countries. Furthermore, it supports the establishment of the Regional Coordination Body, which will - based on the Road Map - assess the progress made for sustainable management of the Kura-Aras river basin in light of introduction of EU Water Directives. Project scope: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia Donor: European Commission Identification and implementation of adaptation response to Climate Change impact for Conservation and Sustainable use of agro-biodiversity in arid and semi-arid ecosystems of South Caucasus The overall objective of the project is to build adaptive capacities in the South Caucasus countries to ensure resilience of agro-biodiversity of particularly vulnerable arid and semi-arid ecosystems and local livelihoods to climate change.  The project supports promotion of agro-biodiversity conservation and adaptation to climate change through introduction of a supportive policy framework at national and local level. Furthermore, it improves institutional and individual capacity for sustaining agro-biodiversity in arid and semi-arid ecosystems and increasing livelihood level in face of climate change. In addition, it supports the development and implementation of coping mechanisms to improve resilience of  local communities to future climate change through the introduction of sustainable agricultural practices in selected regions. Project scope: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia Donors: European Commission, German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU)   Promoting Replication of Good Practices in Nutrient Reduction and Joint Collaboration in Central and Eastern Europe The project aims to consolidate and critically review, respectively assess the achievements and experience gained in nutrient reduction and multi-country cooperation of GEF's action in the CEE and EECCA regions (Black Sea - Danube, Baltic Sea, Caspian Sea). Furthermore, it documents good practices and provides recommendations for their replication and scaling up. Project scope: multi country Donor:  Global Environment Facility (GEF) REC Caucasus for Governments Establishing a structured approach towards training of environmental inspectors in Armenia and Azerbaijan The main aim of the project is to introduce a structured approach towards trainings for the employees of the State Environmental Inspectorate (SEI) of Armenia and Azerbaijan, and also to establish a mechanism of information exchange that will help SEI employees to continuously learn about new developments. In Armenia and Azerbaijan, similarly to many other countries of EECCA, the development of individual capacities of the employees faces a number of problems that hinder the successful full-scale performance of the SEI. The main problems linked with capacity building of inspectors in Armenia and Azerbaijan are lack of professional training opportunities for SEI  specialists, inconsistency of the knowledge flow, lack of holistic approach to SEI specialist skills development, limited access to up-to-date materials, lack of cross-country experience exchange. Project scope: Armenia, Azerbaijan Donor: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Norway Waste Governance – ENPI East The European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) Eastern Regional Programme Strategy Paper for the period 2007 – 2013, sets out the scope for the agreed Action Programme in which ‘environment’ and ‘waste management’ have been identified as key areas for cooperation.  As stated in the Strategy Paper and confirmed in the course of the project formulation mission, “lack of proper waste management practices and infrastructure is a serious concern throughout the region. Prevention, collection, treatment, recovery and final disposal need to be stepped up”.  It follows that actions are required at both the national and the regional scales. The overall objective of the project is to reduce the risks arising from inappropriate management of wastes, that create environmental pollution hazards to communities and to natural resources., through cooperation among, partner states in the region. Project scope: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Russia and Ukraine Donor: European Commission Administrative Monetary Penalties and Environmental Liability in EECCA  The concept of environmental liability in EECCA countries usually applies to damage to water resources, land, and habitats and species and does not cover “traditional damage” (economic loss, personal injury and property damage). The main aim of the project is to assist EECCA countries in streamlining the design and implementation of current environmental liability. The project will develop recommendations on improving the system of assessing environmental damage and support its promotion as an instrument of environmental policy in EECCA. Project scope: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, the Russian Federation, Moldova, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Kirgizstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan Donor: Government of the Netherlands REC Caucasus for Governments Transboundary Joint Secretariat for protection of conservation of biodiversity and management and enlargement of specially protected areas  The Transboundary Joint Secretariat (TJS) for the South Caucasus has been established in 2007 on the initiative of the Government of Germany to implement the BMZ/ KfW Eco-regional Nature Protection Programme (ENP) for the Southern Caucasus. The ENP is a part of the  Caucasus Initiative, launched by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). The ENP aims to develop a coherent strategy to ensure biodiversity  conservation of the Caucasus Eco-region in the long term and to harmonize the resource protection objectives and instruments through cross-border cooperation (Armenia-Georgia, Azerbaijan-Georgia) among the respective national environmental actors. Project scope: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia Donor: Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW) Caucasus convention for sustainable development The overall objective of the project is to reach a general agreement between the governments of the Caucasus countries to develop a convention for Sustainable Development. The project supports  the preparation of the content of the convention, provides an analysis of the legal, environmental and political status quo in the participating countries and supports development of a strategy for the further support of the Convention process. Furthermore, a feasibility study for the development of a legal instrument for the protection of mountains of the Caucasus is conducted. Donor: European Commission REC Caucasus for Local Communities Fostering Community Forest Policy and Practice in Mountain Regions of the Caucasus  The overall objective of the project is to foster community forest policy and practice in mountain regions of the Caucasus to address deforestation and climate change issues, secured land tenure and forest rights, rural poverty reduction, diminishing regional and national tensions, conservation and sustainable development needs of local communities. The project focuses on the development of new institutional, legal and technical set-up for community forest management and in particular supports securing land tenure and forest rights of local communities, implementation of institutional arrangements and land use policies for forest conservation and sustainable use. In addition, the project supports awareness raising among local communities and local authorities on sustainable forest management, its relation and impact on other fields such as climate change, poverty reduction, and sustainable development. Project scope: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, the Russian Federation Donor: European Commission   Replicating Local Environmental Action Plans Experience to Three New Communities in the South Caucasus The project aims at improving local decision making on air quality as well as other environmental questions and strengthening regional cooperation between Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia to solve environmental problems. It supports decision-makers in local and regional governments, industries, and NGOs to rank environmental protection needs, develop plans of action to address priority problems, and implement, cost-effective actions that reduce pollution and save consumers and industries money. It will also strengthen regional cooperation between Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia in finding common solutions for environmental problems. The Project contributed to increasing awareness about best practices for local air quality governance decision-making and to building local government capacity in development of environmental democracy and public participation. Donors: The Netherlands Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment (VROM)   REC Caucasus for Local Communities Sustainable Land Management for Mitigating Land Degradation and Reducing Poverty in the South Caucasus Region The overall objective of the Project is to ensure continued ecosystem functions and integrity, reduce poverty and enhance food security and income for rural farmers by combating desertification, strengthening the natural resource base and revitalizing the agricultural sector. The project strengthens policy, planning and regulatory environments for promotion of sustainable land management (SLM) in transboundary watersheds of the South Caucasus region. Furthermore, it demonstrates benefits of watershed based sustainable land management and alternative livelihood for rural people while protecting fragile ecosystems and demonstrating lessons learned and best practices through developing a replication strategy. Donor: European Commission Introducing sustainable use of natural resources practices in local communities and strengthening  their resilience towards natural disasters The main aim of the project is to increase the capacity of local communities of high-mountainous villages of Racha-lechkhumi region in disaster risk prevention trough training on  the bioengineering methods for protection of territories heavily affected by natural disasters. The project provides training to local communities in Georgia in effective use of local land resources in villages of Racha-Lechkhumi region: Ghebi, Glola and Tchiori. Furthermore, it supports in the selection and demonstration of best methods of re-habilitation of forests and pastures, damaged by natural disaster, with the participation of the local population. Project scope: Georgia Donor: Eurasia Foundation Sustainable Development of Mountain Regions of the Caucasus - Local Agenda 21 The project’s main objective was to elaborate a Local Agenda 21 for the Caucasus Region; despite its local orientation, the project created a practical base at the local level for the second phase of the elaboration of the Caucasus Convention. The project contributed to improving the environmental situation by improving environment management mechanisms as well as strengthening regional cooperation between Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia to solve common environmental issues. Project scope: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and the Russian Federation. Donor: Ministry of Environmental Affairs, Land Use Planning,  Agriculture and Forestry of Principality of Liechtenstein.   REC Caucasus for Local Business Promotion of Cleaner Production and Energy efficiency technology through development of business planning practices for Cleaner Production and Energy efficiency projects The overall objective of this project is to contribute to sustainable development and minimise negative environmental impacts from the industrial sector by stimulating small and medium size enterprises (SMEs). The objective will be reached via increase of SME’s capability in the preparation of financial documentation for CP and EE projects. The increased possibility for getting the financial resources from local and international financial institutions, will improve SME’s operation capabilities to become more economically efficient, and at the same time becoming more environmentally friendly and reducing demand for scarce resources. Project scope: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia Donor: Government of the Netherlands REC Caucasus for NGOs Electronic News Within the framework of the Electronic News REC Caucasus offers all stakeholders an opportunity to disseminate information about their activities,  projects, events. The Electronic News aim to on the one hand disseminate information about REC Caucasus activities and on the other hand to assist in strengthening capacities of regional target groups through providing access to information on available financial, informational, technical support. The Electronic News comprise news from RECC Headquarters, Branch and Project Offices as well as news from RECC grantees and partners. Furthermore, it publishes grants calls for NGOs, science, local governments, announces seminars for the above stakeholder groups and links to interesting events. Electronic News also provides information about a specific convention/agreement implementation status in the three countries, projects run, progress made, state policy and relevance of national legislation.       CONTACT INFORMATION REC CAUCASUS HEAD OFFICE IN TBILISI, GEORGIA 76c, Ilia Chavchavadze Ave, 3rd floor 0162 Tbilisi, Georgia Tel: +995 32 2253649 ⁄ +995 32 2253648 Fax: +995 32 2916352 E-Mail: nune.harutyunyan@rec-caucasus.org Website: www.rec-caucasus.org Executive Director Mrs. Nune Harutyunyan   REC Caucasus Armenia National Office Aygestan str.7, building N 2, 0070, Yerevan, Armenia Tel/Fax: +374 11 574743 / +374 11 575148   Email: nune.harutyunyan@rec-caucasus.org. www.rec-caucasus.am    REC Caucasus Azerbaijan National Office 100a, B. Agayev Street, 1073 Baku, Azerbaijan Tel:+ 994 12 4924173, www.rec-azerbaijan.az  

 

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27

Sep

SEA Scoping Report, 2016
Pages from SEA Scoping Report ENGLISH

Scoping Report on Strategic Environmental Assessment on “Strategic Development Plan, Road Map and Long Term Investment Plan for the Solid Waste Management Sector in Armenia”

About the Project

Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) effectively promotes sustainable development by mainstreaming environment into economic development at the national, regional and local levels. SEA is a well-established, practical and efficient planning and environmental governance tool/system set out in the UNECE Protocol on SEA to the Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in a Transboundary Context (Espoo Convention). It ensures that strategic policy and legal frameworks and development plans in key sectors, including energy, water, waste management with likely significant adverse environmental effects are developed taking into account potential environmental and health effects and considerations. SEA ensures the identification of the most sustainable and cost-effective strategic development alternatives for attracting new investments and improving its environment. SEA also helps strengthening environmental governance through fostering transparency and consultation with relevant stakeholders and the public prior to the approval of plans and programmes which significantly improves public awareness and participation to the environmental decision making at national and local levels. SEA in a transboundary context can also greatly facilitate regional cooperation on environmental matters.

“SEA for Strategic Development Plan, Road Map and Long Term Investment Plan for the Solid Waste Management Sector in Armenia” /hereafter referred to as the “waste management plan” or the Plan/ was selected as a SEA pilot project in Armenia, as the Law stipulates that founding documents related to the waste management sector are subject to strategic assessment and expertise. The assessment and expertise processes should also include the organization of public discussions in the processes of SEA and expertise from the very start of the assessment process and until the decision-making stage / provision of the expertise conclusion/. The pilot SEA should be implemented in accordance with the provisions of the RA Law on “Environmental Impact Assessment and Expertise”, and the Protocol on SEA.

The aim of Scoping

The Scoping (or according to the Law ‘preliminary assessment’) is the initial stage of the SEA process. The aim of the Scoping stage is to identify environmental and health issues related to the plan or programme, which should be further analyzed within the SEA.

The Scoping is important for the efficiency of the SEA process, since it ensures that SEA focuses only on the likely significant effects which are relevant for the proposed plan or program.

The Scoping in SEA for the Waste Management Plan shall entail the following activities and analyses. According to guidelines of the scoping report that has been provided as support within the framework of the program, the definition of the waste management plan SEA scoping implies:

  • Preliminary analysis of the environmental and health baseline,
  • Identification of key environmental and health issues relevant to the Waste Management Plan,
  • Identification of environmental and health policy objectives relevant for the Waste Management Plan,
  • Identification of stakeholders and consultations with stakeholders.

The pilot project will reveal the opportunities via the practical application of legislation, will allow proposing recommendations as to how to improve the SEA process in Armenia, and will raise the overall awareness on the benefits of SEA. It will also inform the legal recommendations that will help to bring the national SEA legislation in line with the requirements of the Protocol.

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09

Mar

Training Workshop on Practical Application of SEA in Armenia, Strategic Environmental Assessment
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The training workshop on practical application of strategic environmental assessment (SEA) in Armenia organized by the Ministry of Nature Protection of the RA in cooperation with the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and the Regional Environmental Center for Caucasus (RECC) in the framework of the EU funded Programme ‘Greening the Economies in the Eastern Neighborhood’ took place from 9-10 of March, in the Conference Hall of Ani Plaza Hotel, Yerevan.

The aims of the workshop were raising awareness and building capacities of various stakeholders, decision-makers, national experts on SEA procedure developed under the new national legislation, supporting implementation of the Pilot SEA of the ‘’Strategic Development Plan, Road Map and Long Term Investment Plan for the Solid Waste Management Sector in Armenia’’ and providing the enhancement recommendations to the Law based on the provisions of the UNECE Protocol on SEA.

The meeting was attended by Mr. Khachik Hakobyan, Deputy Minister of Nature Protection of RA, Mr. John Barker, International Aid/Cooperation Officer, EU delegation Armenia, Ms. Eleonora Grigoryan, Adviser to the Minister of Nature Protection of Armenia, Espoo Convention focal point, Ms. Elena Santer, EaP GREEN Project Manager, UNECE Secretariat, Ms. Nune Harutyunyan, National SEA Team Leader, Director REC Caucasus, Mr. Martin Smutny and Dr. Maia Gachechiladze-Bozhesku, International SEA Consultants to UNECE, Ms. Azganush Drnoyan, National Expert, Ministry of Nature Protection of Armenia, national SEA experts, NGOs, international organizations, RECC representatives, etc.

The participants of the workshop got familiar with the SEA procedure as required by the national legislation and the Protocol on SEA; the roles and responsibilities envisioned under SEA for the national and local authorities as well as civil society; methodological aspects of strategic environmental assessment for plan and programmes and approaches to preparation of the SEA scoping report.

The workshop was delivered by the experts from the Ministry of Nature Protection of the Republic of Armenia, national SEA experts, the UNECE SEA international consultants, and experts from the Regional Environmental Center for Caucasus Armenia National Office. The workshop deployed the format of interactive sessions with elements of practical case-based work.

UNECE international SEA expert Mr. Martin Smutni has introduced the Protocol on SEA and EaP GREEN Programme. The general obligation of the Protocol is to ensure that the necessary legislative, regulatory and other appropriate measures are taken to implement the provisions of the Protocol within a clear, transparent framework. UNECE SEA Team Leader, REC Caucasus ED Ms. Nune Harutyunyan introduced the pilot UNECE SEA project for the Strategic Development Plan in Solid Waste Management Sector of Armenia and stakeholder expectations. The main objectives of the project were presented. Planned works in the frames of the project were also outlined, particularly, development of a concept to make the results of the project public and increasing the awareness about SEA procedure and its benefits, report of SEA to be developed by the SEA national and international experts. UNECE international SEA experts Mr. Martin Smutny and Dr. Maria Gachechiladze-Bozhesku presented and facilitated a discussion for the scoping and baseline analysis in SEA. They introduced  the importance and the objective of the scoping report which is it provides preliminary analysis of environmental and health conditions in the concerned area,  identifies the key issues to be further addressed in SEA,  outlines approach to further analysis,  suggests early inputs into the planning process and presents a basis for preparation of the SEA Report. The international experts also introduced the proposed structure of Scoping report. Preliminary results of the SEA baseline analysis of the Strategic Development Plan in Solid Waste Management Sector of Armenia were presented by the SEA national experts, in particular the key findings, main challenges and difficulties, as well as the scope for further SEA analyses was introduced by them. A scoping exercise was carried out by Mr. Martin Smutny and Ms. Maya Gachechiladze – Bozhesku which was aimed at identifying the key environmental, social, and health issues to be addressed by SEA, identifying specific problems and concerns, areas of concern and geographic scope, likely linkages of environmental, social and health issues to the Strategic Development Plan and preparation of scoping matrix, data resources / limitations and stakeholders.
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02

Mar

New initiative on Strategic Environmental Assessment for Solid Waste Management Sector in Armenia
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The new initiative on piloting application of SEA for the Solid waste management sector in Armenia has been undertaken by the Ministry of Nature Protection, UNECE and Regional environmental center for Caucasus Armenia National Office within the frames of EaP Green funded by European Union.  The overall aim of a SEA pilot project is to build capacities in application of SEA procedures at national level and raise awareness of SEA benefits among various national stakeholders. Specific objectives include:
  • testing and demonstrating opportunities of practical application of the Law of RA “On Environmental Impact Assessment and Expertise”
  • providing recommendations for environmental optimization and modifications of the selected plan/programme, and
  • developing recommendations for further improvement of national legislative and institutional frameworks on SEA in a country
  • Developing the concept, structure and substantive inputs for the guidance on practical application of the SEA in Armenia.
A pilot project will be conducted by a team of national experts (SEA Team) with support from qualified SEA international consultants and the UNECE secretariat and in close cooperation with the Ministry of Territorial Administration and Development of the Republic Armenia responsible for the preparation of the Strategy and Ministry of Nature Protection responsible for the implementation of the Law of RA “On Environmental Impact Assessment and Expertise”. During the project the following will be implemented:

(a)     Develop a concept for the publicity campaign to disseminate the results of the pilot project among the national stakeholders and raise their awareness about the SEA procedure and its benefits

(b)     Ensure media coverage and visibility for SEA pilot implementation(through websites, notification in media)

(c)     Develop information and promotional materials,

(d)     Monitor the results of the publicity campaign.

Implemented activities Currently, two cooperation MOUs were signed by REC Caucasus and UNECE, targeting application of the SEA within the pilot Solid Waste Management  Sector in Armenia, as well as the second one aiming elaboration of a new legal amendments package for the current national Law of the Republic of Armenia on Strategic environmental assessment and EIA. The national expert group on SEA has started its work and is currently devising the draft baseline analysis and scoping of the draft SEA report. Preparatory works are ongoing on two events planned for March – capacity building workshop on SEA for the national expert group and stakeholders, and legal round-table event to discuss the future strategy and legal amendment package on current law in accordance with requirements of UN Convention On Environmental Impact Assessment In A Transboundary Context (Espoo Convention) accessed by Armenia on 17th February of 1997.  
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11

Feb

Primer on ”Resource efficiency and cleaner production” for SME support and green business development in Armenia
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For its prosperity, creation of competitive product every business company operating in the market needs investment of ecologically safe, methods, means and tools accepted by the world, and the primer for ‘’RECP for SMEs’’ will assist for this objective. Primer on ”Resource efficiency and cleaner production ” has been elaborated within the framework of cooperation on “Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production Demonstration” project of UNIDO and REC Caucasus Armenia National Office, based on methodology targeting green economy promotion in the business sector. The Primer creates large opportunities for the implementation of ‘’better, cheaper, quicker’’ strategic objective within the business sector targeted by any company operating in a competitive marketplace. RECP applies proven preventive environmental approaches for improved resource productivity (reduced manufacturing costs and materials, use of energy and water), reduced environmental impact (less waste, emissions and pollution) and improved occupational and public health and safety.

By mainstreaming RECP into business and production cycle it will become possible to support and achieve

  • reduction of production and technology costs
  • increase of work effectiveness
  • possible improvement of the product quality
  • reduction of waste and air pollution costs
  • possible improvement of production conditions
  • improvement of the company`s status in different negotiation processes
  • Improvement of public opinion about the company.

We are hopeful that Primer will be become a practical tool for small and medium enterprises to improve enterprise performance by production of cleaner and more competitive products, as well as through efficient management of resources.

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31

Oct

First UNIDO RECP Stakeholder forum on Energy Efficiency for SMEs took place on 30th of October, in Ararat city
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UNIDO Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) Demonstration Component project organized the First RECP Stakeholder forum on Energy Efficiency within the context of RECP application for Small and Medium Businesses in Armenia. The forum took place on 30th of October, in the House of Culture of Ararat City Ararat Marz, RA.

The forum was aimed at implementation of the “Engage and learn” as well as “Engage and Refine” steps in RECP domestication process. The aim was to develop a domesticated argument for enterprises, governments, and civil society to consider and implement RECP, as well as demonstrate newly developed RECP introductory document “Primer”, and explain in what manner SMEs could benefit from RECP application etc. The aim was also enriching RECP by sharing experiences and perspectives, from enterprises, as well as ministries, leading civil society organizations, experts attended RECP forum, etc. to instill trust and facilitate understanding between stakeholder groupings, allowing momentum and partnerships for adopting RECP to naturally develop and mature (Agenda is attached).

The Deputy Minister of Nature Protection of RA Mr. Khachik Hakobyan, Deputy Minister of Energy and Natural resources of RA Mr. Hayk Harutyunyan, Ararat City Mayor Mr. Hayk Haykyan, and Head of UNIDO operations in Armenia Ms. Anahit Simonyan attended the forum. Representatives of international organizations, including UNFCCC, IFC, ARMSEFF, INOGATE, UNIDO RECP Ararat Green Club members, UNIDO RECP experts, SME representatives, representatives of institutes, producers and laboratories, media, NGOs and the Regional Environmental Centre of Caucasus team members, overall more than 40 participants were present (the list of participants is attached).

The Deputy Ministers, Head of UNIDO operations in Armenia and UNIDO RECP National coordinator welcomed the participants of the stakeholder forum and expressed their expectations from the organized forum.

UNIDO RECP National coordinator Ms. Nune Haruytunyan presented the importance of the energy efficient use for the country, its role and necessity in the RECP context, presented the aims and objectives of the effective and clean business directory, the role of the energy efficiency for the business. She spoke about customizing RECP approaches and proposing nationally appropriate rationales for uncovering business interest and desire to act on RECP. Ms. Nune Harutyunyan presented the key activities leading to green economy, introduced RECP project, RECP Techniques, methods and tools, improved housekeeping, better production process control, equipment modification, technology change, recycle and reuse of materials, useful byproduct and product modification (presentation is attached).

RECP Communication and Advocacy Expert Mr. Tigran Sekoyan presented the main short report aimed to promote debates about RECP domestication (comprising scaling up and mainstreaming) policy and strategy. He talked about RECP and in particular Energy Efficiency significance and benefits for every enterprise independent of the turnover, sphere of activity etc. (presentation is attached). RECP Communication and Advocacy Expert briefly presented also peculiarities of the Energy Consumption in RA and SMEs as well.

He also shortly presented RECP business benefits (expressed in Primer in plain language) while answering to the questions (presentation is attached).

All participants were given a voice they were able to express their standpoints without restrictions friendly or opposed. Forum welcome atmosphere allowed all participants to speak freely and nobody was singled out.

Thematical discussions were held; questions and answers, as well as recommendations were arisen during the forum among the representatives of different sectors and units about energy efficiency, cleaner production, state level policies, innovations, technologies, financial and economic tools, certificates for green businesses, etc.

Mr. Khachik Hakobyan suggested motivating mechanisms to be developed in the frames of the RECP project. Green certificates can be considered as a motivational tool and it must belong to private sector, not to the state. Certificates, which will demonstrate the proper performance of the organization based on RECP, accepted standards. He also mentioned that the certificate should provide long-term tangible results, thus there must be a unit, which will monitor the performance of those organizations to comply with the requirements.

Mr. Hayk Haykyan suggested to financially support communities, especially the smaller ones, which are lacking in own financial resources to implement improvements in terms of energy efficiency (replacement of the traditional lightening on the roads with energy efficient ones, modification of technologies wasting too much energy).

Mr. Hayk Harutyunyan said that RECP project application is especially important for Armenia, which is not rich with fossil resources. RECP and R2E2 Energy Efficiency projects should be respectively implemented in many as possible industrial facilities and public buildings. In Ararat city a project on energy efficiency will be implemented. He also added that the financial tools are also entering the market and that the risks on energy saving loans will change over time.

Ms. Anahit Simonyan mentioned that there is a problem of new technologies and innovations in majority of organizations and there is a need for investing new technologies in the businesses; they need investments with low interest rates to afford them. Anyway, RECP brings new thinking and new methods that must be used in production to become more competitive. The RECP family should decide: what needs to be done in country to localization and development of RECP way of thinking, principles, terminology and format in Armenia.

Mr. Gagik Makaryan suggested internationalizing the business organizations based on ISO standards accepted in the international markets. This is corresponding to the 5-th RECP business benefit, i.e. License-to-operate. He also presented the opportunities of UNIDO and RECC for the implementation of joint projects.

To the suggestion of one of the participants of the forum about promoting financial tools in the market Mr. Hayk Badalyan replied that the financial tools will enter the market from the next year and will rapidly grow as it will be available to many organizations.  He added that auditing on energy must be promoted in industry sector as well as in residential and public buildings and SMEs must have knowledge on RECP and in energy efficiency.

SME representatives mentioned that because of RECP implementation there should be evident economic, environmental and social benefits for business and consumers, as well as government and the country as a whole.

RECP Ararat Green Club members, media, NGOs representatives said that no businessperson would refuse to get an advice from a wise and experienced expert, especially the advisor like RECP. The main issue is lack of information regarding RECP in the rural SMEs. Awareness companies are essential for promotion of the Primer.

Ms. Nune Harutyunyan found it mandatory to include RECP based education in educational system, starting from kindergartens to give primary information on RECP to students.

Ms. Dshkhuhi Sahakyan presented the best practices of ‘’Kashi’’ OJSC, where she made expert assessments during the first RECP project phase. She introduced the assessment results from the visits.

Mr. Artur Tsughunyan made short presentation and showed that by combining electric and solar drying units a technology change for dry fruit production was performed in “Ervandashat agricultural association” consumer cooperative company. As a result of using solar energy the saving of electricity amounted to around 75% or 4.7 kWh annually. The reduction of CO2 emissions amounted to 2 tons. The annual saving is equal to 200 thousand AMD and the repayment period is 10 months.

Mr. Mkrtich Jalalyan said that RECP implementation would create a favorable situation regardless of the political environment and corruption risks that present in any country. He described the RECP benefits in HATM household union that produces construction materials and furniture currently used administrative spaces were optimized and matched with current production volumes i.e. improved housekeeping RECP technique was applied.

Mr. Hrant Ter-Gabrielyan found that there are gaps in the estimations done in organizations or public institutions which indirectly affect the savings. He also added that in case of green certificates the number of economic tools would increase in the market.

UNIDO RECP experts mentioned that implementation of RECP tools, methods are necessary for any industry and any company operating in a market economy and enterprises can contribute by active participation and promotion of RECP.

Mr. Aram Gabrielyan said that Natural resources are limited and humankind must fit in the limit of natural resource use.

Mr. Levon Vardanyan conclude that consistent work is needed to implement for domestication and development of RECP principles, tools, methods, terminology in Armenia and the Primer is the first step.

Other suggestions and recommendations included setting green filter as a clean production tool rising awareness on energy efficiency through newsletters, booklets, educational programs, creating collective partnership conditions (the document already exists on this issue) and using it as a platform, promoting energy audit and RECP audit service, as well as developing and piloting scale-able model for RECP in small businesses to show how business can achieve RECP benefits.

Ms. Nune Harutyunyan gave information about the key topics and forums. She invited the participants to take part in the planned forums for the next topics. The main points arisen during the forum were summarized and there were expectations to have some tangible results in energy efficient and cleaner production in near future.

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25

Oct

UNIDO Resource Efficiency and Cleaner Procuction Green Clubs in Ararat and Dilijan cities, Armenia
UNIDO Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) Demonstration component project www.recp.am is being implemented in the frames of Partnership for Environment and Growth (EaP GREEN) financed by the European Union. Regional Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) Demonstration Programme for Eastern Partnership Countries is called for scaling up resource efficient and cleaner production (CP) in small businesses through RECP Clubs for small and medium SMEs/enterprises. RECP project in Armenia is being implemented by the Armenian National Office of the Regional Environmental Centre for Caucasus www.rec-caucasus.am. RECP club component includes foundation of ‘’RECP Green Clubs’’ in pilot Ararat and Dilijan cities of Armenia, and later on, replication of current RECP approach in other cities and regions for inclusion of local SMEs dealing with food, beverage, construction and chemical production into RECP assessment cycle in support to more efficient use of resources, improved performance and economic benefits, innovative ideas for waste management and recycling, reduction of energy costs, targeting support to SMEs. The principal idea of a RECP Club is to bring together up to a dozen small businesses from the same region and take them jointly through an intensive training and coaching programme over a period of about 4 months, leading to a customized RECP action plan for all member companies on completion of the Club. The first two meetings in Ararat and Dilijan city will take place on 8th and 9th of October 2015 in collaboration with local municipalities who agreed to adapt green growth and promote RECP based on MOUs signed with RECP team. ‘’RECP Green Clubs’’ in the mentioned cities will be supported by relevant workshops for the neighboring community businesses on opportunities to undertake assessments of SMEs based on Resource efficient and cleaner production methodology (UNIDO). ‘’RECP Green Club’’ will implement twelve meetings in the selected cities in three months with participation of local business organizations interested in RECP. The topics for the RECP Club meetings are going to cover the business environmental profile, energy, water and wastewater, materials and waste, chemicals and chemical waste, and RECP action plan to be developed jointly with local SMEs and REC C. The RECP club aims and objectives, expectations, technical contents related to the problems of resource efficiency and waste, opportunities and benefits, RECP concept and functions, problems and solutions are going to be presented by RECP project team. SMEs will also be engaged in ‘’Developing RECP Action Plans’’ and together with RECP team will explore the needs and identify possible improvements within their own companies. More information on UNIDO RECP Demonstration component project can be found at www.recp.am. For queries please address RECP nune.harutyunyan@rec-caucasus.org.
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28

Apr

National Conference on UNIDO ”Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production” (RECP) Demonstration Component Project of the EAP Green Programme of the EU in Armenia
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On 28th of April National Conference was organized for “Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production’’ (RECP) project in Armenia implemented by United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) in co-operation with Regional environmental center for Caucasus, Armenia National Office and financed by the European Union (EU) within “Greening Economies in the Eastern Neighborhood” (EaP Green) initiative. The National Conference took place at ''Ani Plaza'' hotel. RECP conference discussed project progress and main results achieved, as well as the business cases on RECP demonstration component project of Armenia. The conference was attended by Mr. Rene Van Berkel, Chief of Industrial Resource Efficiency Unit, UNIDO, Mr. John Barker, International Aid/cooperation officer, Ms. Anahit Simonyan, Head of UNIDO Operations in Armenia, Dr Zinaida Fadeeva, Senior Specialist of Policy & Strategy at United Nations University, Professor Thomas Lindhqvist from Lund University, Ms. Nune Harutyunyan, UNIDO RECP National Coordinator, Ms. Ruzanna Alaverdyan Deputy Minister of the Ministry of Urban Development, RA, representatives of SMEs, demonstration organizations which participated in RECP assessments, representatives of Regional Environmental Center of Caucasus, as well as large number of government agencies, civil society, experts, academia and professional industrial unions. National Conference organizers mentioned that the aim of the conference is to gather representatives of SMEs, demonstration organizations chosen within the frames of the RECP project, as well as large number of government agencies, civil society, experts, academia and professional industrial unions. International Aid/cooperation officer, Mr. John Barker also welcomed the participants. He emphasized on the importance of RECP project for the development of Armenian economy. The Deputy Minister of the Ministry of Urban Development of RA, Ms. Ruzanna Alaverdyan greeted the conference participants and expressed her willingness to get introduced to the project results. Ms. Nune Harutyunyan, UNIDO RECP National Coordinator, welcomed the participants and emphasized on the importance of the project for the demonstration organizations. Mr. Rene Van Berkel, Chief of Industrial Resource Efficiency Unit, UNIDO talked about the importance of Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) project for better enterprises, cleaner environment and green economy. Ms. Nune Harutyunyan, UNIDO RECP National Coordinator included in her speech the Progress and results achieved of the Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production Demonstration Project of the EaP GREEN Programme in Armenia. The national experts working with the demonstration organizations in the first phase of the RECP project frames were given certificates, certifying the quality of the honorable work done in the organizations. The certificates were given to experts by Mr. John Barker, Mr. Rene Van Berkel, Ms. Anahit Simonyan and Ms. Nune Harutyunyan. UNIDO RECP, Administrator Mr. Tigran Oganezov presented the profiles of demonstration companies. Mr. Oganezov mentioned that the project phase was successfully accomplished by achieving significant results within the companies. The RECP project was highly useful for the companies to find out the areas where they were lacking in and getting experts` recommendations on how to improve those issues. Mr. Oganezov also mentioned all the demonstration organizations that were selected within the RECP project frames. Mr. Oganezov`s speech was followed by the review of RECP assessments at the demonstration organizations carried out by RECP national experts. Along with the assessments the experts worked and developed business cases for each of the demonstration organizations involving comprehensive data and accurate calculations for energy, water, electricity and gas waste in the production processes, efficiency losses, priority management issues, opportunity losses for cost reduction and revenue increase. Mr. Rene Van Berkel and UNIDO RECP National Coordinator, Ms. Nune Harutyunyan presented the project activities of RECP work plan of 2015-2016. Mr. Rene Van Berkel thanked all the participants for their active participation in the National Conference and expressed his willingness to cooperate in the near future to achieve more results at the national level.
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13

Mar

Local Environmental Action Plan (LEAP) For Jermuk City, Project Official Closing Conference
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On 13th of March, 2015 closing conference was organized by Regional Environmental Center of Caucasus Armenian Branch Office and Jermuk representatives in the frames of Local Environmental Action Plan project carried out in Jermuk city. The meeting was attended by the Mayor of Jermuk city, Mr. Vardan Harutyunyan, other representatives of the city government, representatives of Jermuk city, experts working within the project frames, GeoTeam representatives and REC Caucasus team. The aim of the closing conference was to summarize and discuss achievements and results that were achieved within the project, classify main issues, problems, initiatives, threats and opportunities for Jermuk city. Along with this the book for Jermuk LEAPs written and published by REC Caucasus team and Jermuk representatives was presented and handled to participants of the conference. The LEAP project in Jermuk city was implemented successfully by highly coordinated work of the project team members Ms. Nune Haruytunyan, Ms. Dshkhuhi Sahakyan, Ms. Emma Avoyan, Mr. Tigran Oganezov, local experts, Jermuk city representatives, local authorities and Jermuk city local coordinator Ms. Lilit Zohrabyan. The starting speech of the meeting was made by the Mayor of Jermuk City Mr. Vardan Hovhannisyan. He welcomed the participants of the meeting and talked about the benefits that projects similar to LEAP will have for their city. Mr. Hovhannisyan provided some background information about the city, its profile. He emphasized that there is an importance of finding out vulnerable sectors of the city and working on them in the frames of similar projects. The representative of the Ministry of Nature Protection of RA, Ms. Larisa Kharatovna welcomed the participants.  She thanked the Regional Environmental Center of Caucasus Armenian Branch Office and mentioned that numerous projects have been implemented by the close cooperation of the Government of Jermuk with RECC. She summed up her speech by wishing good luck in further projects planned. REC Caucasus director Ms. Nune Harutyunyan thanked all the participants for taking part in the conference. She mentioned that the current problems cannot be fully solved until all the parties taking part in the project change their mentalities, understanding that it is their own benefit to cooperate and help to solve the problems of their city. According to Ms. Harutyunyan the book for Jermuk has been written for the city population as an informative brochure about their city, its threats, strengths and opportunities. At the end of her speech Ms. Haruytunyan pointed that fund raising is a must to implement further projects on the city. In his speech REC Caucasus project coordinator, Mr. Tigran Oganezov mentioned that during the project they have raised main threatening issues present in the city. They analyzed them, and calculated the amount of financial resources needed. Project national expert Ms. Dshkhuhi Sahakyan emphasized the importance of struggling to keep Jermuk city the way it is, without harming its environment, but adding some new flavors to it. In her speech Ms. Sahakyan added also that the English version of Jermuk book must be available to internationally introduce the city of Jermuk. She pointed that the book is quite accessible, detailed and emphasizes on different sectors of the city with their full description. According to the experts the book of Jermuk will serve as an informative guide for all those who want to get information about the city and its different sectors. It is an informative document about the city current situation. Experts also mentioned that the project was successfully implemented by the active involvement of Jermuk citizens which provided with more accurate data on different sectors. Due to the involvment the citizens turned their attention on the environmental issues of their own city. Geoteam CJSC Sustainable Development senior manager Mr. Armen Stepanyan presented the Amulsar project. He also presented the mitigation measures that must be taken to minimize the negative impact on the environment of Jermuk as a resort cernter. He mentioned that before the project start-up they need to be assured that the population of Jermuk is aware and introduced properly to the project details to avoid further conflicts. The Jermuk city representatives expressed their willingness to organize a separate meeting where the project of Amulsar with all its details (risks, negative environmental impacts from mining, opportunities, threats, alternatives, etc.) will be introduced. The suggestion was accepted and the meeting is going to be organized in the near future. The closing conference focused mainly on the LEAP project benefits that were achieved as a result of the project implementation. As a summarization the following achieved due to the project implementation are present:
  • Problems and urgent issues uncovered in Jermuk city;
  • Active involvement of local authorities and city representatives in solving environmental issues of their own city;
  • Attracting government representatives` and population attention on vulnerable issues of the city;
  • Presenting the environmental description of Jermuk city about various sectors in Jermuk book;
  • Calculating financial resources needed to solve the major environmental issues of the city;
  • Presenting the city of Jermuk internationally (during conference in Geneva).
The project of Jermuk LEAP was successfully implemented and continuation of such projects is warmly welcomed by the city representatives. On 13th of March, 2015 closing conference was organized by Regional Environmental Center of Caucasus Armenian Branch Office and Jermuk representatives in the frames of Local Environmental Action Plan project carried out in Jermuk city. The meeting was attended by the Mayor of Jermuk city, Mr. Vardan Harutyunyan, other representatives of the city government, representatives of Jermuk city, experts working within the project frames, GeoTeam representatives and REC Caucasus team. The aim of the closing conference was to summarize and discuss achievements and results that were achieved within the project, classify main issues, problems, initiatives, threats and opportunities for Jermuk city. Along with this the book for Jermuk LEAPs written and published by REC Caucasus team and Jermuk representatives was presented and handled to participants of the conference. The LEAP project in Jermuk city was implemented successfully by highly coordinated work of the project team members Ms. Nune Haruytunyan, Ms. Dshkhuhi Sahakyan, Ms. Emma Avoyan, Mr. Tigran Oganezov, local experts, Jermuk city representatives, local authorities and Jermuk city local coordinator Ms. Lilit Zohrabyan. The starting speech of the meeting was made by the Mayor of Jermuk City Mr. Vardan Hovhannisyan. He welcomed the participants of the meeting and talked about the benefits that projects similar to LEAP will have for their city. Mr. Hovhannisyan provided some background information about the city, its profile. He emphasized that there is an importance of finding out vulnerable sectors of the city and working on them in the frames of similar projects. The representative of the Ministry of Nature Protection of RA, Ms. Larisa Kharatovna welcomed the participants.  She thanked the Regional Environmental Center of Caucasus Armenian Branch Office and mentioned that numerous projects have been implemented by the close cooperation of the Government of Jermuk with RECC. She summed up her speech by wishing good luck in further projects planned. REC Caucasus director Ms. Nune Harutyunyan thanked all the participants for taking part in the conference. She mentioned that the current problems cannot be fully solved until all the parties taking part in the project change their mentalities, understanding that it is their own benefit to cooperate and help to solve the problems of their city. According to Ms. Harutyunyan the book for Jermuk has been written for the city population as an informative brochure about their city, its threats, strengths and opportunities. At the end of her speech Ms. Haruytunyan pointed that fund raising is a must to implement further projects on the city. In his speech REC Caucasus project coordinator, Mr. Tigran Oganezov mentioned that during the project they have raised main threatening issues present in the city. They analyzed them, and calculated the amount of financial resources needed. Project national expert Ms. Dshkhuhi Sahakyan emphasized the importance of struggling to keep Jermuk city the way it is, without harming its environment, but adding some new flavors to it. In her speech Ms. Sahakyan added also that the English version of Jermuk book must be available to internationally introduce the city of Jermuk. She pointed that the book is quite accessible, detailed and emphasizes on different sectors of the city with their full description. According to the experts the book of Jermuk will serve as an informative guide for all those who want to get information about the city and its different sectors. It is an informative document about the city current situation. Experts also mentioned that the project was successfully implemented by the active involvement of Jermuk citizens which provided with more accurate data on different sectors. Due to the involvment the citizens turned their attention on the environmental issues of their own city. Geoteam CJSC Sustainable Development senior manager Mr. Armen Stepanyan presented the Amulsar project. He also presented the mitigation measures that must be taken to minimize the negative impact on the environment of Jermuk as a resort cernter. He mentioned that before the project start-up they need to be assured that the population of Jermuk is aware and introduced properly to the project details to avoid further conflicts. The Jermuk city representatives expressed their willingness to organize a separate meeting where the project of Amulsar with all its details (risks, negative environmental impacts from mining, opportunities, threats, alternatives, etc.) will be introduced. The suggestion was accepted and the meeting is going to be organized in the near future. The closing conference focused mainly on the LEAP project benefits that were achieved as a result of the project implementation. As a summarization the following achieved due to the project implementation are present:
  • Problems and urgent issues uncovered in Jermuk city;
  • Active involvement of local authorities and city representatives in solving environmental issues of their own city;
  • Attracting government representatives` and population attention on vulnerable issues of the city;
  • Presenting the environmental description of Jermuk city about various sectors in Jermuk book;
  • Calculating financial resources needed to solve the major environmental issues of the city;
  • Presenting the city of Jermuk internationally (during conference in Geneva).
The project of Jermuk LEAP was successfully implemented and continuation of such projects is warmly welcomed by the city representatives.              
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28

Aug

Forest/Biodiversity
forest
Forests provide important benefits to rural communities including wood for construction and fuel, non-wood forest products such as mushrooms, berries, nuts and medicinal plants, and grazing for domestic animals. They protect villages from landslides and floods and prevent erosion of agricultural lands. Forests also provide wider benefits which are important at a national and even global level: they are an important storehouse for biodiversity; they help protect water supplies and water quality; and they contribute to climate change mitigation by sequestering. Many forests in the Caucasus region, which are used by rural communities have been, and are continuing to be, degraded. The communities which are using the forests do not have an incentive to take care of the forests: they do not own the forests; they do not have secure rights; in some cases they need the land for grazing their animals; and the people know that if they do not take the benefits someone else will, therefore it is better to take them while they are available. State forestry authorities do not always have the resources to be able to prevent unsustainable use and the local self-government bodies which are responsible for forests do not have the resources and technical knowledge. Conflicts can arise between the objectives and activities of the organisation which is responsible for managing a forest territory and rural people who use the forest territory or for whom the territory has some special cultural significance. Conflicts are more likely in cases where communities have acquired customary rights and where the forest management organisation’s use of the forest ignores those rights. REC Caucasus addresses these environmental problems by consulting with communities and by making information about forest management plans and activities easily accessible to wide audiences.   Our projects: Fostering Community Forest Policy and Practice The project aims to promote the adoption of policies that are pro-community involvement, to elaborate the legal framework necessary for implementing community forestry, and to provide recommendations on technical aspects of implementing community forestry. The aim of the project is to raise awareness and build capacity of local communities and local authorities for sustainable forest management and demonstration of methods of restoring and improving degraded forests. The project contributes to implementing policies and measures called for by international agreements, including agreements made in the framework of the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Forest Europe process.
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01

Aug

Newsletters
From now on our visitors will be able to find the latest, as well as the oldest versions of Newsletters (starting from 2012). Our administrative team works hard on keeping web-site visitors informed about upcoming events, events that took place, new projects ideas and a lot more. Below you can find Newsletters issued on different dates, choose the one needed, and download to your computer for further reading purposes.
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20

Jun

Who We Are

THE REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL CENTRE FOR THE CAUCASUS

The Regional Environmental Centre for the Caucasus (REC Caucasus) is an independent, non-for-profit organisation, established to assist in solving environmental problems as well as development of the civic society in the countries of the South Caucasus. MISSION The mission of the REC Caucasus is determined as “to assist in solving of environmental problems in the Caucasus region through the promotion of co-operation at national and regional level among NGOs, governments, business, local communities, and all other environmental stakeholders, in order to develop a free exchange of information, in line with the principles of the Aarhus Convention; offer assistance to all environmental NGOs and other stakeholders; and increase public participation in the decision-making process, thereby assisting the states of the Caucasus in the further development of a democratic civil society”. FOUNDERS OF REC CAUCASUS REC Caucasus has been established within the framework of the "Environment for Europe Process" based on the decision made at the Sofia Ministerial Conference in 1995. The founding document of REC Caucasus - its Charter - was signed in September 1999 by the governments of Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia and the European Union. In March 2000 REC Caucasus was officially registered as an independent, not-for-profit, non-advocacy foundation in Tbilisi, Georgia. OUR DONORS The work of REC CAUCASUS is being supported by:  European Commission (EC), Government of Germany, Government of the Netherlands, Government of Norway, Global Environment Facility (GEF), Deutche Gasellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), Eurasian Partnership Foundation, German Financial Cooperation (KFW), Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the Principality of Liechtenstein and others. Work of the organisation is supported by the EU, US EPA, Denmark, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Principality of Liechtenstein, the Netherlands, Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF), etc. STRUCTURE  Headquarters of REC Caucasus are located in Tbilisi, Georgia. The organisation has also branch offices in Yerevan, Armenia and Baku, Azerbaijan. REC Caucasus is managed by the Executive Body – a collegial Troika consisting of representatives of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia.  REC Caucasus is directed by the Board of Directors which comprises representatives from the governments of the three founding states, representatives of NGOs from all three states, a donor representative and a science/ business representative. OVERALL GOALS REC Caucasus has been established:
  • to serve environmental stakeholders within and outside the South Caucasus region: national and local governments, NGOs, media, business, local communities, science, international community, teachers, students, children, etc;
  • to contribute to the improvement of the Caucasus environment by facilitating introduction and implementation of global, European, regional and national environmental policies;
  • to provide a gateway for dialogue, networking and cooperation among environmental stakeholders and partners at global, regional, national and local levels;
STAKEHOLDERS The REC Caucasus serves the following stakeholders in the three countries of the South Caucasus region:
  • National and Local Governments
  • NGOs
  • Media
  • Teachers
  • Students
  • Business
  • Science
  • Community Based Organisations, as well as
  • International Community.
REC CAUCASUS AT WORK: SERVING AS A "BRIDGE" REC Caucasus successfully implements its mission through various programmes and projects throughout the Caucasus region. One of the tasks of REC Caucasus serves as a “bridge” between the public and governments. REC Caucasus assists its stakeholders in capacity building through provision of information, advice, and expertise and to encourage dialogue, cooperation and public participation in environmental decision-making. REC Caucasus plays an active role in inter-agency cooperation, too. The organisation together with active environmental NGOs and the ministries of environment promotes the idea of environmental protection and sustainable development in the South Caucasus countries, demonstrating examples and arguments of direct links of environmental degradation and destruction with the growth of poverty, migration, economic recession, etc., i.e. other components (social and  economic) of sustainable development. REC CAUCASUS AT WORK: IMPROVING THE ENVIRONMENT Since its establishment the Regional Environmental Centre for the Caucasus has implemented about 60 medium and large scale projects in the region which have contributed to policy development, capacity building, facilitation of dialogue and networking, information exchange on environmental issues and supporting the civil society in the South Caucasus states. Capacity building and training of various environmental stakeholders at regional, national and local levels have been provided throughout project implementation. REC Caucasus has strong experience in providing trainings to different interest groups and deep knowledge on their needs, demands and constraints. REC Caucasus is well positioned in South Caucasus region to assist various national and international organizations to implement their activities targeted on the needs of the region, countries and specific stakeholders. REC Caucasus has strong capacity to address environmental issues related to Rio Conventions and other international covenants  simultaneously at national and regional levels. REC Caucasus has been addressing  environmental challenges in the region through implementation of local and regional initiatives and projects based on regional platform, strengthened capacity of  technical expertise on preservation of biodiversity, climate change (mitigation and adaptation), management of transboundary water resources, sustainable management of natural resources, fighting land degradation, disaster risk reduction, sustainable forest management, capacity development and research learning. REC Caucasus has proven to be a viable and independent organisation providing services to governments, local authorities, non-governmental organisations, businesses, international organisations and other environmental stakeholders. REC CAUCASUS ENGAGEMENT IN INTERNATIONAL PROCESSES Environment for Europe and Cooperation with OECD Environmental Action Plan Task Force (EAP TF) Since the beginning of 2010 RECC is actively involved and participates at the meetings of UNECE Committee on Environmental Policy. Preparatory activities to the Seven Pan-European Ministerial Meeting on Environment held in Astana in 2011 were in the focus. Moreover, based on negotiations with European Environmental Agency (EEA) on elaboration of pan-European assessment on environment, RECC in partnership with other RECs  and EEA,  was involved in elaboration of  Assessment of  Assessment Report. RECC has finalized the regional Assessments on Water Eco-system and Green Economy. The reports are available on RECC web site, www.rec-caucasus.org. RECC has also participated at OECD EAP TF Bureau meeting. With Reference to Belgrade decisions during annual meeting  the EAP Task Force discussed and broadly endorsed the proposed draft Consolidated Programme of Work and Budget of the EAP Task Force for 2008 that was jointly prepared by the OECD/EAP Task Force secretariat and EECCA RECs.  The programme consists of  three parts: activities to be jointly implemented by OECD and EECCA RECs; activities to be implemented by OECD alone; and activities to be implemented by EECCA RECs alone. At the same time, RECC along with other EECCA RECs and OECD, is focused on elaboration of post-Astana mandate and strategy of EAP Task Force. The major inputs of EECCA RECs to the EAP Task Force will be as follows:
  • Integration of the concept of Green Growth into economic development of EECCA (sub-regional approach)
  • EAP Task Force input to Rio+20.
Environment and Security Initiative The role and involvement of the REC Caucasus into Environmental and Security Initiative was discussed at the regional meeting conducted in Tbilisi in March 2009. In light of the current political situation after the August events and taking into consideration that OSCE stopped its operations in Georgia, the potential role of REC Caucasus in coordinating certain activities/projects under the umbrella of the EnvSec has been discussed with major partners of the process, as well as with the Chairman of the ENVSEC Board. Willingness to see the REC Caucasus in the process has been officially stated by the Governmental representatives as well. EU Eastern Partnership Initiative and the Civil Society Forum RECC applied and was selected again  to participate at the Civil Society Forum under EU Eastern partnership in 2010. Moreover, REC is a permanent member of third platform under Eastern partnership CSF on Energy and Environment. REC C has been participating in EC call under the Eastern Partnership Flagship projects; “ENPI – programme for the prevention, preparedness and response to natural and man-made disasters”  and in the Framework Agreement for promotion of Shared Environmental Information System. Bearing in mind the multilateral approach of the Eastern Partnership Initiative RECC  is going to coordinate national energy security and environmental panel on the regional level. For this, several consultations and meetings with national SCOs have been conducted. In future years, RECC will have to strengthen the role of the regional coordinator of the Eastern Partnership Initiative. Council of Europe RECC initiated process of involvement into Council of Europe activities in 2009, particularly to be involved at  Council of Europe Conference of Ministers Responsible for Spatial/Regional Planning (CEMAT). Status of observer for the RECC has been negotiated with CoE. RECC sent an official letter for getting the status of observer in CEMAT which was submitted to the Head of the Cultural Heritage, Landscape and Spatial Planning Division. During the next CEMAT session Committee of Senior Officials will discuss possibilities for RECC to be granted the status of observer. RECC has been requested to re-submit its application since CEMAT has undergone some restructurization, and members of the Committee were changed. International Network of Basin Management Organisations REC Caucasus has become a member of EECCA Network of basin management organisations as part of International Network of Basin Management Organisation’s family. Director of the International Office for Water (France) that is REC’ sub-contractor  under “Creation of Enabling Environment for Integrated Management of the Kura-Aras Transboundary Rivers Basin” project, is serving as executive secretary for  International Network of Basin Management Organisations. RECC being a member of INBO is taking active participation at its annual conferences. UNFCCC RECC was actively participating in different negotiations and CSO meetings within the UNFCCC. Engagement of RECC in the work of the UNFCCC increased awareness of the ongoing processes and provided opportunities to get involved into different climate change related activities and projects.  One of such initiatives is elaboration of the South Caucasus climate change and Gender strategy together with IUCN USA office. Joint proposal was elaborated and submitted for the donors’ (Government of Finland) consideration. World Water Forum 6. RECC has been invited to the first regional consultations meeting in December 21, 2010 by International Office for Water, which is a regional coordinator for organization of the World Water Forum 6 to be held in 2012 in France. During the meeting RECC have been nominated as a member of the European Regional Steering Committee. Currently RECC is working over the organization of the regional conference for the preparation to the WWF6. We have to note that it is the first time, when RECC participate in the preparation of the World Water Forum, which of course give an opportunity to be involved into the international water policy making processes and as well to deliver the regional messages. Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction and World Reconstruction Conference RECC has participated in  the Third Session of the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction and World Reconstruction Conference  in Geneva (May 2011) as part of the official government delegation, and presented the outcomes of the “Views from Frontline” project piloting community disaster risk reduction in the regions. Subsequent outcome report and recommendations on implementation of Hyogo Framework for Action were presented in different side events and plenaries, as well as to UNISDR and Global Network for Disaster Reduction. REC CAUCASUS FOR GOVERNMENTS In the beginning of 2003 REC Caucasus initiated the process for applying LEAPs methodoloy to the South Caucasus countries. Since then the pilot projets: Local Environmental Action Plans (LEAPs) have been developed and implemented in the three selected cities of the South Caucasus - Ararat, Ganja and Kutaisi. The LEAPs documents have been developed in close cooperation with the local authorities and citizens. Final documents published in Russian and national languages were presented at hte final city conference and the memorandums of understanding between the city mayors and REC Caucasus were signed. According the memorandus the local goverments took the responsibility to integrate LEAPs in city development plans and implement priority actions identified in LEAP. An important component of the LEAPs process is provision of financial support to implement some of the LEAPs environmental solutions. For this purpose REC Caucasus initiated a small Grants Programme and provided funding for 15 projects ranging from environmental awareness and education initiatives to low-cost, pollution reduction and environmental improvements in each of the LEAP cities. This included small grants for local governments to encourage partnership with business and/or NGOs, as well as small grants for NGOs. Projects addressed improving drinking water supply and irrigation systems, improving waste management, planting of greenery and raising environmental awareness. The LEAPs Programme helps decision-makers in local and regional governments, industries, and NGOs to rank environmental protection needs, develop action plans to address priority problems and implement cost-effective actions that reduce pollution and save consumers’ and industries’ money. Moreover, the following projects and activities have been undertaken within the framework of the environmental policy and LEAPs Programme to support governmental initiatives in the South Caucasus countries:
  • Sub-regional training for inspectorates “Improving environmental compliance assurance in the Caucasus” (2003) – in cooperation with OECD EAP Task Force;
  • Government needs assessment (2004);
  • Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) Capacity Building in the South Caucasus: Towards a Coherent Strategy (2004-2005)
  • Introducing SEA in the South Caucasus: Learning Lessons and Transferring Experiences (2006).
REC FOR LOCAL COMMUNITIES REC Caucasus assisted local communities through implementation of projects supported within the framework of Small Grants Programme "Sustainable Development of Caspian Coastal Communities". The goal of this Programme was to reduce and prevent the overuse of natural resources of the Caspian Sea region by assisting coastal communities to develop alternative and sustainable sources of livelihood, and in general to promote sustainable economic development. The Small Grants Programme, administered by the Regional Environmental Centre for Central Asia in collaboration with REC Caucasus and the Russian REC, financed more than 150 Projects changing lives of the local communities to the better. Grants from 1,000 to 2,500 Euro have been allocated to The Small Grants Programme, administered by the Regional Environmental Centre for Central Asia in collaboration with REC Caucasus and the Russian REC, financed more than 150 Projects changing lives of the local communities to the better. Grants form 1,000 to 2,500 Euro have been allocated to
  • setup new small companies and create additional jobs that contribute to sustainable development and improved quality of life of the local communities;
  • implement pilot projects on environment rehabilitationon;
  • train community members in additional professional skills to ensure a more sustainable economic base in small villages of the Caspian coastal area.
REC CAUCASUS FOR LOCAL BUSINESSES  Promotion of Cleaner Production and Energy efficiency technology through development of business planning practices for Cleaner Production and Energy efficiency projects

The overall objective of this project is to contribute to sustainable development and minimise environmental impact from industrial sector by stimulating small and medium size enterprises (SMEs). The objective will be reached via increase of SME’s capability in the preparation of financial documentation for CP and EE projects. The increased possibility for getting the financial resources from local and international financial institutions, will improve their (SME’s) operation capabilities to become more economically efficient, while becoming more environmentally friendly and reducing their demand on locally scarce resources.

Project scope: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia

Donor: Government of the Netherlands
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22

Apr

Development of Mew modules for International Bachelor and Master Programmes in Sustainable Tourism Management

Development of new modules for international bachelor and master programmes in sustainable tourism management

Duration

15.11.2012 – 14.10.2015 (3 years)

Objective

A multi-country project to modernize curricula in sustainable tourism management (SuToMa) and develop a joint understanding about the principles.

Occasion

Tourism is a regional priority for the Caucasus but an underdeveloped field in all three countries. Especially for Europeans the entire Caucasus is a fascinating area with a rich cultural history and biodiversity/the cradle of European mankind.

Our perspective

Only a sustainable regional development within the tourism sector meets the expectations of these target groups and guarantees a long- term economic, social and ecological welfare for local people and following generations.

Partners

30 universities, enterprises and NGOs in Azerbaijan, Armenia and Georgia. European partners in Ireland and Latvia

Targets

12 new modules for innovative topics, such as
  • integration of theory and praxis,
  • intercultural communication,
  • eLearning and IT technologies, to be implemented in existing and new BSc. and MSc,
  • study programmes, accredited with ECTS
  • interdisciplinary approach such as agriculture, tourism and business studies.

Outcomes

  • a common understanding of sustainability and regional development
  • modules created according to the Bologna standards
  • comparable qualification standards
  • new methods and materials for teacher and tutor training
  • formal integration of practical placements in the curricula
  • regular monitoring of milestones
  • implementation of eLearning platform
  • new international academic cooperation

Chronology

Development of modules: first year Training of teachers: second year Testing with students: third year
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31

Oct

The 1st Georgian Channel broadcasts RECC activities
1351668107
During October 25-27 within the EU funded project ”Fostering Community Forest Policy and Practice in Mountain Regions of the Caucasus” Regional Environmental Centre for the Caucasus (RECC) held two day training and one day on-job training for the communities of Gebi, Chiora, Glola, of Oni Municipality. About 80 participants were trained based on the community forest management plans, specially developed for the three villages within the framework of this project. The planting activity was broadcasted by the 1st Georgian Channel; the footage is avaliable on the following page: http://www.rec-caucasus.org/photoVideo.php?id=1314690928&lang=en
The overall objective of the project is fostering community forest policy and practice to address the following problems:
  1.  deforestation and climate change issues
  2.  secured land tenure and forest community rights
  3.  rural poverty reduction
  4.  diminishing regional and national tensions and the risks of insurrections let by alienated elements among population
  5.  conservation and sustainable development of local communities
Community forest management The management plans include 10-years action plan on sustainable forest utilization and covers the following topics:
  •       forest management (inventory, monitoring, harvesting, reforestation, protection)
  •       socio-economic aspects
  •       consumption  of non-timber resources
  •       usage  recreational potential.
The project is regional and similar activities are held in Republic of Armenia, Azerbaijan Republic and Russian Federation.                   Landscape Restoration Activities Regional project``Support Development of Biodiversity Conservation Policies and Practices in Mountain Regions of the South Caucasus``, implemented by Regional Environmental Centre for the Caucasus (RECC) with financial support of Government of Norway is currently underway in Oni Municipality of Racha Region. Major goal of the project is to build capacity of local communities and authorities to address biodiversity loss in forest ecosystems of mountain regions of South Caucasus in order to improve participatory biodiversity management. Jointly with EU funded project ”Fostering Community Forest Policy and Practice in Mountain Regions of the Caucasus”  is carrying out reforestation activities in Ghebi community.

Representatives of Ghebi Community proposed initiative to cultivate nut-trees on the adjacent area of the village. Mentioned initiative was shared and supported by the representatives of local authorities. As a result 2000 walnuts seedlings (from 3 to 5 yaer) are being planted on three plots (5 ha in total) in surrounding areas of Ghebi community. Villagers  from the community actively participate in planting activities. At the same time they have been provided with suitable practical skills and knowledge on planting and maintain activities of wallnuts seedlings, as a follow up activity. It should been mentioned that nut-tree (Juglans regia) is included in the Red List of Georgia as vulnerable species.

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12

Jun

REC Caucasus publishes Newsletters
1339501147
REC Caucasus is pleased to inform you about newly published newsletters within the framework of the EU-funded project "Fostering Community Forest Policy and Practice in Mountain Regions of the Caucasus". The newsletters includes information on landscape resotation activities in pilot communities, joint stakeholder workshops and series of trainings conducted within the project, as well as public awareness initiatives, success stories and visibility action overview. The publication has been produced with the assistance of the European Union.  
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23

Mar

Improvement of environmental liability regime: introduction of methodology for valuation of environmental damage
Armenia and Georgia, two South Caucasus countries, determined to establish a sovereign, democratic, social state governed by rule of law, have adopted a policy to shift toward market relations in the economy. In order to implement this policy, a process of economic reforms based on liberal values has been initiated. In the current social and economic situation, all countries have overcome a period of drastic collapse and for more than five-seven year almost two-digit economic growth rate is registered in the countries. It has become of utmost importance to ensure sound bases for long-term economic development, which becomes increasingly urgent in a situation when there is an issue of maintaining growth rates, on the one hand, and increasing its effectiveness, on the other. In this context, economic progress requires mainly qualitative improvements, which ultimately leads to the necessity to ensure qualitative economic development along with quantitative growth. Qualitative improvements are those factors that will ensure a general increase in the level of life quality by utilizing economic growth results for the improvement of the public life standards in the country. The overall objective of the project is to improve environmental management system in the countries through enhancement of the environmental liability regimes. The specific objectives of the project are: 1. To develop modern methodology for estimation of the monetary value of damage caused as a result of environmental pollution and exploitation of natural resources at the national level. 2. To design and implement pilots in selected sectors to illustrate how the elaborated methodology would work in practice and explore replication opportunity at country level. Project Duration: 15 months Donor: Government of Netherlands  Concept Note   Notwithstanding the fact that two countries have  adopted the main principles of sustainable development (economic, social, environmental) and will pursue the following principle – "economic development and the environmental system are not ends but means to ensure normal conditions for and satisfactory level of the process of sustainable development of a person," the economic development in Armenia and Georgia in the upcoming years will continue to be of a man-caused nature and in this regard the solution of existing environmental problems (issues) in the Republics will become more complicated and more expensive. Even for the maintenance of the current state of the natural environment in the countries the society, the state, local self-governance bodies and business entities will need to carry out additional environmental activities and make additional expenses. Underestimation of the damage caused to natural resources and the environment in general results in a forged presentation of economic development and progress figures. Today, traditional macroeconomic indicators accepted in this field /gross domestic product, income per capita and others/ overlook environmental degradation, ignore the decrease in natural resources. Thus, exploitation of resources, i.e. loss of natural resources often is regarded as a net income. In this way a possibility to deteriorate natural resources and to pollute the environment emerges. Underestimation of damage caused to the environment or failure to record such damage in expenses, in its turn, brings about distortions of major macroeconomic figures, such as, for example, gross domestic product (GDP) or net domestic product (NDP). When the mechanism for compensation of environmental and economic damage (based on "The polluter pays" principle) does not work effectively, then this results in corresponding real losses for business entities or the population. According to estimations made by Western scientists, this kind of damage in developed countries comprises 3-5% of GDP. No such calculations or relevant assessments were carried out in South Caucasus states. The absence of above-mentioned studies does not allow assessing the real picture of the country's economic development in terms of sustainable development, that is, real gains and losses in the economy become non-comparable. On the other hand, in a situation when relevant studies were not conducted and (or) were absent, real scopes of the damage already caused and being caused as a result of the pollution of environment are not assessed. This is the reason why economic mechanisms aimed at the reduction of the scope of environmental damage (the system of environmental fees and fees for the use of natural resources) operate less effectively, because the tariffs do not correspond to/are not equivalent to the real scopes of damage already caused or being caused as a result of pollution of environment. Moreover, there is a clear tendency observed in the countries that pollution taxes did not provided any significant incentive for pollution abatement measures; rather, they mainly served to generate revenues for the Government budget. The system remains underdeveloped in EECCA, where it is still based on the Soviet concept of “compensation for damages” and is seldom put into practice. The existing state-approved methodologies for environmental damage assessment are speculative, inaccurate, and often too complex to present to courts that are supposed to adjudicate on these issues. In these conditions, it has become necessary to examine the actual scope of damage caused to the environment in the GDP structure and its influence on GDP, which, in its turn, will enable to calculate the real scope (volume) of damage caused by environmental pollution and exploitation of natural resources.   Country's Situation Armenia   The development of Armenian economy in the coming years will continue to have a technological nature and as a result, solutions to environmental problems in the country will become more complicated and more costly. Even in the current conditions, the preservation of Armenia’s environment requires additional environmental measures and expenditures on the side of the public, the state, local governments and enterprises. Following traditional economic indicators might lead to negative consequences for Armenia in the near future.  Those indicators can be rapidly improved (and thus formally achieve economic stability and end the economic crisis) through accelerated logging in forests, relentless use of all mines, using cheap "unclean" technologies, etc., which, unfortunately, is currently taking place in the country to some extent. However, the extremely negative ecological consequences of this state of the affairs for many regions of the country are obvious. In order to reduce harmful influence on the environment and to maintain efficient (sustainable) use of natural resources in Armenia (regulatory role), as well as to generate financial resources (increase cash flows) to make environmental investment and to fill the budget (fiscal role), the  Law on Environmental and Nature Use Charges and pertinent bylaws have been adopted and introduced a certain set of economic tools (environmental and nature use charges) in 1998-2000 (charges are paid for water use, mining of useful underground resources, use of biological resources, disposal of hazardous substances into the environment, placing industrial and municipal waste in the environment, and production and import of environmentally hazardous commodities). Moreover, following the objective of “improving environmental economic tools” stated in the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper, the following legislative acts were adopted in 2004-2005: - A number of changes and amendments to the law “On environmental and nature use charges” have made the charge system more effective and efficient, in its both fiscal and regulatory (reduction of the volume of hazardous discharges into the environment) aspects. - Adoption of the law “On tariffs for compensation of damages caused to fauna and flora as a result of environmental violations" (2005) and approval of assessment procedures for impact of economic activities on water and land resources and the atmosphere by the Government of Armenia allow environmental inspection bodies to ensure a more effective and efficient process of recording environmental damages and their compensation/transfer to state budget. It should be stated that the state budget allocation for the environmental action programme is not significant, therefore all types of environmental charges, fees and compensations for environmental damage are accumulated in the state budget and disbursed in a highly centralized manner. The main shortcoming of the current system is that the charges collected for the purposes of funding environmental protection measures and programmes are only partially used for this purpose. For instance, according to some expert estimations, Armenia’s economic growth causes environmental damage commensurate with 8-10% of the country’s annual GDP. The current budget revenues from environmental charge collection do not exceed 0.25 -0.27% of GDP, i.e. are 20 to 40 times less than the damage caused.  According to latest analysis, more than half of major resources collected for environmental protection purposes is used to finance other priorities. Currently for more targeted use of environmental charges the Law “On the Budget System” stipulates the sum total of budget earmarked for environmental programmes shall be no less than the sum total of environmental charges actually collected in the preceding budget year. With regard to environmental liability it should be mentioned that although OECD study has been conducted in Armenia, and based on results of the study an assessment procedures for impact of economic activities on water and land resources and the atmosphere were elaborated and approved by the Government of Armenia that allow environmental inspection bodies to ensure a more effective and efficient process of recording environmental damages, the methodology for assessment of environmental damage is not yet precise and comprehensive.   Georgia Georgia is a lower middle income country that has as its legitimate major policy priority to achieve sustained economic growth and, related to this, to substantially reduce poverty. The Government’s strategy is largely based on establishing a liberal and largely deregulated market economy and introducing stringent measures designed to minimize corruption and rent-seeking. However, in this context the role of environmental policy was neglected, moreover the role of environment in dealing with the external effects of economic activity in the form of pollution has effectively been ignored. Among the major policy measures introduced by the government was a Tax reform, enshrined in a new Tax Code entered into force in 2005. Its main objectives was the reduction of the tax burden and elimination of administrative barriers to doing business. After approval of Tax Code there has been a significant change in the mix of instruments for environmental protection. The new Tax Code abolished taxes on emissions of air and water pollutants alongside a tax on the use of natural resources dating from 2005, all of which had been introduced in the 1990s. Also were eliminated a road transit fee on foreign motor vehicles and a tax on fuel imports. Among the legal reforms the new Law on Licenses and Permits being endorsed in 2005 introduced mandatory auction-based allocation of licenses for the use of natural resources. Few changes have been made to existing product taxes on motor fuels and vehicles, but there have been some improvements in the application of user charges for utility services. The auctioning of licenses has become an important source of revenue for the central Government. The level of fees rates for each of the natural resources is defined in the Law on Fees for the use natural Resources (2004) amended later by Law on Introduction of Changes and Amendments to the  Law on Fees for the Use of Natural Resources. Another set of instrument is fines for environmental offences. As with pollution taxes, fines per ton of excess emissions have not been altered since 90th. Collection rates of fines for administrative violation were very low in the early 2000s  (around 5%), but have increased significantly since the Environmental Inspectorate was established in 2005. For instance fines imposed in 2008 were almost collected. However, it should be mentioned that the current system of calculation of fines is regulated by the order of the Minister of Environment and Natural Resources and based on methodology that is not accurate, does not consider any externalities. It can be stated that the methodology for calculation was put in place by chance. Goals and Objectives    The overall objective of the project is to improve environmental management system in the countries through enhancement of the environmental liability regimes. The specific objectives of the project are:   1. To develop modern methodology for estimation of the monetary value of damage caused as a result of environmental pollution and exploitation of natural resources at the national level.   2. To design and implement pilots in selected sectors to illustrate how the elaborated methodology would work in practice and explore replication opportunity at country level.   Activities There are following major activities will be implemented:   Activity 1. Inception activities During the inception phase the following preparatory activities will be accomplished: - Formation of the Project team – TORs for major staff and experts will be developed and selection conducted in accordance to REC rules and procedures. In addition leading governmental entities will be requested to provide nominate project contact point for further collaboration and coordination of activities in each of the countries. - Identification of stakeholders and formation of the project inter-agency National Steering Committee (NSC) – based on consultations at national level the project steering committees will be formulated in each beneficiary country at the beginning stage. It is very important to ensure involvement into the process since the beginning of all related stakeholders. Apart of leading agency, that will be Ministries of Environment in two countries, would be necessary to involve into the process Ministries of Finance, Economy, Justice and Tax authorities. - Preparation and conduction of the inception workshops – Inception meeting in each country will be organized with participation of selected stakeholders from public sector and Civil Society Organisations from Armenia and Georgia. Goals and objectives of the project will be presented, general approach toward implementation and major outputs will be discussed, recommendation for detailed work plan will be elaborated. Based on result of national workshops, regional meetings will be organize to discuss project approach and methodology, come up with consolidated project work plan, to setup major milestones.   Activity 2. Identification of key sectors of the economy (economic activities) in each country mostly causing damage to the environment   (in the result of overexploitation or pollution). Based on key sectors of economy that cause damage to environment are already indicated in national policies (NEAPs, EPR, Sustainable development strategy, etc.), as well as in the result of discussions to be held in the framework of a workshop organized with the participation of stakeholders, determine the key sectors of the economy in each country that are increasingly vulnerable toward overexploitation of natural resources and damage caused to the environment as a consequence of carrying out economic activities and their further development (expansion).   Activity 3. Support in revision and analysis of the system of economic instrument applied in all two countries of the region Analysis of the existing system of economic instruments used in the countries will be conducted as well as liability regimes with regard to environmental damage will be reviewed. Institutional analysis will be updated, legislative requirements and existing gaps in the system will be revealed. It is important to consider experience of OECD EAP TF activities in the countries in the area of introduction of economic instruments and environmental liability.   Activity 4. Identification and Assessment of the best available practice in introduction of the system (methodology) of valuation of damage into environment. The project needs to analyze and categories the different methods for valuing natural resources, mostly used in OECD countries and relevant EECCA countries, that can be used for the application of liability regimes. The advantages and disadvantages of using different methodologies in Caucasus countries should be well documented, recommendations as to the best method or combination of methods to be applied under national liability regimes will be elaborated.   Activity 5. Development of relevant methodology(ies) for monetary assessment of depreciation of natural resources and indicators for calculation of the damage. A framework approach will be developed for different sectors for identification of methods for monetary assessment of depreciation of natural resources and calculation of the damage caused as a consequence of environmental pollution and exploitation of natural resources. It is important to identify clear links between environmental losses and country’s development trends while evaluating macroeconomic parameters. It is also very important to understand how to define “significant damage” to environment and a level of restoration, therefore criteria to define the scope of damage for the application of liability regime will be elaborated. Relevant recommendations will be developed and submitted to the government for approval.   Outputs   In the framework of Project results, in the long run, the suggested Project activities will contribute to the achievement of the following major results:
  • Developed methodology(ies) for valuation of actual damage caused to the environment by economic activities and recommendations to the government provided
  • Benefits of using elaborated methodology demonstrated through pilot activities and best practices are disseminated
More generally, areas or spheres of the economy which are more vulnerable for environment in terms of damage and exploitation of natural resources will be identified, modern methodology for an assessment applied and valuation exercise in pilot sector conducted.   The following risks/obstacles have to be addressed in the process of Project implementation,: Political factors: Speculations regarding assessments elaborated as a result of the Project implementation beyond the framework of sustainable development principles; Lack of political will for the acceptance of recommendations due to the fact the project objective may be seen as an attempt to somehow put in limitation into economic development. Anticipated conflicts among the Project team, the group of stakeholders, enterprises and organizations operating in the sectors and areas of the economy that are increasingly vulnerable toward overexploitation of natural resources and damage caused to the environment, populations in the territories where these enterprises are located and local self-governance bodies. Institutional and human factor: Institutional restructuring of government bodies may lead to significant changes in priorities and lack of interest towards the project objectives. Lack of knowledge, experience and skills to initiate new approaches among local specialists or experts; Lack of professionals and relevant staff at a corresponding level who would perform assessments of environmental issues taking into account links with economic, health care and social issues.   The Project's Approach Activities planned in the Project will be guided by and based on the following principles:

Cooperation and Participatory principle

Project development requires close operational relations among the state stakeholders, enterprises and organizations operating in the economic areas and sectors mostly vulnerable in terms of overexploitation of natural resources and damage being caused to the environment, populations living in corresponding territories and local self-governance bodies. This principle of cooperation can be successful only if it is based on a common goal and mutual trust among parties. The Project implementation and recommendations accepted in the process of implementation require an active public involvement during the whole process, while successful public relations require a two-way communication. Firstly, public participation means raising the level of awareness through informing all stakeholders about the scale and aims of their own efforts, environmental issues and priorities, and possible actions to address the most pressing issues. Active involvement of non-environmental government regulatory bodies (Ministry of Economy, Ministry of Finances, Tax Authorities, etc.) into the project since the beginning will be ensured.

Principle of using best international practices

In order for the project to achieve multiple results and be successful, the experience of realization of similar projects in other countries (preferably, eastern European) implemented by international environmental or financial organizations can have essential importance. OECD experience, and, particularly, activities conducted under the framework of EAP TF in the field of assessment and introduction of economic instruments in the EECCA region  will be used. The EAP Task Force has done extensive work on helping environmental regulatory agencies in EECCA countries to modernize their systems of economic instruments for environmental protection, particularly pollution and product charges.  The project should also use an accumulated experience and materials from “Monetary Penalties and Liability” EECCA RECs Joint Projects.

Principle of integrity

The procedure for classification of issues related to environment should make it possible to monitor environmental issues from various viewpoints and integrate health care, environmental, economic and social aspects of environmental degradation, which, ultimately, comprise the context for sustainability. Project Duration and Budget Project Duration: 15 months
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02

Nov

VII Annual International Conference of REC Caucasus on “Climate Change Adaptation – Challenge and Opportunity for the Caucasus”
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On November 10-11, 2011 with financial support of the Ministry of Environmental Affairs, Land Use Planning,  Agriculture and Forestry of Lichtenstein, VII Annual International Conference of REC Caucasus on “Climate Change Adaptation – Challenge and Opportunity for the  Caucasus” is being organized in Tbilisi, Georgia. The event is designed to provide a forum for all interested parties in a comprehensive discourse on climate change issues. The primarily goal of the Conference is to discuss problems of climate change taking into account natural and anthropogenic factors and environmental, economic and social impacts of global climate change in the South Caucasus  region; to search for balanced approaches towards reduction of anthropogenic pressure on climate system through promotion of understanding among scientists, governments, business and public; to learn about existing trends; to raise awareness of target groups and to promote information exchange and transfer of experience within and beyond the region in the field of global climate change. The occasion aims to take stock of challenges posed by climate change in South Caucasus focusing on three countries’ (Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia) specific problems, strategies and response actions for reaching an effective agenda on climate change. The participants of the conference include Embassies; International Organizations; Local and Regional NGOs; Representatives of the Ministry of Environmental Protection of Georgia, Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, Ministry of Regional Development and Infrastructure, Ministry of External Affairs, Economy of and Sustainable Development and State Ministry of Georgia on European and Euro-Atlantic Integration. Climate risks and hazards are already increasing and evident in the Caucasus region, therefore introduction of integrated approach in identification of common risks, in planning and application of innovative adaptation practices can increase a number of options that government and population can exercise to tackle with climate risk to improve environment and reduce poverty.    

Agenda for the VII Annual International Conference

November 10, 2011

10:00-10.30  Opening  Ceremony

10:30-11:00  Welcoming Remarks: Giorgi Khachidze        Minister of Environment  Protection  of Georgia Boris Iarochevitch      Deputy Head  of Delegation Delegation of the European Union to Georgia Dr. Felix Näscher        Director General, the Office of Forests, Nature and Landscape, Principality of Liechtenstein     11:00-11:30  General Introduction of the Issue:    Sophiko Akhobadze     Executive Director of the REC Caucasus  

Session One

11:30-12:00        National Climate Change Policies of the South Caucasus countries and  their positions towards COP 17 Chairman : Giorgi Zedginidze Giorgi Zedginidze           Deputy Minister of Environment  Protection of Georgia Samvel Amirkhanyan   Advisor of Minister,  Ministry of Nature Protection of Republic of Armenia   12:00-12.30 Discussion: Questions: - Country and region specific institutional and technical challenges and needs SC countries face in meeting post Cancun reporting obligations - How support can be directed to meet these challenges - Are the funding mechanisms in place and how much work has been done in this area that we can use as a starting point - Challenges for South Caucasus in evaluation of CC impact - National and regional priority issues: adaptation measures, effectiveness, donor co-operation - Prospects for co-operation 12:30-13:00     Coffee Break  

Session Two

13:00-14:00

Climate Change adaptation perspectives of Civil Society

Chairman:  Nino Chkhobadze

ELKANA-                                      Presentation "Importance of agricultural biodiversity and sustainable                                                           agriculture for the  climate change adaptation in Georgia" Mariam                                                         Jorjadze,  Elene Shatberashvili RECC BO ARMENIA                     Approaches to identification and implementation of adaptation                                                           response to climate change impact for conservation and sustainable                                                           use of agro-biodiversity in arid and semi-arid ecosystems of Armenia                                                         Dshkhuhi Sahakyan/Armine Simonyan   ECOVISION                                   Dedoplistskaro Municipality Sectoral Planning on the Basis of                                                         Landscape- Ecological Background- Gia Sopadze   ECO TEAM                                     Presentation      Raising awareness on issues of climate change and                                                            promotion of   renewable energy sources in Armenia and world –                                                          Artashes Sargsyan SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT     Presentation Energy security of the Azerbaijan Republic and the                                                               problem of sustainable development of alternative energy sources Fikret Djafarov   ENERGY, ECOLOGY, ECONOMY     Presentation     Influences of Regional Change of the Climate on the                                                                  Environment- Shamil Movsumov   ARMENYAN                                          Mainstreaming Climate Change Considerations into Tourism -Zhanna  ECOTURISME ASSOSIATION           Galyan   14:00-14:30           Discussion 14:30-15:30           Lunch   Session Three   15:30-16:30                 Climate Change adaptation perspectives of the Academia Tamaz Chelidze         “On the climate change in Georgia in the past, at present and in the future: what                                         should be done for filling the gaps “

                 M.Nodia Institute of Geophysics of Iv.Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University

Nicholas Meskhidze-   “Climate Change and Sustainable Development with the Emphasis on the                                           Southern Caucasus” North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA George Fayvush          On the impact of global climate change on the flora and vegetation of Armenia Institute of Botany, National Academy of Sciences of Armenia Khayyam Rahimov      Assessment of the impact of expected cllimate change on population of                                        Azerbaijan and possible adaptation Climate and Agroclimate Department of Geography Institute, NASA. Tahira Gahramanova  Several aspects of Geosystem climate change influenced by wind erosion within                                          the coastal region of Azerbaijan. Baku State University   Session Four 16:30-16:40 Climate Change adaptation perspectives of the business sector Maharam Mehtiyev  Presentation -The role of International Organizations and private sector for adaptation to climate change-SOCAR 16:40-17:00   Discussion 17:00-17:20   Coffee Break   Session Five  17:20-18:30 Climate Change adaptation perspectives of international Organizations GIZ                  Dieter MullerClimate Tolerant Rehabilitation of Degraded Landscapes in Georgia                         Project Director   UNDP             Presentation Climate Change Adaptation – Challenge and Opportunity for the Caucasus-                        Marina Shvangiradze- Georgia   WWF              Presentation ‘Climate Change Related Projects Implemented by WWF-Caucasus                              Programme Office” Ilia Osepashvili, Forest Officer   RECC            Presentation” Sustainable Land Management for Mitigating Land Degradation and Reducing Poverty in the South Caucasus Region”   UNDP              theses- Adaptation to climate change impacts in forests                         and forestry of Armenia –Piloting selected adaptation measures in forest regeneration                         and   forest rehabilitation to enhance the resilience of mountain forests to climate                             change, Essi Ulander, Armenia   CENN             Presentation Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Mitigation (CCADM) project Tamar Mtvarelidze   UNDP/GEF     “Role of Collaborating Partners in Implementation of Climate Change Mitigation Projects                             at Local Level: Case Studies of GEF SGP Funded Projects in Armenia”  Vardan                                 Tserunyan 18:30-19:00   Discussion

19:00         Closure of Day I

Wrap up of the first day and introduction of next day’s parallel discussion sessions 19:30    Dinner    

November 11, 2011

Session Six 10.00-11:30  Dialogues on Climate Change:     Parallel Discussions 1:               Integrating climate change risks into national development policies, plans and strategies Moderator:       Aram Gabrielyan (FP UNFCCC)

2:                 Identifying financing for adaptation initiatives Moderator:       Nino Antadze(UNDP Georgia)   3:                 Priority directions for climate change adaptation Moderator:       Oqtai Djafarov (FP UNCCD) 11:30-12:00   Coffee Break   Session Seven   12:00-13:00  Reports from parallel discussions: Group 1                      Group 2                      Group 3   Session Eight 13:00-14:00  Common Problems in the Region and Potential Ways of Resolving Chairman: Grigol Lazriev, Division of Hydrometeorology  and Climate Chnge,                      Ministry of Environment Protection Of Georgia                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                14:00-14:30  Closing of the Conference   Chairman: Giorgi Zedginidze Edgar PIrumyan President of the REC Caucasus International Advisory Council   14:30   Lunch
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20

Oct

Yerevan’s zoo celebrates 70th anniversary and introduces a new ‘animal care’ concept
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This project is one of the numerous reforms launched at the zoo marking its 70th anniversary this year. The improvement program has been initiated by the new director – president of the Preservation Fund for Wildlife and Cultural Values Mr. Ruben Khachatryan. By reorganization of the park, the personnel of Yerevan Zoo makes an attempt to turn the zoo into a reserve where animals inhabit in as spacious areas as possible and people visiting the zoo get a chance to not simply see an animal locked in a cage, but can watch him in a more natural environment, study and better understand their vital importance in the nature. The area is suitable for creating such conditions, as only 6 ha of the 35-hectare park is currently used. Mr. Khachatryan believes that foreign experts’ participation in the project is highly important. While new plans are being made taken from the world practices in this sphere, visitors now notice the improvements made at the zoo. If compared to last year, it is obvious that the space has been re-arranged and improved; the cages are in a better condition, the characteristic strong smell has been reduced too, even new garbage bins have been placed separately for plastic and polyethylene wastes as well as other kinds of trash. In order to help children better familiarize themselves with the fauna, every Friday viewing of documentaries about wildlife is offered at a designated for that purpose quite comfortable area in the park and those who are interested can take a bus that offers a free ride to the zoo from vicinity of Yeritasardakan (Youth) metro station in the center of Yerevan.
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10

Oct

Prevention, Preparedness and Response to Man-made and Natural-Disasters in the ENPI East Region” (PPRD-EAST)
South Caucasus is high-risk disaster zone that  undermines countries  economy, and threatens natural environment and human security. Due to countries prolonged transitional period the gap has been formed through: Non existing electronic Risk Atalas;  Outdated statistics on DRR;  imperfect  Cartography, GIS, non existing satellite imagery; Imperfect legislative framework DRR; low capacity of national staff, low public awareness; Lack of knowledge of  EU Civil Protection Mechanism The mission of the project is to raise awareness on DRR issues and improve collaboration between different stakeholders on national and regional levels via pinformation , communications and public relations. Duration: 2011 -2014   The expected results of the project include: 1) Better knowledge of risk exposure and available resources for enhanced preparedness and response capacities

2) Enhanced legislative, administrative and operational civil protection capacities

3) Improved information , awareness and participation.

4) Partner countries are well informed about EU Civil Protection Mechanism and able to effectively collaborate

5)Needs for a possible of cooperation with Eastern partners, end of programme (Phase II) are identified.

Indicators:

1) Knowledge products (booklets, manuals, newsletters etc.) are created and disseminated in appropriate languages and made available on the internet. Information is shared, transferred and used at policy and management levels. Educational materials are developed in Armenian, Azerbaijani and Georgian languages and distributed among 30,000 stakeholders. 2) At lest 8 trainings  are organised at the national and regional levels 3) 6 conferences are organized to present result and  share experience 4) At least 2 regional conferences are organised 5) The website is developed, with all information and materials uploaded
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10

Oct

The EU greenhouse gas emission increases
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Recent reports published by the European Environment Agency (EEA) and the European Commission said the EU increased greenhouse gas emission by 2.4 percent in 2010. Despite this slight increase past year, since 1990 the EU has decreased its emissions by 15.5 percent, while the economy grew by 42 percent in the same period of time. Connie Hadegaard, European Commissioner for Climate Action, underlined the importance of breaking the link between carbon emissions and economic growth. The EU-15 feels positive about reducing emission by more than 8 percents, therefore achieving Kyoto Protocol - a protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC or FCCC) aimed at fighting global warming. "The EU continued decoupling emissions from GDP during the recession. Between 2008 and 2009, emissions fell by 7.1 percent in the EU-27, much more than the around 4 percent contraction in GDP. However, last year's estimated 2.4 percent rise in emissions shows that we need to continue the decoupling process. Pursuing our efforts to make Europe a low-carbon society is the way forward." “It will stimulate technological innovation, spur economic growth and create jobs while further reducing emissions so that we meet our 2020 climate and energy targets and long term goals," Hedegaard stressed,” pointed out Ms. Hedegaard.
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01

Oct

Promotion of Media – Government – Civil Society Environmental Dialogue in the South Caucasus

Background The South Caucasus – a unique region in terms of its bio and landscape diversity and natural resources - currently faces alarming environmental threats. Quality of water and air, as well as the issue of transport systems, waste, pipelines, mining, soil degradation and other raise many questions about secure future and quality of life in the region. Lack of the will and capacities at the governmental level, lack of regional harmonised approaches are also a threat, along with the low environmental awareness of public and reluctance to actively participate in environmental decision-making and problem solving. The role of media in building environmentally friendly civil society and practically assisting in solving the problems is considered as a crucial pillar for the process. Hence, raising awareness of media representatives and encouraging coverage of environmental issues is imperative for achieving the desired level of public participation in environmental decision - making. The project is developed under the umbrella of the “environmental awareness raising” motto through promotion of more active and competent intervenes of media outlets, exchange of information, providing practical tool kits, establishing links between representatives of governmental, nongovernmental and international organisations, experts, students, mass media and general public.

Description
  • Trainings of media representatives on communication techniques with local NGOs and environmental experts (as a source of information) and decision-makers (as a target audience);
  • Trainings of local NGOs aimed to raise communication and public participation skills of nongovernmental sector. Trainings will be organised in regions and targeted relatively new organisations with limited experience.

Objective the Project will support local journalists in development of materials covering all aspects, including negative and positive, of environmental concerns; raise environmental awareness of public in the South Caucasus through strengthening environmental journalism and encourage public participation in environmental decision-making through innovative techniques of communication and cooperation between environmental stakeholders, especially local media, NGO communities, decision-makers and local businesses; and increase awareness and commitments of decision-makers to sustainable development, environmental protection and biodiversity conservation in the Caucasus

Project donor
Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF) EU
Target groups
Journalists, NGOs, local and national decision-makers
Project scope
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia
Articles Azerbaijan Armenia Georgia
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30

Aug

Establishing structured approach towards training of Environmental Inspectors in Armenia and Azerbaijan
Background
Within the 2003-2007 work programme, the EAP Task Force Secretariat organised numerous training and know-how transfer events at the level of sub-regions (e.g. in the Caucasus) and countries, including Armenia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, and Ukraine. In total, training involved about 300 people. Most of the training events were conducted in cooperation or with logistical support from EECCA RECs. The training programme was based on the ―Toolkit for Better Environmental Inspectorates‖, which is a comprehensive manual reflecting modern theory and practice of environmental compliance promotion, monitoring, and enforcement. The programme had a positive impact and, as a result, the Secretariat and its partners in EECCA have faced an increasing demand for training, which is difficult to satisfy without enlarging the number of trainers and creating a mechanism that would enable trainers to continuously update the training programmes and materials. REC Caucasus with cooperation of OECD EAP TASK Force implemented several projects in the period 2003 – 2008: Sub-regional managers workshop IMPROVING ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE ASSURANCE IN CAUCASUS, June, 16-20 2003, Tbilisi, Georgia Translation and putting out of OECD publications“Guiding Principle for Reform of Environmental Enforcement Authorities in Transition Economies of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia” and the “ Glossary of Terms Used in Environmental Enforcement and Compliance Promotion” in Armenian, Azerbaijanian and Georgian languages. Institutional Development Seminar and Management Training, November, 2005, Tbilisi, Georgia. Peer Review of Environmental Compliance Assurance System of Armenia, (organisation of training for inspectorates), June 2005, Yerevan, Armenia. The project was prepared in frame of OECD EAP Task Force and EECCA RECs joint work programme under the Programme Area 2. Environmental Policy Reform, project JP/2.2.4. “Training Programmes for Inspectorates” and aims to promote a structured approach towards training of environmental inspectors and facilitate networking among specialized institutions in the EECCA region and with similar institutions in OECD and CEE countries. Individual capacity (or competence) can be defined as a set of standardized requirements for an individual to properly perform specific duties within an organization and encompasses both knowledge and skills. A continuous improvement of employees’ individual capacity is essential for any enforcement authority, including State Environmental Inspectorate (SEI), to achieve its objectives and maintain high standards of service to the general public. There is a clear need to change the current approach to training of the individuals within SEI and make it more coherent and structured, based on a clear understanding of incentives to enhance performance. In Armenia and Azerbaijan, similarly to many other countries of EECCA, the development of individual capacities of the employees faces a number of problems that hinder the successful full-scale performance of the SEI. The main problems linked to the training of inspectors in Armenia and Azerbaijan are lack of professional training opportunities for SEI  specialists, inconsistency of the knowledge flow, lack of holistic approach to SEI specialist skills development, limited access to up-to-date materials, lack of cross-country experience exchange. Short description of the project Aim The aim of this project is to introduce a structured approach towards trainings for the employees of the State Environmental Inspectorate (SEI) of Armenia and Azerbaijan, also establish a mechanism of information exchange that will help SEI employees to continuously learn about new developments.   Background Within the 2003-2007 work programme, the EAP Task Force Secretariat organised numerous training and know-how transfer events at the level of sub-regions (e.g. in the Caucasus) and countries, including Armenia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, and Ukraine. In total, training involved about 300 people. Most of the training events were conducted in cooperation or with logistical support from EECCA RECs. The training programme was based on the ―Toolkit for Better Environmental Inspectorates‖, which is a comprehensive manual reflecting modern theory and practice of environmental compliance promotion, monitoring, and enforcement. The programme had a positive impact and, as a result, the Secretariat and its partners in EECCA have faced an increasing demand for training, which is difficult to satisfy without enlarging the number of trainers and creating a mechanism that would enable trainers to continuously update the training programmes and materials. REC Caucasus with cooperation of OECD EAP TASK Force implemented several projects in the period 2003 – 2008. Sub-regional managers workshop IMPROVING ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE ASSURANCE IN CAUCASUS, June, 16-20 2003, Tbilisi, Georgia Translation and putting out of OECD publications “Guiding Principle for Reform of Environmental Enforcement Authorities in Transition Economies of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia” and the “ Glossary of Terms Used in Environmental Enforcement and Compliance Promotion” in Armenian, Azerbaijanian and Georgian languages. Institutional Development Seminar and Management Training, November, 2005, Tbilisi, Georgia. Peer Review of Environmental Compliance Assurance System of Armenia, (organisation of training for inspectorates), June 2005, Yerevan, Armenia. The project was prepared in frame of OECD EAP Task Force and EECCA RECs joint work programme under the Programme Area 2. Environmental Policy Reform, project JP/2.2.4. “Training Programmes for Inspectorates” and aims to promote a structured approach towards training of environmental inspectors and facilitate networking among specialized institutions in the EECCA region and with similar institutions in OECD and CEE countries. Individual capacity (or competence) can be defined as a set of standardized requirements for an individual to properly perform specific duties within an organization and encompasses both knowledge and skills. A continuous improvement of employees’ individual capacity is essential for any enforcement authority, including State Environmental Inspectorate (SEI), to achieve its objectives and maintain high standards of service to the general public. There is a clear need to change the current approach to training of the individuals within SEI and make it more coherent and structured, based on a clear understanding of incentives to enhance performance. In Armenia and Azerbaijan, similarly to many other countries of EECCA, the development of individual capacities of the employees faces a number of problems that hinder the successful full-scale performance of the SEI. The main problems linked to the training of inspectors in Armenia and Azerbaijan are lack of professional training opportunities for SEI  specialists, inconsistency of the knowledge flow, lack of holistic approach to SEI specialist skills development, limited access to up-to-date materials, lack of cross-country experience exchange.
Overall Objectives The overall objective of this project is to introduce a structured approach towards trainings for the employees of the State Environmental Inspectorate (SEI) of Armenia and Azerbaijan. Specific Objectives The specific objectives of the project are:
  • Promotion of consistency in SEI planning and execution.
  • Improvement of SEI performance.
  • Establishment of a strong regional network of Environmental Inspectorates.
  • Sharing of experience on regular basis.
Expected Outcomes
  • Increasing of skills and ability of State Environmental Inspectors;
  • Sharing experience between State Environmental Inspectors in Armenia and Azerbaijan.
  Results to Date: Activities   The project implementation was initially delayed due to the following two major reasons: 1. As part of joint work programme of EECCA RECs and OECD EAP Task Force, project activities should have been started in parallel and under the guidance of the Secretariat of OECD EAP Task Force, however due to objective reasons REC Caucasus has been informed that Secretariat was not able to start their part of activities on time due to late provision of funds from donor.   2. Significant restructuring process started in REC Caucasus in the end of 2009. New institutional structure  was approved by the RECs Board of Directors and introduced in January 2010. Due to changes, contracts with the previous staff members were terminated, but new programme staff has not been hired. Moreover, several internal and external audits started in organisation in 2010. Therefore implementation of some projects, including this one, was postponed.Due to those facts the Project implementation process started with significant delays and relevant project reports were not submitted to the donor in accordance to contractual requirements. Launching of the project and as well as preparatory meeting with State Environmental Inspectorate of Armenia and Azerbaijan were conducted in Baku (September 10, 2010) and Yerevan (September 14, 2010). Discussion on identification of initial methodology for needs assessment conducted with national authorities, process of identification of competence profiles and major focus areas for possible trainings started. Several consultation with OECD EAP Task Force secretariat, partner of the project, have been also conducted to finalise methodology for capacity needs assessment exercise and identification of targeted areas. Relevant questionnaires were developed on the basis of the Guidance for the Organization of Trainings within State Environmental Inspectorates of EECCA countries, elaborated by the Organisation for  Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and sent to all stakeholders on December 2010. Filled questionnaires were submitted to REC Caucasus till January 17, 2011. The filled in questionnaires have been analyzed by the Project Team in close cooperation with the Ministries of Environment. The working group have been conducted in  Armenia and Azerbaijan for the preparation of training need assessment report in March 2011. REC Caucasus, with consultative and methodological support of the OECD, aims to fill the existing gaps by implementing training needs assessment (TNA) for the staff members of the Inspectorate (based on the methodology suggested by OECD and approbated in Georgia), develop a coherent multi-year training program and training materials (based on “Toolkit for Better Environmental Inspectorates”) and organize trainings for SEI employees, which will provide them with practical and up-to-date knowledge and skills necessary to successful performance of SEI. The Project introduces a structured approach towards trainings for the employees of the State SEI of Armenia and Azerbaijan and also establishes a mechanism of information exchange that will help SEI employees to continuously learn about new developments. Project expected results:
  • Professional knowledge and skills gaps are identified through training needs assessments (TNA)
  • Gaps are addressed through conduction of trainings session and knowledge transfer.
  • The structured approach with strong mechanisms of training provision for SEI is established.
The project is prepared in frame of OECD EAP Task Force and EECCA RECs joint work program under the Program Area 2. Environmental Policy Reform, project JP/2.2.4. “Training Programs for Inspectorates” and aims to promote a structured approach towards training of environmental inspectors and facilitate networking among specialized institutions in the EECCA region and with similar institutions in OECD and CEE countries. Individual capacity (or competence) can be defined as a set of standardized requirements for an individual to properly perform specific duties within an organization and encompasses both knowledge and skills. A continuous improvement of employees’ individual capacity is essential for any enforcement authority, including State Environmental Inspectorate (SEI), to achieve its objectives and maintain high standards of service to the general public. There is a clear need to change the current approach to training of the individuals within SEI and make it more coherent and structured, based on a clear understanding of incentives to enhance performance. The Project involves staff Environmental Inspectorate, including its representatives in every administrative division of the Republic of Armenia and Republic of Azerbaijan.   REC Caucasus Branch Offices will provide expert support as well as facility and materials for all stages of project implementation. RECC Branch Offices role is organization of training needs assessment, support to Ministry of Nature Protection to develop training program and organization of training sessions. State Environmental Inspectorate of Ministry of Nature Protection will provide professional, informative and organizational support throughout all stages of project implementation. OECD EAP Task Force will provide methodological and consultative support throughout all stages of project implementation. Before organization of training session RECC has involved qualified experts (4 experts in each country) in the field of environmental inspection to develop training modules based on modern knowledge, best international experience and currently applied local experience.   Phase I The project team in close cooperation with the Ministries of Environment of Armenia and Azerbaijan have prepared the training modules. The training modules have been prepared in two languages (national and English). Meanwhile the organization of training sessions have been started. So in June in Armenia and September in Azerbaijan 2011 REC Caucasus in close co-operation with Ministry of Environment and State Environmental Inspection agencies has launched the first round of 3 days professional trainings for environmental inspectors. During the two-day professional training 12 modules, subsequent case studies, questionnaires, as well as presentations, information package including national and EU legislation, EU directives (IPCC, Environmental liability, etc), information on co-operation between local and national agencies in the sphere of environmental inspection, legislation frameworks regulating environmental inspection, organization of work within environmental inspection/institutional issues and many other topics have been presented and discussed . Environmental inspectors from State Environmental Inspectorate (SEI) of Ministries of Environment of Armenia and Azerbaijan have been selected to take part in the sessions of professional trainings. During the session the brief information on the project mission, goal and expected results have been given. There was especially valued the idea of the project, which was born long before it started and emphasized the importance of the project which is based on assessment of real needs within the State Environmental Inspection and will serve as a capacity-building and skill –building tool both for experienced and start-up professionals. Bearing in mind the regionality of the project and as well as the common background in the region, Project team tried to keep the almost the same agenda in both countries. So the first session has started with the presentation on “The Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Directive (96/61/EC) implementation procedures in and the collaboration between state management and local self government bodies in the field of environmental inspection” during the session were discussed the main targets of the IPPC Directive: a framework directive aiming at a high level of protection for the environment as a whole, operating permits for industry with conditions to be based on “best available techniques” (BAT), which provides for an exchange of information on BAT, environmental permit system, permissions toward separate components of environment, complex permission and the scope use. Also was presented the institutional regulation of environmental permitting system, timeframes, permission for small and medium business organizations, and permits transition strategy by IPPC directive requirements and etc. During the first session also presented “Implementation of self-control towards compliance with the requirements of environmental legislation” introduction on draft law”. Presentation were made on “Legal field regulating Environmental inspectorate control procedure” and “Judicial protection procedure of Environmental control results and the role of inspectors in that procedure”, on “Environmental and natural resource use fees, financial-economic mechanisms of inspectorate” and “Collaboration of Ministries of Environment with international organizations, expected outcomes from the collaboration”. Trainers were discuss general approaches of introduction of Inspectorate reforms in Azerbaijan and Armenia, environmental risks, according to environmental field approaches of preparation of check lists, development of work plans, as well as presented environment impact assessment and organization of inspectorate control and also presented Specification of state control towards requirements of the flora and fauna. Besides presentations, five Group Work sessions have been carried out during the two-day training on case studies prepared by trainers.  Inspectors have been working on
  • “Identification of conflict situations during environmental inspection and analysis”
  • “Assessment criteria of leakage of water resources and water basins, the atmospheric emissions, hazardous waste installation and processing of the environmental risks”
  • “Supporting tools of EC available for Armenia and Azerbaijan (Twining)”.
  • “Special conditions of Environmental impact assessment and inspection toward them / Hydro electro stations, mining/
  • “Discussion of practical issues required for assessment of environmental inspection in maximum   permissible environmental emission and water use”
  • “Functions of inspectors in illegal poaching”
  • “Compliance and differences of EC and national legislation, applicability of  rules”
Interactive discussions and presentations on results have been conducted after each group work by environmental inspectors and facilitated by trainers and working group facilitators. To assess the quality and impact of the training session, all training participants and trainers have complied evaluation forms, which are proving the productiveness and efficiency of organization and conduction skills of professional trainings by REC Caucasus.   At the end of the training session Environmental inspectors have been awarded Certificate. The followings should be mentioned as main outcomes of conducted trainings:
  • The importance of application of structural approach in environmental inspection was better understood by training participants (environmental inspectors);
  • The participants have increased their knowledge on basic elements of environmental inspection, strategic planning and personnel administration during inspection process local experience and the best applications applied at international level
  • Practical activities (group works) enabled participants to use learned knowledge and properly apply during provision of the inspection activities.
  • At the end of the training session, it was decided to continue provision of such type of trainings on environmental inspection in future.
    Phase II Training of Trainers (TOT) on June 24-25 in Armenia and June 30-July1 in Azerbaijan, 2011 Project Team in close co-operation with Ministry of Nature Protection in Armenia and Ministry of Environment in Azerbaijan conducted training of trainers (TOT). The aim of the training of trainers (TOT) was to introduce structured professional knowledge in regard with environmental inspection procedures, institutional structures of Inspection, environmental indicators, risks and Directives in EC countries, as well key points and components to conduct efficient, productive and successful trainings through development of technical skills of trainer.  Environmental inspectorate trainers: representatives of Ministries of Environment have been taking part in the sessions of TOT.   TOT was consisted of two parts: professional and technical parts. During two-day TOT sessions, in professional part case studies of EC countries (Netherlands, Czech Republic, Belgium) on Environmental Legislation compliance and Indicators, Institutional structure of State Environmental Inspectorate in EC countries (Austria, Germany, Swiss, Norway and Belgium), Directive (2004/35/EC) on Environmental Liability and Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) have been presented and actively discussed by all participants. Presentation-communication-management, time management and team building skills have been presented and practiced in technical part of TOT.  Just to make more impressive the impact of TOT and achieve desirable results, sample of Team building and Ice Breaker has been practiced by training team. Post evaluation sheets have proven the productivity and efficiency of TOT. Training participants have made some recommendations in regard with the trainings to be implemented in next session including training materials, modules, presentations and training conduction, presentation, communication, group works, time management skills and how to make it proactive.     Phase III On July 31 and August 01, 2011 the second round of professional trainings for environmental inspectors have been organized by Armenia Branch Office of of Regional Environmental Centre for Caucasus. Two-day professional training sessions have been held for the second group of 20 inspectors. 12 modules, subsequent case studies, questionnaires, as well as presentations, information packages including national and EU legislation, EU directives (IPCC, Environmental liability, etc), information on co-operation between local and national agencies in the sphere of environmental inspection, legislation frameworks regulating environmental inspection, organization of work within environmental inspection/institutional issues and many other topics have been presented and discussed. Most of the time of the second round of training sessions has been allocated to group works according to recommendations suggested by participants and trainers in the first round of training sessions and TOT. Six focus group works have been conducted by trainers. Group works helped to enhance productiveness of sessions through knowledge transfer in a practical way. Trainees had a chance to interact on the topics chosen by trainers, observe, analyze, discuss, improve their knowledge and gain professional expertise. While practicing knowledge and expertise, environmental inspectors have been dealing with various tasks, such as identification of conflict situations during environmental inspection, functions of inspectors in illegal poaching, assessment of environmental risks, application of EC supporting tools available for Armenia (Twining and Taiex). The groups have also been working on clarification of special conditions of environmental impact assessment and inspection control over those conditions in Hydro-electro stations, mining and discussed practical issues, which are required for assessment of environmental inspection in maximum permissible environmental emission and water use. Presentations on the results of group works have been efficient and shown evidence of knowledge and expertise obtained from a range of resources, information and knowledge provided by trainers. Working groups have presented well-balanced arguments and drawn appropriate conclusions to the tasks above described. On December 28 and 30, 2011 the second round of professional trainings for environmental inspectors have been organized by Azerbaijan Branch Office of Regional Environmental Centre for Caucasus. Before organization of training sessions Azerbaijan BO has involved 4 qualified experts, together with them Azerbaijan BO specialists decided to conduct 3 days of training sessions on two topics: 1) Introduction to production self-control; 2) Preventing violations through effective communication There were made many presentation by the representatives of the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources (MENR) and by experts of REC Caucasus. After the presentation session started question-answer session, and during the session the participants were clarified on unclear points of the training topics. The experts provided comprehensive information on questions arisen by training participants.   At wrap-up session, the topics studied during all training process were revised again and the participants were informed on next planned trainings in the field of environmental inspection. It was decided to organize next round of trainings in January or February month of 2012 and mainly to focus on applied methodology and best experience in environmental inspection at international level. The followings should be mentioned as main outcomes of conducted trainings:
  1. The importance of application of structural approach in environmental inspection was better understood by training participants   (environmental inspectors);
  2. The participants have increased their knowledge on production self control, its advantages, types of monitoring and its parameters.
  3. The participants have increased knowledge on importance of effective communication during environmental inspection activities and its role in preventing environmental violations;
  4. The participants get knowledge on local experience and the best applications applied at international level in the fields of production self-control and effective communication during environmental inspection.
  5. Practical activities (group works) enabled participants to use learned knowledge and properly apply during provision of the inspection activities.
At the end of training session, all participants appreciated the organization of such type of trainings. It was decided to continue provision of such type of environmental inspection in future.   Phase IV In the beginning of 2012 REC Caucasus Armenia and Azerbaijan Branch Offices continued conducting of the professional trainings for environmental inspectors. On January 27-28, 2012 REC Caucasus Armenia BO in close co-operation with Ministry of Nature Protection of Armenia and State Environmental Inspection agency has launched the third round of professional trainings. Training sessions were officially opened by Advisor to the Minister of Nature Protection. First day training session was started with the presentation on “The Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Directive (96/61/EC) implementation procedures in RA and the collaboration between state management and local self government bodies in the field of environmental inspection”, and continued with many other presentations on topics:
  1. “RA Law on “The implementation of self-control towards compliance with the requirements of environmental legislation”.
  2. “Environmental and natural resources use fees, financial economic mechanisms in SEI under MNP”
  3. “Organization of implementation of the inspection works by environmental inspectors”
  4. “RA Environmental Statistics” (legal filed, analysis, the aim of the procedure)
  5. “General approaches of investment of inspectorate reforms in RA, (environmental risks, approaches for development of questionnaires according to the environmental field inspection, development of work plan, questionnaires)”
The second day also continued with presentation of trainers based on the Modules of the Project. The trainings were finalized with group works Seven group works within the Case studies listed above have been conducted by the Environmental inspectors and assisted by trainer, and facilitators. Training participants have been divided into 3 groups, 6 and 7 inspectors in each group and smoothly entered into the case suggested and continued their work demonstrating situations where conflicts are found while conducting inspection and invested their expertise, after this it continued  in conditions of discussions: question-answer: discussion sessions took place after each presentation, which covered multiple issues raised by environmental inspector, trainers. Discussions were interactive. Environmental inspectors came up with a number of questions listed below. 25-26 January of 2012 Azerbaijan Branch office of Regional Environmental Center for Caucasus (REC Caucasus) has organized third round of trainings which lasted 2 days training sessions. During two days sessions were discussed the following two topics: 1) Environmental violation and legal actions taken to eliminate its consequences and legal actions taken to eliminate its consequences and international experience in this field; 2) Inventory of entities (users of nature) In order to provide participation of representative from donor organization at the training sessions, Azerbaijan Branch office of RECC has written invitation letter to Norwegian Embassy in Baku and invited Executive officer - Kristian Lundby Gjerde to participate at training session. Training session started at 25 January 2012. Kristian Lundby Gjerde -  Executive officer of Norwegian Embassy in Baku. He also welcomed all participants and trainers, and mentioned that there is good cooperation between governments of Norway and Azerbaijan. Norwegian government supports different development projects in the country. This project is one of them. The project aims to increase capacity of environmental inspectors leading to increase of quality of services provided by them. Final result of this is improvement of environment where we all live. Mr. Kristian thanked Azerbaijan Branch office of REC Caucasus for good organizational work and wished success to training participants. After this the day was full of presentations from the trainers based on modules, which were developed by the experts of the REC Caucasus. The presentation informed participants of formal and informal response mechanisms. There are 2 forms of response to violations: formal and informal. Informal responses may include telephone calls, site visits, warning letters and notices of violations. The purpose of informal action is to force the offender to comply with the requirements, or to initiate a formal legal process. Formal mechanisms are either civil or criminal. Civil action may be taken either in the administrative way or by applying to a court or other judicial body. During discussions the participants from different regions have raised current problems and asked questions.  The trainer has clarified all issues answering to all questions. The second day also was full of presentations, the last presentations were devoted to international experience in the field of environmental inspection. At wrap-up session, the topics studied during all training process were revised again and the participants were informed on next planned trainings. Third round of professional training sessions have been completed successfully by SEI and RECC Armenia BO and Azerbaijan BO. As the result of the project implementation, the steps of establishment of strong mechanisms are undertaken and in process of development. Professional knowledge and skills are transferred to environmental inspectors and creation of structured approach towards trainings for employees of the SEI is in process of creation. Within the project implementation, environmental inspectors have gained knowledge and skills, taken part in group works. The project helped to enhance capacity and capabilities of SEI inspectors.   Phase V Recommendations Training sessions’ Recommendations
  • Prepare and publish Trainer’s guideline;
  • Adapt International SEI expertise locally and figure out applicable mechanisms in Armenia and Azerbaijan;
  • Develop mechanism for the selection of the best environmental inspectors;
  • Initiate and conduct one extra training for the best environmental inspectors (core selected group of 10 or 20 best inspectors);
  • Allocate more time to discussions and group works.
  TOT’s Recommendation
  • Presentations on the EU Inspectorate legislation  and legal system;
  • Presentation on case studies in regard with SEI procedures in EU countries;
  • Presentation on SEI methods and activities in EU countries;
  • Presentation on obstacles which are result of legislation contradictions in inspectorate activities;
  • Training sessions should be focused on group works; (for more productivity and efficiency allocate more time for group works).
  • Training participants have also made some recommendations in regard with the training time management, training productiveness, effectiveness, relevance to be implemented in next session including training materials, modules, presentations, participants and training conduction, presentation skills.
  Project visibility Press releases on forthcoming events and reports on conducted activities were disseminated through REC Caucasus network and uploaded on the REC Caucasus web page www.rec-caucasus.org, in order to keep all stakeholders informed about progress and results of project.
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